forward problem 
The forward problem is to solve the natural frequencies through a cracked structural model and the inverse problem is to quantitatively determine the crack parameters using the experimental testing frequencies.


Then, the onedimensional crack element of Bspline wavelet on the interval (BSWI) was built to solve the forward problem.


Another effect of their application is a substantial decrease in the dimensions of the modeling domain and therefore in the time required to solve the forward problem.


Direct solution by 2D and 3D finite element method on forward problem of low frequency current fields in inhomogeneous media


The paper adopts finite element method to analyze the forward problem of lowfrequency current fields in inhomogeneous media.


To assess the adiabaticity of acoustic propagation in the ocean is very important for acoustic field calculation (forward problem) and tomographic retrieving (inverse problem).


We first demonstrate the ability of the reduced basis POD formulation to capture the electromagnetic behavior in the case of the forward problem.


In particular, we establish conditions for existence and uniqueness of the forward problem and wellposedness (including method stability under numerical approximations) for the inverse problem of estimating the probability measures.


This iterative method avoids solving a full forward problem in each iteration which makes the method suitable to handle a large scale computational problem.


Thc expressions of magnetic gradients due to 3D homogeneous magnetized polyhedra are systematically derived and presented, fronr which the forward problem of magnetic gradients of an arbitrary shaped geological body is solved.


A fast 3D ray tracing method is used in forward problem, and a least squares method with variable damping is adopted in the inverse problem.


Electromagnetic tomography (EMT): Theoretical analysis of the forward problem


Exact expressions of the magnetic field distribution in a twodimensional object space were derived by analytically solving the forward problem for a particular twocomponent flow.


The method has a major impact on efficient solution of the forward problem as well as on achieving improved image resolution.


In order to investigate the ability of numerical techniques in computing seismic displacement fields, a forward problem of dislocation theory is first solved by both analytical and numerical techniques.


A volume conductor study of compound action potentials of nerves in situ: The forward problem


Mathematical models and numerical methods for the forward problem in cardiac electrophysiology


The purpose of this article is to give an overview of the forward problem of cardiac electrophysiology.


Forward problem of electrocardiography: construction of human torso models and field calculations using finite element method


The isolated problem approach for the boundary element method is applied to develop a fast and accurate numerical solution of the EEG forward problem.

