mass flux 
Due to the assumptions made, the analysis provides idealized values for the thrustaugmentation ratio and the mass flux entrainment factor.


A comparison is also made between the thrust generated by long, continuous jets and jet events constructed from a periodic series of short pulses having the same total mass flux.


A variant on the w* closure for the shallowcumulus mass flux is applied that retains the convective areafraction in its formulation.


Due to the strong sensitivity of the mass flux to the area fraction, the latter thus acts as a regulator or valve mechanism on moist convective transport.


LES characteristics of convective mass flux, cloud fraction, humidity variance, cloudbase height, and surface fluxes of heat and humidity are reproduced.


Particularly striking is the smooth onset of the convective areafraction and mass flux along the tradewind trajectory that is reproduced, from zero to typical tradewind values.


Finally, the mass flux model is implemented in an intermediatecomplexity tropical climate model to study its behavior when fully interactive with the largerscale flow.


For determing pressure coefficients and Stanton numbers from the measured surface pressures and heat fluxes at a model surface, the dynamic pressure, mass flux and the total enthalpy of the free stream have to be known.


A simple entrainment model is used to estimate droplet streamlines, velocity and mass flux in rocket exhaust plumes.


Since droplet mass flux constitutes only about 1% of the exhaust mass flux, the effect of droplet entrainment on the gas flow is neglected.


The computed distribution of droplet mass flux is found to be in good agreement with experimental data.


Moreover, we are able to analyze precisely the influence of a spanwise pressure gradient and the associated spanwise mass flux.


It is shown that, in the limit of particle sizes tending to zero, both the mass density and the mass flux density and the entropy density and the entropy flux density converge in the weak sense and satisfy the corresponding conservation laws.


Emission intensities in function of cathode fall indicate a potential barrier in the sputtered mass flux.


The measurements are interpreted using a basic model of mass flux including the influence of Joule heating.


It is shown that by treating the mass flux entering the equation of conservation of mass as a constitutive equation, the drying equation may be modified.


Recalculation of fecal pellet mass flux estimates from the literature, using our sinking rate data for natural small copepod pellets, yielded estimates about half those of previously published values.


The life history and the recorded production are considered in respect to both the dynamics and levels of primary production and the total mass flux in the respective study areas.


We propose that measurement of sinking velocities of a portion of the fecal pellets might guide in choosing an appropriate equation to be used for a reasonable interpretation of vertical mass flux.


The film theory by Ackermann can be applied to simultaneous heat and mass transfer processes, if the mass flux normal to the wall is induced by diffusion.

