gradient index 
Finally, a special case is considered and the effect of the material gradient index on the elastic field is illustrated numerically.


For given value of end rotation angles, the influence of gradient index on the thermal postbuckling behaviors of FGM rod was discussed.


Robust optimization using a gradient index: MEMS applications


The proposed formulation improves robustness of the objective function by minimizing a gradient index (GI), defined as a function of gradients of performance functions with respect to uncertain variables.


The level of constraint feasibility is also enhanced by adding a term determined by a constraint value and the gradient index.


To perform evanescent field absorbance (EFA) measurements, the arcshaped strip waveguide structure of 172?mm interaction length was adapted to a tungstenhalogen lamp and an InGaAs diode array spectrograph over gradient index fibers.


Radiation equilibrium temperature field in a gradient index medium with specular surfaces


The radiation equilibrium temperature field in a gradient index semitransparent absorbingemitting gray medium is analyzed.


The results display the significant influences of gradient index on radiation transfer and the temperature distribution.


A novel method for preparing gradient index (GI) plastic rods


The initiator diffusion technique was used in this study to prepare the gradient index(GI) plastic rods, in which two kinds of initiators were used, i.e., thermal initiator and redox initiator.


The tropical Atlantic meridional SST gradient index and its relationships with the SOI, NAO and Southern Ocean


A zonal temperature anomaly gradient index (ZTAGI) defined between eastern equatorial Pacific and western equatorial Pacific shows stable significant inverse relationship with NEMR


The microscope, based on gradient index optics, has a maximum resolution of 440 nm at the wavelength of 650 nm.


The nonlinear dynamical stabilization of pspulses in gradient index optical fibres


The new possibilities of controlled nonlinear evaluation of short pulses in gradient index optical fibres, connected with the fundamental and higher modes of the fibre geometry and with the pulse envelope are analysed.


Secondary bistable solitons in nonlinear gradient index media


Secondary bistable solitons have been calculated for a nonlinear optical inhomogeneous medium with parabolic gradient index and quadratic intensitydependent refractive index change.


Inverse method for the reconstruction of refractive index profile and power management in gradient index optical waveguides


An implementation of the gradient index behaviour into the ray trace should lead to more precise results of the ray trace.

