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living standards
It must not be overlooked, however, that, due to the still prevalent differences in living standards, in income ratios and in administrative structures, the process of economic approximation is also not without risks.
      
There will probably be insufficient wood to satisfy rapidly growing populations with higher living standards in (particularly) India and China.
      
The Seleucid period is revealed as one of high prosperity, building on a previous advance, but it was followed by a fall in living standards during the first century of Parthian rule.
      
Contrary to the hopes created by globalization, most observers report a substantial degradation of living standards, social protection, and basic social services, such as education, employment and health.
      
It shows that, paradoxically, in the smallest and most remote nations the negative impacts of globalization are felt most strongly in urban areas where living standards might appear to be highest.
      
Correspondingly, the concern with the adverse consequences of unfunded social insurance wealth for the supply of national saving, capital intensity, and living standards remains well founded.
      
Production and trade in oil crops has expanded in response to an increasing world population and improved living standards.
      
According to the national plan, the main goal in the coming decade is: by constantly improving economic structure, economic quality and efficiency, to double the gross national product (GNP), and to raise living standards to a satisfactory level.
      
Further improvement in health care will depend to a great deal on improvement in living standards and a lessening of population pressure.
      
However, even substantial mobility among the poor in the Unites States could not elevate the living standards of one in seven white and two in five black families to a level that was half that enjoyed by a typical American family.
      
Emigration and living standards in Ireland since the Famine
      
The paper surveys the recent cliometric literature on post-Famine emigration and its effects on Irish living standards.
      
The conclusions are that the Famine played a significant role in unleashing the subsequent emigration; and that emigration was crucial for the impressive increase in Irish living standards which took place during the next 100 years.
      
The analysis is based on the Peru 1991 Living Standards Survey.
      
This paper examines whether, in the absence of information on household income or consumption, data on household infrastructure, building materials, and ownership of certain durable assets can be used to measure inequality in living standards.
      
Mexican data is used to show that the inequality methods provided do provide reasonable proxies for inequalities in living standards.
      
Data are from the Vietnam Living Standards Survey, 1992-93 and 1997-98.
      
These measures would assist greatly in assessing the ultimate impact of energy and raw material prices on labour productivity, and hence on living standards.
      
Often it is maintained that democracy is a luxury which comes at a price in terms of subsequent slower increases in national living standards.
      
Incomes are transformed to equivalent incomes interpreted as living standards and measured for a reference type, and the latter are supplemented by weights depending on needs.
      
 

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