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psychological dependence
Physiological Mechanisms of the Effectiveness of Bilateral Stereotactic Cingulotomy against Strong Psychological Dependence in D
      
It is now generally believed that psychological dependence in drug addicts is determined not only socially, but also physiologically.
      
The neurochemistry of the psychological dependence syndrome in addictive diseases of chemical etiology
      
The syndrome of psychological dependence on psychoactive substances (SPD) is the most important element in the pathogenesis of the addictive diseases (narcoticism and alcoholism).
      
Although they are generally feared because of their potential for abuse, diversion, and psychological dependence, little attention is given to their neuroendocrine consequences.
      
Narcotics and benzodiazepines should not be used to treat chronic abdominal pain due to the high risk of physical and psychological dependence.
      
We have reported that ginseng total saponin (GTS) inhibited the development of physical and psychological dependence on morphine.
      
Patients could develop a psychological dependence to high-frequency jet ventilation, leading to weaning problems.
      
Conditioned place preference (CPP) test and behavioral sensitization of locomotor activity were used to investigate the drug-seeking related behaviors, which were in correlation with psychological dependence.
      
Based on our results, it is speculated that DM may effectively attenuate morphine-induced psychological dependence.
      
Psychological dependence on the effects of a drug occurs when a naive monkey voluntarily initiates and maintains self-administration of the drug.
      
If, in addition to psychological dependence, the drug also produces psychotoxicity, either directly or upon abrupt withdrawal, it has a potential abuse liability.
      
Rationale: Psychological dependence to the opioid analgesic morphine is attributable to the rewarding properties of the drug, and its evolution can be divided into two distinct phases: development and maintenance.
      
Psychological dependence does not occur in patients receiving opioids for pain relief.
      
The caregivers showed an aggressive behaviour as reaction to the persistent psychological dependence of the patients.
      
Optimal federalism: A model of psychological dependence
      
Increased size, scope, and visibility of government may strengthen relations of psychological dependence, an unintended aggregate effect of liberal programs.
      
Addiction is usually taken to mean a state of physiologic and psychological dependence, but the word is too imprecise to be useful.
      
According to Health Canada, methamphetamine can produce a powerful psychological dependence.
      
Although cannabis is definitely not addictive, psychological dependence may often result from continual use of the drug.
      
 

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