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surgery alone
These chromosomal aberrations were not only found in patients treated with chemotherapy but also in untreated patients or in patients after surgery alone.
      
Chromosome aberrations in 20 lymphocytes of 20 patients with testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) treated with surgery alone were compared with those of 20 cells from 20 healthy controls using standard G-banding technique.
      
Because microscopic implants and deep infiltration foci surrounded by fibrosis can not be treated sufficiently with endoscopic surgery alone, an individual therapeutic strategy must be adopted in each case of endometriosis and infertility.
      
There is also a controversy regarding differences in long-term outcome between patients undergoing decompressive surgery alone and those undergoing both decompression and fusion.
      
Thus, the vascular surgeon must be familiar with the broad body of literature which refers to the entire vascular system, and by no means be limited to the technical aspects of surgery alone.
      
Subsequently, the defects were randomly treated with (a) access flap surgery followed by the application of an OCHS or (b) access flap surgery alone.
      
Using a split-mouth design, 20 intrabony defects were randomly assigned to treatment with flap surgery and GTR (group 1) or with flap surgery alone (group 2).
      
In 4 patients strabismus surgery alone restored binocular single vision.
      
A series of 30 cases which underwent small incision cataract surgery alone were used as a control group.
      
When compared with patients which underwent small incision cataract surgery alone, the difference in astigmatic changes was found to be statistically not significant.
      
The disappointing results with either surgery alone and/or chemotherapy in the treatment of malignant ovarian tumours have led to an increased interest in additional treatment schedules.
      
Combined sclerotherapy with splenectomy and devascularization was significantly more effective for controlling bleeding than surgery alone.
      
Five-year survival rates, including operative deaths and unrelated diseases of the former group, were 0% for RT, 19.9% for surgery alone, 39.8% for RC, and 48.2% for AGC.
      
Such rates for the latter group were 6.8% for AGC, 13.3% for surgery alone, and 33.3% for RC.
      
Seventy-five patients had surgery alone during 1980-1984 and 38 during 1985-1990.
      
Based on these experiences, randomized trials investigating preoperative CTx versus surgery alone are clearly needed to define whether such an approach has an impact on R0 resection rates and survival of patients with LAGC.
      
Based on these results, several groups initiated prospective randomized trials comparing intraportal infusion of various regimens to surgery alone.
      
A group of 33 patients received postoperative radiation therapy and were compared to a control group of 35 patients treated by surgery alone.
      
Controlled randomized studies that compared surgery alone to adjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer were reviewed.
      
From our experience and the data collected from the literature, it appears that surgery alone is an inadequate treatment for cure in patients with pancreatic carcinoma.
      
 

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