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surgery alone
Complications after preoperative high-dosage radiation of head and neck cancer are reported:1.Preoperative radiation leads to complications in 42% compared to surgery alone in 20%.
      
Radiotherapy was given to the primary tumor in 408 patients (64%), surgery and radiotherapy to 147 (23%), surgery alone to 42 (7%), other treatments to 14 (2%) and no treatment to 29 patients (4%).
      
Best survival occurred in patients treated with surgery alone (80%), was less in the group treated by surgery and radiotherapy (51 %), and decreased further in patients treated by radiotherapy alone (36%) (P >amp;lt; 0.0001).
      
Surgery alone was the most effective form of treatment, as it allowed a good outcome of all treated patients.
      
Combination therapy produced a significantly higher (P = 0.001) disease-free survival than surgery alone or radiotherapy alone.
      
T1-T2 NO oropharyngeal cancers treated with surgery alone.
      
The locoregional control provided by surgery alone on T1-T2 N0 oropharyngeal cancers is as good as radiotherapy.
      
Moreover surgery alone makes it possible to spare patients the complications and aftereffects of radiotherapy.
      
Patients underwent one of the three treatments: surgery alone for the T1 lesions, radiotherapy for tumors of T2-T3 and combined (surgery and radiotherapy) for T4 lesions.
      
In 65.4% this result had been achieved by minimally invasive primary surgery alone.
      
Kestenbaum surgery alone has an effect/dose ratio similar to recess-resect surgery for strabismus.
      
The combination of surgical, radiological and chemotherapeutic treatment is superior to surgery alone.
      
One group underwent preoperative irradiation therapy with 34.5 Gy, the other surgery alone.
      
On the contrary, the results of surgery alone in spite of all improvements seem to have reached a plateau that gives little cause for complacency.
      
In three historical control trials using regional chemotherapy, one with intraoperative radiotherapy , the survival times were improved compared with surgery alone.
      
Conclusions: Postoperative adjuvant radiochemotherapy with up-to-date protocols can be recommended for routine treatment, if the surgeon or the patient desires to improve the usually remote prognosis after surgery alone.
      
This concept will be tested against surgery alone in the ESPAC 2 trial.
      
Therapeutic studies with BCG, cyclophosphamide and surgery alone and in combination on the autochthonous mammary carcinoma of th
      
In a randomized study the effects of BCG, cyclophosphamide and surgery alone and in combination on the mammary carcinoma (induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene) of the rat were investigated.
      
Since most gastric carcinomas are diagnosed in advanced tumor stages, the number of patients to be treated curatively by surgery alone remains limited.
      
 

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