 equation 
The SpalartAllmaras oneequation turbulence model is used.


In this paper, a method where a dynamic equation of intermittency combining with a twoequation kω turbulence model is described.


Assessment of linear and nonlinear twoequation turbulence models for aerothermal turbomachinery flows


Three linear twoequation turbulence models k  ε, k  ω and k  1 and a nonlinear k  1 model are used for aerodynamic and thermal turbine flow prediction.


The rateequation approach is used to describe sequential tunneling through a molecular junction in the Coulomb blockade regime.


Rateequation calculations of the current flow through twosite molecular device and DNAbased junction


Here we present the calculations of incoherent current flowing through the twosite molecular device as well as the DNAbased junction within the rateequation approach.


In addition, thek∈ twoequation model and the FluctuationSpectrumRandomTrajectory Model (FSRT Model) are used to simulate the flow field and heat transfer of the gasphase and the solidphase, respectively.


Rateequationbased VCSEL thermal model and simulation


In this paper, we present a simple thermal model of VerticalCavity SurfaceEmitting Laser (VCSEL) lightcurrent (LI) characteristics based on the rateequation.


starting from the Golayequation, extended to situations of appreciable pressure drop by Giddings.


A rigorous fullwave double vectorintegralequation method is used to determine the properties of microstrip dipoles including antenna gain, radiation patterns, and input impedance.


To understand the gas flow distribution in the flue, NavierStokes equation with "κε" twoequation turbulence model was adopted and the simulation on the gas flow was performed.


Mathematical geophone (MG) and equaltime stacking (ETS) principles are used to implement seismic prestack forward modeling with irregular surfaces using the oneway acoustic waveequation.


An accurate and wideangle oneway propagator for wavefield extrapolation is an important topic for research on waveequation prestack depth migration in the presence of large and rapid velocity variations.


Adopting a description by means of birth and death processes we establish the masterequation, and proceed to the FokkerPlanck equation.


Solution of the Pauliequation for neutrons in varying magnetic fields and its application to reflection and transmission at hel


For the case of helical fields the general solution of the Pauliequation is given.


A kinetic Gaussian model is formulated using a masterequation description similar to the kinetic Ising model.


Starting from the FokkerPlanckequation for the model and using an appropriate series expansion for the probability density, solutions for the frequency dependent conductivity are given.

