linearity 
Effect of surfactant mixtures on electrochemical processes: An estimation by the principle of linearity of free energies


The freeenergy linearity principle can be used for interpreting the effect a mixture of surfactants of a common reaction series has on the metal corrosion, passivation, and electrodeposition currents.


The dependence of solution conductivity on the chitosan concentration begins to deviate from linearity simultaneously with an abrupt increase in the solution viscosity starting from concentrations of 2030 g l1.


A linearity between the oxidation peak current and the hymecromone concentration was obtained in the range of 3.0 × 107  2.0 × 105 mol 11 with a detection limit of 8.0 × 108 mol 11.


This new method possesses high sensitivity (detection limit is 5.0 × 108 mol l1), wide linearity (1.0 × 1072.0 × 105 mol l1), rapid response, low cost and simplicity.


Basic electrochemical characteristics of ionselective electrodes, such as linearity region and steepness of the electrode function, working pH interval, type of electrode function, and reproducibility are determined.


Deviations from linearity are due to steric hindrance decreasing the negative effect of nucleophilic solvation.


The dependence of the reaction rate on the oxidant concentration is characterized by negative deviations from linearity.


Deviationsfrom the linearity of the Br?nsted relationship are explained using a corrected scale of pKacor in combination with the concept of hard and soft acids and bases.


The experimentally observed deviation from the linearity of the Br?nsted relationship is in this case also attributable to the nonuniformity of the interactions.


Deviations of the Br?nsted plot from linearity for the reactions of hexafluorobenzene with aryland diarylamines Nanions may be due to the difference in internal barriers of these reactions.


The consideration is based on approximation of the linearity of the magnetic properties of a ferromagnet.


The region of linearity of the direct magnetostatic problem with respect to the boundary amplitude is established.


The model takes into account the diffusion mechanism of ion exchange, the linearity of the sorption isotherm, and the longitudinal dispersion in the flowing solution.


The linearity of the vibratory system is used as the a priori information for presetting the functional dependences of the model.


A statistical description of the nonlinearity of photon counts


The behavior of the nonPoisson coefficient as a function of the nonlinearity is discussed.


Pulse compression is based on the collapse of electromagnetic waves in transparent dielectrics with electronic nonlinearity.


It is shown that new data on the (JPC=2++) resonances in the mass range M～17002400 MeV support the linearity of the (n, M2) trajectories, where n is the radial quantum number of the quarkantiquark state.


Microscopically, they are related to the basic properties of gyrotropic systems, namely, to linearity in the wave vector terms in the matrix element of electron scattering and in the energy spectrum.

