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staghorn calculi
In patients with staghorn calculi, 58% of patients had an infected pre-operative M.S.S.U., and 82.5% of removed calculi demonstrated significant bacterial growth, with Proteus mirabilis being the predominant organism isolated.
      
Increased stone burden, multiple stones, staghorn calculi, narrow lower infundibulopelvic angle and long lower infundibulum are factors that adversely affect the clearance rate.
      
Large staghorn calculi were present in 2 of the 5 false negative cases.
      
Results for staghorn calculi comparable to anatrophic nephrolithotomy with lowered morbidity may be achieved with PCNL followed by ESWL.
      
Combined percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for struvite staghorn calculi
      
A group of patients with struvite staghorn calculi were treated by combining percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy (PUL) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
      
Differentiated approach to staghorn calculi using extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephro-lithotomy: an a
      
From January 1984 to June 1986, 151 patients with partial or complete staghorn calculi were treated at our department either by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous nephro-lithotomy (PCN) or a combination of both techniques.
      
We wished to evaluate the role and feasibility of laparoscopic extended pyelolithotomy (REP) for treatment of staghorn calculi.
      
Thirteen patients underwent REP for treatment of staghorn calculi over a 12-day period.
      
REP is an effective treatment alternative to PCNL in some patients with staghorn calculi.
      
Four patients with residual calculi following ESWL have a decreased volume of stone and 2 patients with staghorn calculi treated by PCNL have peripheral fragments only (1 bilateral).
      
We describe such a tumour in a 41-year-old man, who presented with gross haematuria and recurrent pyelonephritis caused by staghorn calculi within a horseshoe kidney.
      
Open surgery is still the treatment of choice for large staghorn calculi.
      
the use of intra-operative ultrasound and Doppler sonography have even made possible the removal of complete staghorn calculi in short and kidney-preserving procedures.
      
Staghorn calculi occurred in 29 patients, or 14.2%; 27 of these had recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI).
      
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has replaced open pyelolithotomy as the procedure of choice for treating large-burden renal stone disease, especially staghorn calculi.
      
Use of a snare wire to perform nephrostomy access in the presence of obstructive staghorn calculi
      
Organ-saving surgical treatment of renal staghorn calculi
      
In a period of 6 to 74 months, 25% of recurrent staghorn calculi and 7.7% of recurrent calyx lithiasis were detected, a total average of 16% of renal stone recurrences.
      
 

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