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vertical coordination
Operative controlling in hospitals aims at horizontal and vertical coordination of subunits and decentralisation of process regulations.
      
The challenge for export managers is to identify the important transaction costs and to find the vertical coordination mechanism which minimises transaction costs given the new importing regime.
      
Collectivist values for learning in organizational relationships in China: the role of trust and vertical coordination
      
Results from 103 pairs of customer and supplier organizations in China indicate that trust and vertical coordination are useful ways to characterize this integrative interaction and together they promote learning.
      
Contracts and vertical coordination provided an efficient means of organizing markets by reducing these transaction costs.
      
Consider the model of processing impact on the outcome of vertical coordination.
      
Chapter 2 presents a short review of integration, vertical coordination concepts, vertical coordination theories and contract farming.
      
Casual vertical coordination no longer provides a velop partnerships between segments.
      
Efficient vertical coordination provides processing companies with improved position on the market.
      
Finally, the author suggests the necessity of a fiscal institutional reform, which allows an efficient and responsible vertical coordination.
      
Higher uncertainty leads to higher transaction costs and, consequently, to the need of a stronger vertical coordination within the supply chain.
      
It also requires vertical coordination among agencies across multiple jurisdictional levels as the event escalates in impact and danger.
      
Integration and Vertical Coordination Primitive agriculture was a fully integrated system.
      
In order to obtain close vertical coordination continuous face-to face interaction and therefore geographical proximity was necessary.
      
In a first part the different degrees of vertical coordination needed by the ATO's, for an efficient supply chain management was assessed.
      
In recent years, they have been characterised by increasing vertical coordination.
      
In this study, first, vertical coordination theory is briefly reviewed focusing on contract farming.
      
In this study, first, I review current vertical coordination theories focusing on the theoretical background of contract farming.
      
In other words, in advanced agriculture, there is a strong tendency toward close vertical coordination.
      
In other words, the theories presented here reflect different facets of the vertical coordination and can be thought of as complementary.
      
 

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