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    RESULTS:(1)Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) for the 13-item CSI on 157 cases was 0.828.Related coefficient between total score and each item score were between 0.395 and 0.716 and all coefficient had statistical significance(P<0.01).
    采用描述性统计、Shapiro- Wilk检验、χ2检验、Kruskal Wallis检验、Spearman等级相关分析、多元线性回归、Logistic回归等统计学方法,描述分析主要照顾者的照顾压力现状及其影响因素、照顾能力等。 结果:(1) CSI量表中文版的同质性信度克伦巴赫a系数为0.828。
    The result of stepwise regression analysis showed that many factors (including heredity, nutrition, physical activity, birthweight, starting time of independent walk, child's attender and paternal occupation) may influenced the constitution of children.
    对影响体质的有关因素进行了逐步回归分析。 结果表明:学前儿童体质受遗传、营养、体育锻炼、出生体重、开始独立行走时间、儿童的主要照顾者及父亲职业等多方面影响。
    The Psychosomatic status of 108 patients with a history of 3-month cerebral vascular diseases (CVD) and their major caregiviers were investigated. Twenty eight(25.9%) of the caregivers reported that their health were affected as a result of looking after the patients. Twenty seven(25.0%) of the caregivers suffered from depressive disturbances and 15(13.9%) had anxiety symptoms.
    作者通过对病后三个月108例脑血管病病人及其主要照顾者心身健康状况调查发现:由于照顾病人,28名(25.9%)照顾者认为健康受到影响,27人(25.0%)合并抑郁障碍,15人(13.9%)合并焦虑障碍,并且出现各种应激症状,如睡眠被打扰,担心病人出意外等。
    Method 101 schizophrenics in rural community were sampled as family intervention group by simple randomization, other 101 as control group.
    方法 采用随机抽样法对 10 1例社区精神分裂症患者和主要照顾者进行了 1年的家庭干预 ,并与 10 1例未干预者做对照。
    Objective To discuss the main factors that influence the load of cerebral uascular inpatients.
    目的 探讨影响住院脑血管病人主要照顾者负荷的相关因素。
    Results 60% of the main tender of the cerebral vascular patients were their spouses, old age and poor knowledge made their physical, mental and social intercourse increase.
    结果 脑血管病人的主要照顾者中 6 0 %为配偶 ,且年龄较大 ,知识水平偏低 ,使其身体、心理、社交方面的负荷增大。
    Conclusion The clinical nursing staff should help and direct the main tender in order to lighten the burden of the family members, make the main tender bear the responsibility effectively.
    结论 临床护理人员应给予住院病人主要照顾者一定的协助及指导 ,减轻家属的压力 ,使主要照顾者能有效地承担起照顾责任
    Methods 62 patients with stroke and their main caregivers were interviewed by questionnaire in their homes.
    方法 对社区 62名脑卒中患者及其主要照顾者进行入户问卷调查。
    Results The study demonstrated that functional impairments were common problems among stroke patients in home,some of the life style of these stroke patients wasn′t beneficial to their rehabilitation,and their rehabilitation training was insufficient,and the home rehabilitation environment was unfit for their rehabilitation,meanwhile there was much deficiency in patients′ self-care ability and their caregivers′ caring ability.
    结果 家庭康复的脑卒中患者遗留有多种功能障碍 ,部分生活方式不利于康复 ,缺乏家庭康复训练 ,家庭设施未行相应改造 ,患者的综合自理能力及主要照顾者的照顾能力间差别有显著性意义 (P <0 0 5)。
    To understand the status quo of family rehabilitation in community cerebral apoplexy patients, to seek a basis for family rehabilitation nursing intervention, 60 cases of cerebral apoplexy in community and their care - takers were surveyed by filling out questionnaire.
    为了解社区脑卒中病人家庭康复现状,为家庭康复护理干预寻找依据,对社区60例脑卒中病人及其主要照顾者进行了问卷调查。
    Method 62 patients with stroke and their main caregivers were interviewed with questionnaire in their homes.
    方法对62例脑卒中患者及其主要照顾者进行家庭入户问卷调查。
    Method 52 patients with stroke and their main care givers were interviewed with questionnaire in their homes.
    方法 对 5 2名社区高血压脑卒中患者及其主要照顾者进行家庭入户问卷调查。
    Methods Two hundreds cardiovascular disease patient’s family members were randomly divided into experiment group and control group.
    方法 将易诱发的心源性猝死的 2 0 0名心血管病患者的主要照顾者 ,随机分成两组。
    Methods Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS),Self-rating Depressing Scale(SDS),Social Support Inventory were administered to 82 patients.
    方法 选用焦虑自评量表 ( SAS)和抑郁自评量表 ( SDS)评价病人的情绪障碍。 利用社会支持量表评定病人的社会支持及主要照顾者 SAS评分、SDS评分等作为相关因素。
    AIM:To probe into the validity of answers of the proxies by comparing the similarities and differences of patients' quality of life(QOL) with cancer provided by patient,significant minder,nurse and physician.
    目的:比较患者本身、主要照顾者、护士及医生四者所提供的患者生活质量的异同,来探究代理回答的效度。
    The patients as well as the significant minaers filled in SF 36 QOL questionnaire separately when the patients were hospitalized,and the physician and the nurse in charge also filled in the SF 36 QOL questionnaire on the same day.
    患者及主要照顾者分别在患者来住院治疗时填写SF-36生活质量调查表,而负责治疗的医生与护士亦在同一天填写SF-36生活质量调查表。
    The similarities and differences of QOL of patient provided by patient,significant minders,nurse and physician were compared.
    然后比较患者本身、主要照顾者、护士及医生四者所提供的患者生活质量的异同。
    RESULTS:The QOL provided by significant minder,physician and nurse were equivalent or similar to that of the patients(P >0.05).
    结果:主要照顾者、医生及护士提供的癌症患者的生活质量与患者相比,差异无显著性意义P>0.05);
    Objective\ To explore the correlation between burden level of the main home infirmarian of the stroke patients and their social support.
    目的 寻求脑卒中病人居家主要照顾者负荷水平与社会支持度之间的关系。
    Results There is negative relationship between burden of the main home infirmarian of the stroke patients and their social support.
    结果 脑卒中病人居家主要照顾者负荷水平和社会支持度之间存在着负性相关 (r =- 0 .5 1,P <0 .0 1)。
 

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