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public product
    On Mechanism Innovation of Public Product Supply to the Private Economy
    关注民营经济的公共品供给机制创新
    Impact of Rural Public Product Supply on Peasant Consuming Expenditure
    农村公共品供给对农民消费支出的影响
    Examination of Public Product Positioning in Terms of Article Properties
    从产品属性的相对性看公共品的定位
    Since the reform, budget accounting system have been revised many timesHowever, with the development of socialist market economy system, the budget accounting environment is changing rapidly, government turn to offer public product and adjust market;
    但是,随着社会主义市场经济体制的发展,我国预算会计环境正在发生重要的变化:政府和市场在社会经济运行中的分工逐步明晰; 政府职能重点转向公共品提供和宏观调控;
    Under serious debt oppression, a lot of villages and towns begin to reduce the supply of the rural public product , increase and collect peasants' expenses of taxation, the contradiction of the financial revenue and expenditure is sharp day by day, form the serious debt crisis.
    在严重的债务压迫下,许多乡镇开始减少农村公共品供应,增加对农民的税费征收,财政收支矛盾日益尖锐,形成严重的债务危机。
    However, an undeniable one is, since the reform of the system of tax allocation, with grass-roots political authority financial difficulty that follow it, local government expenditure arrange for and awkward, unable to make ends meet phenomenon but irrefutable fact, county township two local public product that cause because of financial difficulty supply with enoughly and grass-roots political authority turn round smooth problem, have already caused the extensive concerns of the political circles and educational circles.
    然而,不可否认的是,分税制改革以来,与之相伴随的基层政权财政困难,地方政府支出安排捉襟见肘,入不敷出的现象却是不争的事实,县乡两级因财政困难而导致的地方公共品供给不足以及基层政权运转不畅的问题,已经引起了政界和学界的广泛关注。
    The innovation of the article is that "The fiscal information is a public product" and the relevant fiscal transparency researching based on the idea.
    本文的创新之处在于将财政信息视为一种公共品,并以此为切入点展开财政透明度的相关理论分析。
    Compulsory education,as a public product,should have been invested by the government. However, for a long time, there is a severe lack of government investment to compulsory education.
    义务教育是公共品 ,应由政府投资 ,但长期以来政府对义务教育投资严重不足。
    This paper demonstrates that if the credit culture of the public product does not have a ownership of exclusiveness,the credit of the whole society will be explo ited excessively. That leads the whole societyforfeits sincerity.
    从信用文化缺失这个方面论证作为公共品的信用文化,如果没有一个排他性的所有权,整个社会的信用将被过度使用,从而形成整个社会的诚信丧失。
    Solving the problem that peasants lightened the burden and raised an increase of, the key lies in implementing the equal public policy overall planning, public resource allocation , improving the supply of the rural public product in urban and rural areas and reform and innovate the rural public product on the basis of defining main body of supplying .
    解决农民减负增收的问题,关键在于实行城乡平等的公共政策、统筹城乡公共资源分配,改善农村公共品的供给,为此需要在界定供给主体的基础上对农村公共品供给制度进行改革创新。
    Considering different opinions of the supply-and-demand situation of rural public product in China, the author analyzes the impact of rural public product supply on peasant consuming scale and structure, offers an analytical model of appraising the level of rural public product supply based on an analysis of peasant consuming structure, makes an experimental study of peasant consuming structure in our country in the last 10 years and puts forward some suggestions in policy making.
    针对中国农村公共产品供求状况的不同认识,从理论上分析农村公共品供给对农民消费规模及结构的影响,并提出以农民消费结构分析为基础评价公共产品供给水平的分析模型。 运用这一分析模型对我国近十年农民消费结构做了实证研究,并提出若干政策建议。
    In the supply of public goods, government responsibility is to provide the public product that is needed and can be offered.
    在公共品供给中,政府责任是提供它需要并且能够提供的公共品
    Conflict between revenue and expenditure, debt burden aggravated, insufficient supply of rural public product, and other problems caused by cancellation are analysed in this paper, and a series of counter measures are proposed to develop rural economy, accelerate the administrative structure reform of the villages and towns, dissolve debts and improve the financial system.
    本文分析了取消农业税会对乡镇财政造成收支矛盾突出、债务负担加重、农村公共品供应不足等一系列影响,提出发展乡镇经济、加快乡镇机构改革、妥善化解债务和完善财政体制等措施。
    Under the circumstance of relative surplus of the products and aggressive foreign-invested enterprises,the governments at all levels should pay more attention to the quality of the public product and the way that the products are supplied to the private enterprises,try their best to overcome the phenomenon of lacking pertinence,variety and dynamic behaviour and mend the system of the public product supply automatically.
    在产品相对过剩和外资企业咄咄逼人的形势下,各级政府要更加关注民营经济公共品供给的方式和质量,要尽量克服公共品供给过程中缺乏针对性、多样性和动态性的现象,供给主体要自动补位。
    The paper explains the tourism firms' behavior on the tourist marketplace promotion with the help of the theory of Pareto optimum condition of the pure public product.
    本文运用纯公共品的帕累托最优条件解释旅游市场促销中旅游部门的经济行为,探讨在现实经济中使得市场促销主体效用最大化的条件。
    The level of public product,cost compensate principle,equality and democratic decision theory are general theoretical foundation of rural public finance construction in China. But rural economic system,economic level and structure,ideology,democratic level,etc. have formed restriction terms of China's rural public finance of mode selection.
    公共品的层次性、成本补偿原理、均等化以及民主决策理论等是中国农村公共财政建设的一般理论基础,而农村经济制度、经济水平和结构、意识形态、民主水平等构成我国农村公共财政模式选择的现实制约条件。
    Weighed from two respects of theory and reality,China's rural public finance should be the hierarchical finance of the public product supply on the system,sloping type finance of financing funds on the system,democratic finance of decision system,legal finance of management system and reflecting the development-oriented finance of the rural social economic change.
    中国农村公共财政应是公共品供给体制上的分级财政、筹资体制上的向内倾斜型财政、决策体制上的民主型财政、管理体制上的法制型财政和反映农村社会经济变化的动态发展型财政。
 

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