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processing steps
The basic processing steps (substrate pretreatment, resist coating, exposure, resist development, and galvanic process), advantages, and disadvantages of these x-ray masks are described.
      
All processing steps are studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
      
The algorithm consists of three image processing steps.
      
Analysis and evaluation of effects of processing steps on dimensional tolerance of PIM parts
      
The temporal evolution of the MnO precipitates is followed for the different processing steps employed.
      
An expanded bed presents the possibility of protein recovery in a single step, eliminating the often costly clarification processing steps such as ultrafiltration, centrifugation, and precipitation.
      
The three main processing steps of the system are the generation of connected components, neighborhood analysis, and generation of text lines and blocks.
      
Due to inevitable measurement errors, sophisticated pre-processing steps have to be applied before further use of the satellite measurements.
      
Its application has also been extended to subsequent MO integral processing steps like MP2 or solution of the coupled-perturbed Hartree-Fock equations (CPHF).
      
Basic investigations have been carried out on the characterization of different processing steps in bond preparation using etched >amp;lt;111>amp;gt; faces of silicon wafers for the incidence of the infrared beam to a multiple internal reflection geometry.
      
The main processing steps in a powder metallurgical line are pressing and sintering.
      
In model experiments on the distribution of aflatoxin M1 in whey and curd, the influence of the different processing steps was investigated.
      
When an alkaline extraction and a favorable combination of processing steps is used, materials with special low protein and high pectin contents result.
      
The present work presents data indicating that no genetic material can be recovered after the first processing steps of soybean oil, i.e.
      
Fumaric acid contents of the samples decreased throughout the processing steps excepting evaporation.
      
Apple cell wall material was exposed to different processing steps, commonly used in the fruit and vegetable industry, such as heat and enzymatic treatment (maceration, liquefaction) as well as extraction with diluted acid.
      
In this study, the effects of various processing steps applied during apple juice processing on Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris were investigated.
      
The impregnation time was 30?min and the vacuum pressure was 100?mbar; the temperature was 25?°C during all processing steps and the solution/fruit ratio was 11:1.
      
The present results provide evidence for the parallel influence of spatial and intermodal selection mechanisms at early processing stages while later processing steps are restricted to the relevant modality.
      
Concomitant with these late carbohydrate-processing steps is the formation of stable complexes between Qa-1 and β2-microglobulin.
      
 

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