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surgery alone
The majority of ependymomas so far treated by surgery alone, with relatively good success, have been supratentorial.
      
One patient with IS ependymoma was cured by surgery alone.
      
The 10- and 20-year progression-free survival rates following limited surgery and radiation therapy are superior to those achieved by primary surgery alone.
      
A 2-day-old female with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the tongue was recently treated successfully by surgery alone at the Paediatric Surgery Division of Children's Hospital, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
      
Surgery alone was performed in all and the prognosis was good - except for 1 baby who died from massive haemorrhage at the initial operation and 1 who died from the complications of prematurity.
      
Although the primary aim of this study was not to evaluate therapy, it was noted that patients primarily treated with irradiation (with or without chemotherapy) had a more favourable course than patients treated with surgery alone.
      
We compared two groups of patients: Group A: 23 were treated surgically between 1986-1988 and received HCR therapy; group B (controls) 48 were treated with surgery alone or surgery plus chemotherapy from 1980-1985.
      
In UICC stage I most patients were cured by surgery alone, local recurrence as rare, and distant metastases appear in about 10% of pT2.
      
Analysis of local recurrence rates after surgery alone for rectal cancer
      
LR rates of 10% or less can be achieved with surgery alone in expert hands.
      
Nine patients received post-operative radiotherapy and 50 matched patients were treated by surgery alone.
      
Major faecal leakage necessitating the use of a pad was recorded in 3 of the 59 patients after radiotherapy (one of whom required a permanent colostomy), but in only 5 of 50 patients after surgery alone.
      
The local re-recurrence rate was 11.8% (n = 2) with radiotherapy plus surgery, and 40.0% (n = 4) with surgery alone.
      
The estimated 5-year survival following curative re-resection was 45.6% (61.2% with radiotherapy plus surgery, 29.6% with surgery alone).
      
Both survival and local control with radiotherapy plus surgery tended to be better than with surgery alone.
      
With surgery alone the reported local failure rates in recent decades have been unacceptably high, and this is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality.
      
The comparison between patients who underwent surgery alone (n = 53) and those who had surgery plus postoperative radiation therapy showed no significant survival benefit from postoperative radiation therapy.
      
The procedures performed were surgery alone, surgery combined with radiosynovectomy and radiosynovectomy only.
      
Three of eight fistulas following surgery alone healed spontaneously; all fistulas following adjuvant radiotherapy required surgical correction.
      
Nocturia and urgency were reported more often after adjuvant radiotherapy than after surgery alone.
      
 

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