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intravesical
Finally, intravesical lignocaine retained in the bladder for 15 min did not influence the BP response to cold receptor stimulation in patients with spinal cord disease and DH.
      
The latter were divided into five groups according to type of irrigation fluid (glycine 1.5%, sorbitol 2.7%, mannitol 0.54%, and H2O), fluid temperature, and intravesical pressure during irrigation.
      
This study suggests that high intravesical pressure during transurethral surgery might enhance bacterial adherence to urothelium and thereby increase the risk of manifest infection in the postoperative course.
      
A case of BCG sepsis with bone marrow and liver involvement after intravesical BCG instillation
      
The case described concerns a 68-year-old male patient, who received intravesical BCG instillations for non-resectable urothelial carcinoma (stage pT1, G2).
      
This case shows the potential of a life-threatening systemic side effect after intravesical BCG instillation.
      
The histopathological effects on rats of ultracaine, lidocaine, and bupivacaine after intravesical application
      
An intravesical catheter was inserted and 1 ml saline (control group) or the drugs 2% ultracaine in group 2, 2% lidocaine in group 3 and 0.5% bupivacaine in group 4 were administered intravesically.
      
It could as possibly prove to be an effective intravesical treatment agent for superficial bladder cancer.
      
Intravesical instillation therapy can provide an alternative method of managing bladder overactivity.
      
Intravesical instillation of anticholinergics such as oxybutynin and atropine can achieve cholinergic blockade without producing systemic side effects.
      
Intravesical local anesthetics such as lidocaine and bupivacaine block the conduction of unmyelinated C fibers and when administered into the bladder, lead to an increase in functional bladder capacity.
      
Intravesical capsaicin and resiniferatoxin also affect afferent innervation by blocking C-fiber afferents, leading to decreased bladder contractility and increased bladder capacity.
      
Intravesical instillation therapy can provide an alternative treatment for the management of overactive bladder.
      
Intravesical AmB is a time-honored approach, but is best employed diagnostically rather than therapeutically.
      
For superficial disease, intravesical instillation of chemotherapeutic agents after transurethral resection is quickly becoming the standard of care.
      
Many clinical criteria for the diagnosis of IC, such as the presence of glomerulations and the intravesical potassium chloride test, are being challenged.
      
Both the oral and intravesical treatments of IC are noncurative, and few are based on a plausible mechanism or scientific evidence.
      
These alternate paths include extended-release oral, cutaneous, intravesical, and intravaginal routes.
      
Intravesical instillation therapy can provide an alternative method of managing bladder overactivity.
      
 

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