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cholecystectomy
When feasible, surgical treatment should consist of cholecystectomy and complete surgical excision of extrahepatic cysts with Roux-en-Y reconstruction.
      
Benign biliary strictures are most commonly postoperative, a consequence of injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy or fibrosis after biliary duct-to-duct or bilioenteric anastomoses (ie, liver transplantation).
      
An ejection fraction of less than 40% is considered abnormal, and patients should be referred for cholecystectomy.
      
Patients typically have had a prior cholecystectomy and present with episodic biliary pain.
      
Gallstone patients with ABCB4 mutations may have low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis syndrome, characterized by cholesterol gallstones and intrahepatic microlithiasis, along with recurrent biliary symptoms, despite cholecystectomy.
      
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the best definitive therapy for symptomatic gallstone disease.
      
Most studies report use of cholecystokinin-cholescintigraphy (CCK-CS) with calculation of gallbladder ejection fraction in predicting symptom outcome after cholecystectomy in patients with suspected gallbladder dyskinesia.
      
Based on our clinical experience and interpretation of the literature, we currently suggest consideration of cholecystectomy to our patients based on high clinical suspicion.
      
Anesthetized dogs underwent cholecystectomy and cannulation of the pancreatic duct, thoracic, duct, and portal vein.
      
Risk of Pancreatic and Periampullary Cancer Following Cholecystectomy
      
Aims: Cholecystectomy has been reported by several investigators to increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.
      
The trophic effect on the gland by increased release of cholecystokinin following cholecystectomy and perturbation of the neurohormonal pancreatic regulation, have been suggested as possible contributing factors.
      
Unlike laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopic appendectomy (LAE) has not yet become popular.
      
We report on 40 cases with postoperative bile leakage after cholecystectomy treated by a nasobiliary tube.
      
The real incidence of venous thromboembolism in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains unclear.
      
Our results prove that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is also very successful in cases of acute cholecystitis, though a long learning curve has to be expected.
      
After a laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed for acute cholcystitis, there was herniation and secondary incarceration of a bowel segment into the preexistent diaphragmatic hernia.
      
As laparoscopic cholecystectomy becomes more established, interest in legal aspects increases.
      
The main reasons for the acceptance of a case as malpractice were delay in changing to conventional cholecystectomy, delayed revision, laparoscopic revisions and not reverting to conventional cholecystectomy in unclear situations.
      
A total of 140 patients underwent outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy in an outpatient clinic.
      
 

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