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traps
The results indicate that the original number of OSL traps that have captured electroncs is linearly related with the sum of TL decay during the OSL process.
      
Pool elements, such as preservation conditions, traps and migration paths, and reservoir rocks and facies, also served as important control factors to marine gas pools in South China.
      
We have used a direct method for free radical detection, EPR of spin trapping, and the following spin traps: N-tert-butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN) and α-(4-pyridyl-1-oxyl)-N-tert-butylnitrone (4-POBN).
      
The study of the rate of generation by pea mitochondria using EPR spin traps and epinephrine oxidation showed that H2O2 accumulation can be accounted for by a significant increase in the rate of production.
      
Local Radiation Belts of the Sun (Quasi-Stationary Coronal and Heliospheric Giant Traps for Solar Cosmic Rays)
      
The local radiation belts of the Sun are defined as giant quasi-stationary coronal and heliospheric traps for solar cosmic rays.
      
These traps are formed by loop magnetic fields, both solar and interplanetary.
      
The numerical values of several physical parameters (the parameters of distribution of solar cosmic ray (SCR) particles inside heliosphere traps, the coefficients of trap transparency) that are not observed by direct measurements are estimated.
      
It has been established that, in this event, the transport of SCR particles in the interplanetary space was mainly carried out in the traps made up by the fronts of radially moving flare disturbances.
      
The traps are treated as a new hydrodynamic phase, and the trapping process as a phase transition.
      
Only the RE3+ ions (for example, Dy3+ and Nd3+), which have suitable optical electronegativity, can form suitable electron traps and effectively improve the persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4: Eu2+.
      
The amplitude of the components and the ratio between the slow τs and fast τf components depended on the sodium thiosulfate concentration, which was due to the formation of an additional number of "new" electron traps in AgCl.
      
An analysis of the kinetics in terms of models taking into account various types of decay of an excess electron made it possible to obtain data on the depth of both "old" traps (0.45 eV) and new STS-created traps (0.45-0.63 eV) in AgCl.
      
The appearance of this flash is due to the generation of deep electron traps by sulfur-gold sensitization.
      
The range of the depth of traps formed by treatment with aqueous solutions of sodium thiosulfate in AgCl (0.45-0.63 eV) and by preliminary exposure of AgCl and AgBr grains (0.4 and 0.25-0.36 eV, respectively) was estimated.
      
According to the data of [1, 2], an external electric field initiates the process of boiling up of liquid, with the growth of vapor bubbles to the departure size occurs mainly in regions with low values of electric field (in field traps).
      
The Heating of Electrons in Magnetic Traps of Low-Pressure Electron-Cyclotron-Resonance Microwave-Frequency Reactors
      
Methods are analyzed of maintaining plasma in low-pressure electron-cyclotron-resonance reactors in which the ionization is caused by fast electrons blocked in traps developed by permanent magnets.
      
The problem is treated of sustaining plasma in low-pressure electron-cyclotron-resonance plasma reactors in which the main source of ionization is provided by fast electrons blocked in magnetic traps of multipolar magnet systems.
      
It is demonstrated that the main factor defining the electron loss in magnetic traps in the collisionless limit is the departure of fast electrons from magnetic traps to the boundaries of the structure among other things.
      
 

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