tradeoff model 
The ideal free distribution approach was consistent with the observed ranking of group sizes, whereas the tradeoff model provided mixed results.


In retrospect, the weakness of the tradeoff model is not surprising.


A tradeoff model was used to assess the overall advantage of possessing leaf hairs.


A recent model of parental provisioning (the "tradeoff model") suggests that the maximum delivery rate of food to nestlings represents a tradeoff between parental residual reproductive value and nestling survival.


Several authors have examined the shape of the pernestling feeding curves to test the tradeoff model against Lack's hypothesis.


We show that Lack's hypothesis can produce pernestling feeding curves consistent with the tradeoff model.


A system tradeoff model for processing options for household plastic waste


Convergent evolution of plant defense syndromes The rejection of the univariate tradeoff model does not mean that tradeoffs are not important.


Ideas such as the univariate tradeoff model are no longer valid.


In static versions of the tradeoff model these forces determine an optimal capital structure.


They find that pecking order theory has much greater timeseries explanatory power than a static tradeoff model.


The important observation is that both of these predictions are in contrast to those described above for the tradeoff model.


The second key prediction is that under the tradeoff model, leverage varies inversely with the rate of investment.


The resale value of the company, ceteris paribus, is lower and this will discourage high levels of debt under the tradeoff model.


Under the tradeoff model, debt or leverage increases in the profitability of the firm.

