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lytic cycle
The labeled mRNAs were then used as probes in Southern hybridization reactions to identify restriction fragments in the phage genome where new transcripts were initiated during progression of the phage lytic cycle.
      
The most commonly studied gene, beige (Bg), has been found to block a postrecognition event in the lytic cycle.
      
Furthermore, the induction of the HHV-8 lytic cycle was not observed under the staurosporine treatment.
      
The S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (SAH) and 14-3-3 ζ/phospholipase A2 (PLA2) are transcriptionally activated in parallel to the induction of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) lytic cycle by the ganglioside IV3NeuAc-nLcOse4Cer.
      
Expression of EA-D, BZLF1, and BHRF1 was increased in response to both, SAH- and 14-3-3 ζ/PLA2 overexpression indicating the initiation of the EBV lytic cycle.
      
To avoid the possible bias of multiplicity reactivation and/or virus propagation, infection was quantitated in terms of V-antigen-positive nuclei at the end of the first lytic cycle.
      
Specific binding of KU factor and downregulation of the promoter of the lytic cycle gene BZLF1 of Epstein-Barr virus
      
The tachyzoite lytic cycle begins with active invasion of host cells involving the release of adhesive proteins from apical secretory organelles called micronemes.
      
Two I-like R factors, R56 and R64 are able to interfere with the lytic cycle of phage λ (in liberation of phage by lysogens or newly infected cells) by a different mechanism.
      
When the cell is simultaneously infected with the phage and prophage, the decision of the phage whether to enter the lytic cycle (in im- cells) or not (in nonlysogens) is always epistatic to that of the prophage.
      
During the third phase, up to 25 minutes after induction, the rate of transcription rises slowly, followed by a very rapid increase in the final phase, at the end of the lytic cycle.
      
After induction of a phage lytic cycle, the purA+ marker was transduced to a purA- recipient.
      
Repression of ant synthesis early in the lytic cycle of phage P22
      
Viral gene transcription proceeds from right to left on the H-strand throughout the lytic cycle.
      
Mutants of λ that are deleted for ea47, a gene of unknown function which is expressed early in the lytic cycle, are not blocked for growth.
      
Genetic crosses (mixed infection, lytic cycle) with bacteriophage P2 are known to give extremely low recombination frequencies, and these are unaffected by the recA status of the host bacterium.
      
Classical pollutants (e.g., hydrocarbon, pesticides) have been recently recognized to induce lytic cycle in lysogenic bacteria, but information on micro-pollutants is almost completely lacking.
      
Short-term experiments revealed that sunscreen supplementation induced the lytic cycle in a large fraction of total bacterial abundance (13-24% of bacteria, at low and high concentrations, respectively), whereas solar oil had a lower impact (6-9%).
      
RZ1 phage may carry out a lytic cycle only in recombination-defective mutants ofR.
      
Lytic cycle of phages studied under identical conditions showed a distinct adsorption rate (67.3-99.1%), latent period (150-300 min), rise period (60-150 min), and burst size (110-200 pfu/cell).
      
 

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