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pathogen transmission
However, by consuming conspecifics, predators may risk decreasing their inclusive fitness by consuming kin or increasing the chances of pathogen transmission.
      
Consistent with the attendant risk of pathogen transmission, meat has special salience as a stimulus for humans, as animal products are stronger elicitors of disgust and aversion than plant products.
      
The risk of disease acquisition depends on factors including the virulence of the causative organism, the mode of pathogen transmission, and the immune competency of the exposed individual.
      
New strategies that include application of novel technologies to the problem of pathogen transmission are needed, and additional research is needed to clarify the potential utility of selective decontamination of the digestive tract.
      
Allogrooming increased survivorship in chronically challenged colonies but also increased pathogen transmission rates under conditions of periodic exposure.
      
Both the host colonization and pathogen transmission processes are assumed to be restricted to act between the nearest neighbor sites.
      
Brucellosis, botflies, and brainworms: the impact of edge habitats on pathogen transmission and species extinction
      
The primary sort of interaction described by the models is competition mediated by pathogen transmission.
      
Effects of phenotypic plasticity on pathogen transmission in the field in a Lepidoptera-NPV system
      
onopordi induced systemic rust infections of thistle shoots in the season after they were attacked by the weevil, indicating that insect oviposition is a crucial stage in pathogen transmission.
      
We explored the effects of network structure on pathogen transmission in naturally and artificially infected hives.
      
With foresight and planning, most of these systems can be appropriately managed to control vector populations and pathogen transmission.
      
The key to disease control is developing an understanding of the contribution of human landscape modification to vector-borne pathogen transmission and how a balance may be achieved between human development, public health, and responsible land use.
      
Ticks Feeding on Humans: A Review of Records on Human-Biting Ixodoidea with Special Reference to Pathogen Transmission
      
Since host immune reaction to ticks interferes with tick-borne pathogen transmission, it is important to recognize naturally occurring tick-host immune relationships to better understand the epidemiology of such infectious diseases.
      
Ixodes ricinus, as vector, and small mammals, as reservoirs, are implicated in pathogen transmission between wild fauna, domestic animals and humans at the woodland-pasture interface.
      
Both soil inocula gave significant reductions in pathogen transmission from seeds to seedlings compared to the untreated control.
      
Nuisance odors, the potential of pathogen transmission, and presence of toxic and persistent organic chemicals and metals in biosolids have for the most part limited the use of land applications.
      
pararicinus is a member of the ricinus complex, which contains the main vectors of Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato), there are few studies concerning its potential for pathogen transmission.
      
As human population density continues to increase exponentially, speeding the reduction and fragmentation of primate habitats, greater human-primate contact is inevitable and even higher rates of pathogen transmission are likely.
      
 

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