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ancient chinese science and technology
    The Course and Mechanism of Knowledge Inheritance of Ancient Chinese Science and Technology
    中国古代科技知识传承的途径和机制
    Review and thoughts of rise and decline of ancient Chinese science and technology
    中国古代科技由盛转衰的回顾与思考
    A Wrong Read as "An Antecedent Rich" History of the Ancient Chinese Science and Technology: With a Parenthetical Discussion on the Problem about the Premise of the "Puzzle of Joseph Needaham"
    被误读为“先前阔”的中国古代科技史——兼论“李约瑟难题”的推理前提问题
    Mohism aimed not only at developing pure theories,the departure and order of Mohist 'study was "developing advantages and eliminating disadvantages for the word." Mohist enriched and developed the ancient Chinese science and technology,and affected many famous ancient scientists .
    墨家丰富和发展了中国古代科技思想,并影响了一批著名的古代科学家。 墨家科技思想主要体现在《墨经》中,其中涉及力学、光学、几何学等,又涉及到生理学、心理学各个领域,研究范围之广泛,理论之先进当与同时代古希腊科学处于相当水平。
    (2) Daoism's alchemy practice for a long time involved in much knowledge such as chemistry, biology, medicine and pharmacy, and left precious wealth to the ancient chinese science and technology. But due to lack of the entire process, hypothesis-testing-conclusion, of the Western experimental science, Daoist's alchemy did not ascend to geniune level of science and technology at length.
    (2)道家经历长期的炼丹实践,涉及到化学、生物学、医药学等知识.给中国古代科技留下了一笔宝贵财富.但由于缺乏西方实验科学的“假设—试验—结论”的完整过程,而不能使炼丹术上升为科学技术;
    Joesph Needham of Cambridge University,who highly praised ancient Chinese science and technology and cultural achievement in his Science and Civilization in China,exerclsed an emotional influence on the educational history of Chinese science and technology,whlch has led to the exaggeration and overstatement of the fact.
    李约瑟对中国古代科技成就的充分肯定和赞誉,在中国科技教育史的研究工作中产生了情绪化的影响,导致在中国古代科技教育的认识和评价方面出现片面夸大和“拔高”的现象。
    Persisting in the methodology of the historical materialism, breaking up the cultural shadow of "antecedent rich", scanning all the historical items of science and technology with a scientific attitude, and comparing objectively, you can find that it is true that the history of ancient Chinese science and technology has been wrongly read as the one of "antecedent rich", that means that the there is no premise for the reasoning of "Puzzle of Joseph Needaham", therefore, any work of settling the puzzle is useless.
    坚持历史唯物主义的研究方法,冲破“先前阔”的文化阴影,以尊重科学的态度审视科技史项目,并通过客观的比较可以断定,中国古代科技史是一篇被误读成了“先前阔”的历史,它意味着,作为“李约瑟难题”的推理前提是虚幻的,因而,对它的任何求解都毫无意义。
    The development of ancient Chinese science and technology and its cultural traits has deeply influenced the developmental orbit of Chinese ancient Jiehua and the outlook of the history.
    中国古代科技的发展及其文化特质,深深影响着中国古代界画的发展轨迹及历史面貌。
    The Chinese traditional culture had played a very positive role in the development of ancient Chinese science and technology,but the Chinese traditional culture with "Confucian Thought" as its center such an agricultural center thought,petty farmer economy has played the negative role in the development of modern science and technology.
    以儒家为核心的中国传统文化,对中国古代科技发展曾经做出过巨大的贡献,但随着时代的推移,到近代以德为重、重农思想、小农经济等中国传统文化思想对科学技术的负面影响逐渐凸现出来,逐渐成为科技发展的阻力。
    With an introduction to the historical research of ancient Chinese gynaecology and technology by Charlotte Furth and Francesca Bray,The Ancient Chinese Science and Technology in Gender Perspective,a new monograph by Liu Bing and Zhang Meifang,explicates the meaning of the feminist historiography of science for the research of ancient Chinese science and technology.
    通过介绍费侠莉、白馥兰对中国古代妇科医学史和技术史的研究,刘兵、章梅芳合著的《性别视角中的中国古代科学技术》展示了女性主义科学编史学视角对中国古代科技史研究的价值。
    The good shall last,this was the ethics in ancient Chinese science and technology.
    中国古代科技思想把“善”作为科技发展的最高价值判断标准,这一伦理观是建立在人与自然和谐的整体认识之上的。
 

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