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lateral gastrocnemius
In order to investigate the pathological basis of muscle hypertrophy in Duchenne dystrophy, 9 biopsy specimens of the lateral gastrocnemius and 7 of the vastus lateralis were compared.
      
Cross-union of the medial gastrocnemius and lateral gastrocnemius-soleus nerves has been performed in 5-8 day old kittens and the effect of this procedure on Ia connections to α-motoneurons has been investigated in the adult about one year later.
      
Compartmentalization of single muscle units in cat lateral gastrocnemius
      
The distribution of muscle fibers in single muscle units in cat lateral gastrocnemius (LG) muscle was analyzed using the method of glycogen depletion.
      
Both plantar flexion rotation and headward translation activated the posterior hindlimb synergy (which included gluteus medius, semitendinosus and lateral gastrocnemius).
      
The tonic vibration reflex evoked in the vibrated medial gastrocnemius muscle was compared with that induced simultaneously in an unvibrated close Synergist, the lateral gastrocnemius muscle, in the unanesthetized decerebrated cat.
      
Comparable differences in reflex responses arose when the lateral gastrocnemius was directly vibrated, and the medial gastrocnemius served as the unvibrated synergist.
      
Surface EMG was recorded from the right tibialis anterior, lateral gastrocnemius, anterior deltoid and posterior deltoid muscles when pushing or pulling on a stiff handle.
      
We recorded EMG activity from lateral gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles in awake, behaving cats while they stood on an hydraulic posture platform.
      
The discharge rates of 13 afferent units from the soleus or lateral gastrocnemius muscles were evaluated in response to stretch.
      
Tonic postsynaptic inhibition was induced in the Soleus moto-neuron pool by repetitive antidromic stimulation of the Lateral Gastrocnemius (LG) and Medial Gastrocnemius (MG) nerves at a rate of 17-47 stimuli/s.
      
Only three inhibitory responses (9-12 ms earliest latency) were encountered in total: in two St ENGs of one animal and in one lateral gastrocnemius-soleus ENG of a different animal.
      
Finally, among medial gastrocnemius, lateral gastrocnemius and soleus nerves, excitatory responses due to stimulation of any particular cutaneous nerve tended to be modulated similarly but were of consistently different amplitude among the three.
      
The motor pools were identified by retrograde labeling with horseradish peroxidase or fluorophore-conjugated dextran amines, which were injected into the soleus, tibialis anterior, lateral gastrocnemius, or abductor digiti minimi muscles.
      
Group I afferents in nerves innervating the lateral gastrocnemius-soleus (LG-Sol), plantaris (P1), and vastus lateralis/intermedius (VL/VI) muscles were stimulated during walking in decerebrate cats.
      
The muscles recorded from were: extensor digitorum longus (EDL), peroneus longus (PL), tibialis anterior (TA), lateral gastrocnemius (LG) and soleus (SOL).
      
Antidromically conducted responses produced in single muscle afferents by stimulation at these two spinal levels were recorded from fine lateral gastrocnemius nerve filaments.
      
The amplitude of electromyogram in the lateral gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles was marginal and unaltered with knee position.
      
The effects of self-reinnervation of cat medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles on hindlimb kinematics in slope walking
      
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of self-reinnervation of the medial (MG) and lateral gastrocnemius (LG) muscles on joint kinematics of the whole hindlimb during overground walking on surfaces of varying slope in the cat.
      
 

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