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surgery alone
Myelography using oil-based or ionic water-soluble contrast media was a major contributing factor, and it was not possible to distinguish the prevalence of arachnoiditis probably due to surgery alone.
      
Control animals, treated with surgery alone, died of metastatic tumor growth.
      
This compares favourably with similar groups of patients who were treated with surgery alone (22/33 recurred, median recurrence time 14.8 months) or surgery plus radiation therapy (8/9 recurrences, median recurrence time 11.0 months).
      
The MST of mice treated with PS-K at various times (59.8 ~ 63.4 days) was prolonged as compared with that of mice treated by surgery alone (48.6 days).
      
The MSTs of mice with local recurrence were also found to be prolonged as compared with those of mice treated by surgery alone (54.8 ~ 67.5 days vs 49.8 days).
      
As a control, sixty two patients treated with radical surgery alone were also assessed (non-chemotherapy group).
      
In large bowel cancer, 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy regimens are superior to surgery alone, particularly in node-positive patients.
      
However, up until now, consistent and concrete evidence has not been generated either in Japan or other countries in favor of adjuvant therapy in terms of survival compared to surgery alone.
      
From the 1960s to the 1980s first mitomycin (MMC) and, later, a combination of oral fluorinated pyrimidines (o-FP) and MMC showed improved survival benefit in Japan compared to surgery alone.
      
A pooled analysis of the two preceding trials showed a borderline survival benefit for o-FP compared to surgery alone.
      
Of these, 188 received postoperative administration of oral fluoropyrimidines such as UFT and 5'-DFUR (chemotherapy group), while the other 119 patients underwent surgery alone (surgery-alone group).
      
The median time to recurrence was 4?months for cats treated with surgery alone, 19?months for the postoperative cohort, and 12?months for the intraoperative group.
      
Angiography and surgery confirmed the diagnosis in ? patients, and surgery alone in patients.
      
To overcome the inherent limitations of laparoscopic surgery, laparoscopic sonography can now be used to provide information not available during laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgery alone.
      
Surgery alone is clearly not useful in patients presenting with poorly differentiated disease or with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values exceeding 10-20?μg/ml.
      
This study demonstrates that verrucous carcinoma shows excellent treatment outcomes following surgery alone.
      
The treatment results of 21 (1972-1982) patients with craniopharyngioma are reported who were treated either by surgery alone or by surgery and radiation therapy.
      
One girl treated by surgery alone was lost to follow-up after 234 months when she, and 7 other patients in the series, had already passed the end of the period of risk for recurrence according to Collins' law.
      
Six surviving patients (2 with subependymoma and 4 with ependymoma) were treated by surgery alone and only 1, the oldest in the series, had to undergo a second operation for recurrence after 10 years.
      
The idea of treating intracranial ependymoma by surgery alone was favored by eminent neurosurgeons in the past and has recently received renewed attention.
      
 

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