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    Vessels and nerves of the dorsal ulnar flap of the hand have been studiedin 30 upper limbs of adult cadavers.
    应用30例成人上肢标本,对手背尺侧皮瓣的动脉、静脉及神经进行了研究。
    2. The source of cutaneous basilic vein and its tributaries exist in the dorsalulnar flap of the hand.
    ②手背尺侧皮瓣的静脉,主要是贵要静脉及其属支。
    The flap was supplied mainly by the first dorsal meta-carpal artery (FDMA) and partly by the perforating artery and the dorsal digitalbranches of the radialis indicis artery.
    第二掌指背桡侧皮瓣的血供主要来自第一掌背动脉,同时有穿动脉和指固有动脉的指背支参加。
    In order to restore the contour and function of the tongue, we repaired and reconstructed 21 cases tongue defects by using radial or ulnar skin flaps and myocutaneous flaps in forearm since 1981. All the skin flaps survived.
    为重建舌的外形及功能,我们采用前臂(桡、尺侧)皮瓣及肌皮瓣对21例舌缺损患者进行了修复与再造。
    On the average,the diameter of the cutaneous arteries is 1.4mmat its origin and 0.9mm at its termination. Most of the cutaneous arteries origi-nate from the brachial artery(76.9%),and a few from the profund brachialartery(19.2%)or the axillary artery (3.9%).
    臂后侧皮瓣的动脉多为1支,大部分由肱动脉、肱深动脉发出,少数由腋动脉发出,起始处外径平均1.4mm,干长4.3cm。 伴行静脉注入处外径1.3mm。
    ABSTRACT Forty-eight upper side limbs of adult cadavers were studied, We found a new skinflap- the ulnar skin of the carpal, The skin flap was suppIied by the dorsal carpal artery arised from the ulnar artery.
    本文报道了48侧成人尸体上肢,提出了一个新的皮瓣供区——腕尺侧皮瓣。 该皮瓣的血管蒂为腕背动脉,该动脉起于尺动脉。
    It is better for the defects of the body of tongue or associating with defects of the mouth floor or rectanglar segment of mandible to use the free forearm flaps especially the ulnar flaps after excision.
    舌体缺损或伴有口底、下颌骨方块缺损的,以前臂游离皮瓣再造为好,尤其前臂尺侧皮瓣,部位更为隐蔽;
    The hlock of venous volve was likely to cause iscemic necrosis in the distal aspect of the flap and hlood extravasation in the proximal aspect.
    因静脉瓣的阻碍,使引流侧皮瓣远端灌流困难,易造成缺血坏死而灌流侧易成瘀血性坏死。
    Results:The results showed that the posterior interosseous artery and dorsal carpal branch of anterior interosseous artery were nutrient vessels of pos-terior of foream,which anastomosed with each other and with the dorsal carpal branch of ulnar and radi- al artery.
    结论:本研究为下述血管为蒂的三种逆行皮瓣,提供了可靠的解剖学依据:(1)以桡动脉腕背支为蒂前臂背侧中下段皮瓣; (2)以骨间前动脉腕背支的尺侧骨皮支为蒂前臂背侧中下段尺侧皮瓣
    Conclusion:This study provides an anatomical basis for the 3 types of reversed island flap for repairing the skin defect of hand.
    (3)以骨间前动脉腕背支的桡侧骨皮支为蒂前臂背侧中下段桡侧皮瓣。 上述皮瓣可携带骨膜、骨质,用于手部创伤的修复。
    The essence of the skin flaps is the combined application of the arm posterior and medial skin flaps So the skin flap has the features of the above two skin flaps.
    该皮瓣实质是臂后侧皮瓣及臂内侧皮瓣的联合应用.
    Objective\ To investigate the feasibility of free transference of the posterior leg flap which is supplied by the lateral popliteal cutaneous artery.
    目的了解外侧皮动脉蒂小腿后侧皮瓣行吻合血管的游离移植可行性。
    Objective To investigate the feasibility of free transference of the posterior leg flap which is supplied by the lateral popliteal cutaneous artery.
    目的了解腘外侧皮动脉蒂小腿后侧皮瓣行吻合血管的游离移植可行性。
    Methods On basis of microsurgical anatomy of the trapezius muscle,extralong musculocutaneous flap obtained from the lower portion of the trapezius pedicle with superficial descending branch of the transverse cervial artery(TCA) was designed with a maximum size of up to 36cm × 13cm. The size of the bilatera1 flaps were 7OOcm2. The distal end of the flap was along the hairline of forehead.
    方法在对斜方肌及其血供进行显微外科解剖学研究的基础上利用颈横动脉浅降支为蒂设计超长下斜方肌肌皮瓣,其远端可达肩胛下角下17cm处,单侧皮瓣最大面积为36cm×13cm,双侧皮瓣总面积可超过700cm2,皮瓣转移可覆盖颅项、颌面及颈部缺损。
    Results Treatment with 2mg or 5mg adenosine increased skin viability of the transverse skin flap in the experiment group compared with the sham operated control ( P <0 05, n =5).
    术后7 天注射荧光素,以模片法记录腹直肌同侧皮瓣、对侧皮瓣和整个皮瓣的成活率。 结果 2mg 和5mg 腺苷注射组,肌皮瓣成活率明显高于生理盐水对照组(P<0-05)。
    Depending on the condition of individual breast, select the method of plastic operation of vertical double pedicle、upper pedicle、lower pedicle and bilateral flaps.
    解除巨乳给女性带来的腰酸背痛、皮肤糜烂、胸部形体畸形、生活的不便等诸多痛苦,恢复其胸部的正常美感曲线。 以个体乳房情况选择垂直双蒂、上蒂、下蒂加设计双侧皮瓣的方法进行整复。
    Methods By using the model of cutting dorsal root and stimulating the distal end, level of cAMP and cGMP were determined by ra-dioimmunity analysis in the dominated der-mic region by dissevering the dorsal root.
    方法 利用刺激离断背根神经外周端大鼠模型,采用放射免疫分析法检测相应皮区皮瓣浸泡液中cAMP、cGMP含量。 结果 刺激背根神经外周端后,刺激侧皮瓣浸泡液中的cAMP含量(39.50±4.525fg/ml)明显高于对照侧(24.104±3.952fg/ml);
    Results The content of cAMP in the dermic steep on the stimulated side (39. 50 ?. 525fg/ml) were markedly higher than
    刺激侧皮瓣浸泡液中的cGMP含量(6.684±1.215fg/ml)亦明显高于对照侧(2.784±0.548fg/ml)。 结论 刺激背根神经可通过逆向传导促使相应末梢皮区释放cAMP和cGMP增多。
    Objective To understand the long-term effect of harvest of radial forearm free flap (RFF) on donor-site arm′s function.
    目的 明确前臂桡侧皮瓣移植术对供区手臂功能的长期影响。
    Methods Comparative study was performed on the unoperated and operated arms′ function in 44 patients undergoing RFF.
    方法 对 44例头颈部软组织缺损行前臂桡侧皮瓣重建病人的手术侧与非手术侧手臂的功能进行对比研究 ,感觉功能评价参照英国医学研究会 (BM RC)感觉功能评价标准并计百分比 ,运动功能评价采用配对t检验。
 

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