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subsidy
Researches on recycling of metallic materials are being done with subsidy.
      
This paper analyses the optimal reimbursement scheme for both prevention and treatment when each activity receives either a linear subsidy (i.e.
      
The challenges involved in macroeconomic stabilization, radical liberalization, currency convertibility, subsidy reduction and conversion of state-owned enterprises are reviewed.
      
The nature and direction of changes suggests a subsidy-stress gradient of responses.
      
Based on the previous studies, compensation subsidy for the values of non-marketable forest products was computed with a method of compensation coefficient that combines the Engel Coefficient and Logistic Curve.
      
The total value of the compensation subsidy in 1999 was supposed to 637.93 Yuan·hm-2, of which 70% would be paid directly to the local stakeholders and is much higher than the compensation subsidy previously computed (75Yuan·hm-2·year-1).
      
A practical solution is that the local government should invest in forest and put the compensation subsidy into the current revenue.
      
Subsidy policies with capital accumulation: Maintaining employment levels
      
These policies involve either a combination of a subsidy to aggregate future consumption and a per-capita tax on children, or a subsidy to average future consumption.
      
A marginal increase in the education subsidy can lower growth.
      
Importantly, a partial subsidy to education can result in lower growth than pure private education.
      
Therefore, the second-best social insurance together with an education subsidy is a welfare improving policy.
      
Finally, we compare the subsidy system with the fully funded system and discuss the problem of implementing the transition to the fully funded system.
      
From 1999, all parents in Norway with children aged one to three, who did not attend publicly subsidised daycare, became eligible for a cash-for-care (CFC) subsidy.
      
One effect of the CFC-subsidy was to increase in the relative price of external child care.
      
This article analyses whether the CFC-subsidy has led to a reduction in the labour supply of mothers.
      
The results show that the CFC-subsidy has reduced women's labour supply.
      
We used data from the 1999 National Survey of America's Families to analyze the determinants of receipt of a child care subsidy and the effects of subsidy receipt on employment, school attendance, unemployment, and welfare participation.
      
Ordinary least-squares estimates that treat subsidy receipt as exogenous show an effect of subsidy receipt on employment of about 13 percentage points.
      
A case of inter-class subsidy in urban public transportation
      
 

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