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sternocleidomastoid
The proximal limb muscles, the sternocleidomastoid and anterior tibial muscles were affected.
      
Both patients had proximal weakness, pseudohypertrophy of sternocleidomastoid.
      
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
Motoneurons of the spinal accessory nerve between C1 and C5 segments were labelled using wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) injected into the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
      
The sternocleidomastoid test: an in vivo assay to investigate botulinum toxin antibody formation in humans
      
We tested a method for detecting BT Ab which measures the BT-induced reduction in the electromyographic amplitude of the mean maximal voluntary activation (M-EMG) of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
The sternocleidomastoid test is easy to perform and produces quantitative results.
      
Short latency trigemino-sternocleidomastoid response in patients with migraine
      
Materials and methods: Short latency responses can be recorded in sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscles after stimulation of the trigeminal nerve (trigemino-cervical reflex).
      
This neural network may be the basis for the wellrecognized patterns of referred pain from the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles to the face and head.
      
In addition, several recent studies reported that both TTH and migraine are associated with referred pain from TrPs in the suboccipital, upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, temporalis, or superior oblique muscles.
      
Thirty-three infants with muscular torticollis were treated by Tuina techniques, and the size of the hardened sternocleidomastoid muscle in the affected side was B-ultrasonographically observed before and after treatment.
      
After removal of the screw, the lesion was covered by means of sternocleidomastoid myoplasty.
      
The geater displacement in corpses might be explained by detachment of sternocleidomastoid muscles, and by resection of the sternum and anterior ribs, performed for access to the heart and superior vena cava.
      
There was no apparent correlation between the side and site of the vein puncture, body length, sternocleidomastoid length, distances from the punction sites to suprasternal notch, and values of the displacements of the catheter tips in any group.
      
These discrepancies appeared to be due to 'cross-talk' from adjacent muscles, particularly from the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
The clearest responses were seen in averaged, unrectified, monopolar surface electromyographic (EMG) recordings from active sternocleidomastoid muscles after stimulation of the infraorbital nerve.
      
Responses to infraorbital stimulation did not interact with other short-latency inhibitory responses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle evoked by loud acoustic clicks or stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist.
      
With both instructions, righting responses in normal subjects commenced with electromyographic (EMG) bursts in the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) at 24.5 ms latency, which was reflected in a deceleration of the downwards head velocity.
      
In contrast, there was no correlation between the amplitudes of responses evoked by 100-dB clicks in soleus and those evoked by the same stimulus in the sternocleidomastoid.
      
 

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