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insurance
The probabilities of the following events are first discussed in this paper: the insurance company survives to any fixed time k and the surplus at time k equals x≥1.
      
The dual random models about the life insurance and social pension insurance have received considerable attention in the recent articles on, actuarial theory and applications.
      
Dual random model of increasing life insurance for multiple-life status
      
In this paper the dual random model of increasing life insurance for multiple-life status is discussed.
      
Fur-thermore, the limiting distribution of average cost of a portfolio of increasing life insurance for multiple-life status is studied.
      
Generalized pareto distribution fit to medical insurance claims data
      
This paper attains the exact threshold by testing for GPD, and shows that GPD model allows the actuary to easily estimate high quantiles and the probable maximum loss from the medical insurance claims data.
      
Risk Management: Mechanisms of Mutual and Endowment Insurance
      
Consideration was given to a continuous insurance model where the client is insured at a random time instant depending on the degree of wear of the insured object.
      
The insurer designates the insurance premium and the insurance recovery that is paid to the client provided that the object was insured prior to the insured accident (failure).
      
If there exists a penalty, then there exists a ratio of the insurance premium to the insurance recovery that is most advantageous to the insurer.
      
Model of the precautionary and motivational role of insurance
      
A model of decision making by the insurer about the size of the insurance payment was considered.
      
Model of the precautionary and motivational role of insurance
      
A model of decision making by the insurer about the size of the insurance payment was considered.
      
Nonmanipulatable insurance mechanisms: A design method
      
An optimal insurance mechanism by the maximum of the insurer aim function is determined.
      
The requirements for the characteristics of broadband piezoelectric transducers aimed at the insurance of undistorted transmission of ultrasonic signals are formulated.
      
The application of the architecture in an auto insurance claim domain is briefly described.
      
Many countries with health insurance systems conduct periodic payment standards reform.
      
 

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