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    Problems Involved in Diagnosis of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Protrusion──The Role of Clinical
    腰椎间盘突出症的诊断问题──临床检查、脊髓造影、CT及MRI在诊断中所起的作用
    Result: In our study ,76 anterior cruciate ligaments were diagnosed with the result that 45 normal anterior cruciate ligaments and 31 abnormal anterior cruciate ligaments in clinical examination.
    结果:前交叉韧带损伤临床诊断,本组76例急性创伤性膝关节血肿患者,前抽屉试验、Lachman试验和轴移试验三项临床检查共诊断31例前交叉韧带损伤,45例正常。
    In the abnormal anterior cruciate ligaments, the clinical examination showed that 28 true-positive, 24 true-negative,3 false-positive and 21 false-negative The accuary, the sensitive and speciality of clinical examination in diagnosis anterior cruciate ligament tears was 68.4%,57.1%,and 88.9%.
    关节镜检查结果:前交叉韧带损伤52例,正常24例。 以关节镜检查为标准,临床检查诊断结果:真阳性数28个,真阴性数24个,假阳性数3个,假阴性数21个,准确性是68.4%,敏感性是57.1%,特异性是88.9%;
    Conclusion:The diagnosis of clinical examination in acute anterior cruciate ligament tears has a high false-negative.
    结论:临床检查诊断急性前交叉韧带损伤的假阴性率较高,MRI是早期诊断急性前交叉韧带损伤的有效方法。
    This paper presents a comparative analysis of 272 cases of herniation of nucleus pulposus admitted in our hospital from 1988.1 to 1991.12. All cases were diagnosed by clinical examinations, mye-lography and CT scanning separately, and were confirmen by operations.
    本文对我院1988.1~1991.12期间,经临床检查诊断,椎管造影检查和CT扫描检查诊断,并经过手术证实的272例腰椎间盘突出症作以比较性分析。
    RESULTS 35.2% of T 2N 0M 0 patients bad histologically positive axillary nodes.
    结果T2N0M0乳腺癌临床检查淋巴结假阴性率为35.2%。
    In group Ⅱ 11 cases(<25%) showed improvement on clinical examination.
    Ⅱ组 :临床检查改善率不足 2 5 % ,11例 ;
    Based on the clinical situation, imaging standards and severity, the spleen trauma was classified into three types: fulminant type, latent type and ordinary type.
    根据临床表现、临床检查的影像标准和术中脾损伤的程度三个量化指标制订的分类标准。 将脾外伤分为暴发型、隐匿型和普通型三个类型。
    Method; Analysis on a retrospective study for 188 cases of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and a respective study for 96 cases of L5/S1 DH,88 cases of L4/ 5 DH.
    方法:回顾分析188例腰椎间盘突出病人的临床资料,对另96例L5/S1、88例L4/5椎间盘突出病人进行详细临床检查并总结分析。
    ④The sensitivity of mammographic detection was 86%(24/28), clinical examination was 64%(18/28), US was 85% (17/20). The sensitivity could be improved to 96%(27/28) by the use of integrated mammography, US, and clinical examination.
    ④本组检出病变敏感性 :X线 86% (2 4/ 2 8) ,临床检查 64% (18/ 2 8) ,B超 85% (17/ 2 0 ) ,三者结合 ,敏感性提高至 96% (2 7/ 2 8)。
    Methods Sixty cases diagnosed by clinical examination and CT scans as LDH were divided randomly into two groups: the pre-epidural injection group (group A n=30) and the traditional epidural injection group (group B n=30).
    方法  6 0例经过临床检查和CT证实为腰椎间盘突出症的患者随机分成两组 ,硬膜外前腔注药组 (A组n =30 ) ,传统硬膜外腔注药组 (B组n =30 )。
    Results①Clinical findings:A total of 112students aged 7to 14years old were examined in No. 35village,early changes were found in 3children,accounting for 2.68%.
    结果①临床检查:35号院村共检查7~14岁学生112名,检出有早期改变者3人,检出率为2.68%。
    Methods Three cases of C 7~T 1 intervertebral disc herniation were undergone PCD.
    方法 选择 3例C7~T1椎间盘突出症颈部瘦长的患者 ,经临床检查和MR诊断为C7~T1椎间盘突出并压迫一侧神经根 ,在X线透视定位下采取PCD术治疗。
    Methods:A retrospective study for 321 cases of lumbar disc herniation and a propective study for 96 cases of L 5S 1 DH,88 cases of L 4~5 DH.
    方法 :回顾性分析 32 1例腰DH病人的临床资料 ,对另 88例L4~ 5、 96例L5S1 DH病人进行详细临床检查并总结分析。
    Methods 100 female patients with 106 suspected focuses of breast cancer on clinical examination underwent 99m Tc-MIBI scintimammography and breast molybdenum target X-ray, and the results were compared with the pathological diagnosis.
    方法 对 10 0例10 6个经临床检查可疑乳腺病灶的妇女进行乳腺钼靶X线照相和99m Tc MIBI乳腺显像检查 ,并与病理学诊断结果进行对比。
    Methods All the 37 cases were examined clinically and then underwent mammography, among which 15, 5 and 6 cases underwent ultrasound, CT and MRI examinations respectively.
    方法对37例经临床检查,全部行X线摄片,其中15例、5例、6例分别另行超声、CT、MRI检查。
    ResuIts Except the year of 2000,the clinical result of children in the rest five years is 0,and the rate of X-ray diagnosis has dropped significantly,from 23.33% in 2000 to 0.Conclusions State of illness shows a tendency of decline.
    结果除2000年外,其余5年临床检查均为0检出。 X线检出率从2000年的23.33%下降到0。
    100 patients were analysed by JOA’s standard:compared symptom and clinical examination on pretreatment and posttreament.
    参照JOA标准对100例患者自觉症状、临床检查的改善程度进行治疗前后对照比较。
    Methods From November 2003 to October 2004,SLNB was performed in 57 patients with stage Ⅱor Ⅲ breast carcinoma and negative axillary node after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
    方法对2003年11月至2004年10月住院治疗中的57例Ⅱ、Ⅲ期乳腺癌病人行新辅助化疗后,临床检查腋窝淋巴结阴性行前哨淋巴结活检术(SLNB)。
    Precluding contraindication, the symptom such as pain persist from 0.1 to 0.8 month, averaged 0.3 month.
    临床检查症状持续时间0.1~0.8个月,平均0.3个月。
 

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