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This article examines whether border municipalities are more financially dependent on central authorities due to the high demand for public services in their jurisdictions and their inability to obtain sufficient funding.
      
During their attempts at stabilization, the central authorities in a federal system often face the prospect of lack of co-operation by junior levels of government.
      
Relatively extreme assumptions about discretionary nonco-operation by junior jurisdictions are needed to conclude stabilization by the central authorities would not work at all simply because of this lack of co-operation.
      
The whole procedure is based on the active involvement of local and central authorities in order to incorporate their concerns and preferences, as well as to secure the adoption and implementation of the resulting solution.
      
For these reforms to be effective and enormous enlargement of democratic processes is required, accompanied by a reduction in power of the central authorities, and by an increase in the financial and intellectual investment in education.
      
Big Change Question Do Local Central Authorities (Lcas) Make A Difference In School Reform
      
Big Change Question Do Local Central Authorities (Lcas) Make A Difference In School Reform
      
There is a trend to more home health care, but this is hampered by splitting of responsibilities of local, departmental or central authorities.
      
In addition, some problems remain in administrative structures, such as five central authorities instead of one.
      
It points to the frustrations that educators are likely to encounter in situations where central authorities attempt to curtail teachers' autonomy through stricter administrative control.
      
Commercialization of agriculture and the development of strong central authorities are not wholly deleterious to peasant society.
      
The institutional framework is a federal system, in which local authorities are responsible for the supply of public services and the financing of these services, and where the central authorities are in charge of income redistribution.
      
Yet, decentralisation has proved to be difficult because of its complexities and resistance from central authorities reluctant to relinquish control.
      
After two wars, however, the central authorities have regained control over it in 1999.
      
Although the effects of urban growth are felt locally, directives come from central authorities.
      
At its most basic, it prevented central authorities from compelling actions, including the closing of schools and consolidation of districts.
      
But if central authorities are united, they can crush local resistance.
      
But central authorities soon found they could hardly stem the tide of information; they thus sought to direct that tide.
      
But central authorities still have to recognize that namespace in order for others to find it.
      
Central authorities also get to directly appoint heads of SEZs.
      
 

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