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sternocleidomastoid muscle
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
We tested a method for detecting BT Ab which measures the BT-induced reduction in the electromyographic amplitude of the mean maximal voluntary activation (M-EMG) of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Thirty-three infants with muscular torticollis were treated by Tuina techniques, and the size of the hardened sternocleidomastoid muscle in the affected side was B-ultrasonographically observed before and after treatment.
      
These discrepancies appeared to be due to 'cross-talk' from adjacent muscles, particularly from the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Responses to infraorbital stimulation did not interact with other short-latency inhibitory responses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle evoked by loud acoustic clicks or stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist.
      
For the duration of the experiment, startle response electromyographic (EMG) activity continued to be produced in the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) indicating that habituation was not complete after 20 startle trials.
      
A flap composed of the clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle attached to periosteum and a thin curved bone disc from the medial part of the clavicle was used to provide supporting tissue for reconstruction of the upper trachea.
      
They occur occasionally on the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the soft tissues of the neck.
      
Plastic surgical treatment of a chronic thoracic duct fistula using a sternocleidomastoid muscle flap - a case report
      
The divided duct was ligated and the area was covered with the clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Most of the fat was taken off the platysma muscle up to the external jugular vein, where this crosses the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
It is postulated that sternoclavicular joint hypertrophy is a result of a combination of spinal accessory nerve division and sternocleidomastoid muscle resection during radical neck dissection.
      
However, we noticed that sternoclavicular joint hypertrophy can occur following functional neck dissection with preservation of the spinal accessory nerve, the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the internal jugular vein.
      
Anatomical landmarks such as the mastoid tip, the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the styloid process, the posterior facial vein, the internal jugular vein, and the external carotid artery can easily be identified in relationship to the parotid.
      
Two patients with fibromatosis colli (congenital torticollis) presented with lytic lesions in the clavicle at the insertion of the fibrosed clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
A recurrent infection of the left cervical area dorsal to the sternocleidomastoid muscle with actinomycosis in a 6-year-old girl is presented.
      
Both children presented with an atraumatic, painless, enlarging mass in the left side of the neck anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Surgical excision was accomplished by dissection of the cystic masses from the jugular vein, carotid artery and vagus nerve and from the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
The course of an operation serves to demonstrate the danger of closed subcutaneous tenotomy of the lower insertion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle from the sternal and clavicular part thereof.
      
Owing to the small distances, in the case of a baby, between the venter of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the vessels behind it, the latter may be damaged, despite all precautions.
      
 

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