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    The construction of the innovation system (IS) for Agricultural science and technology is the key task for present AST's system reforming.
    建设农业科技创新体系是当前农业科技体制改革的重要任务,也是农业科技工作长期发展的需要.
    This article briefly elaborates the agricultural statements, present situations and problems existed in Sichuan agricultural science and technology. From the developing tendency and characteristics of the 21st century agricultural science and technology, it also expounds overall goals, strategic thinking, main researching fields and tricultural science and technology system innovations about agricultural science and technology development of Sichuan province.
    本文阐述了四川省的农业简况、农业科技现状和存在的主要问题,从21世纪农业科技发展趋势和特点,论述了四川省农业科学技术发展的总体目标、战略思想、主要研究领域和农业科技体制创新。
    In order to study the countermeasure of developing agriculture through science and education, this article discussed the barriers factors from different angles, such as the reform of agricultural science and technology system, the investment of agricultural scientific research, the disseminating organization system of agricultural science and technology, the agricultural education system , the organization situation of peasant family , the policy and regulations on the application of agricultural science and technology and so on.
    为了能有针对性地研究湖北科教兴农的对策思路,从农业科技体制改革、农业科研投入、农业科技推广组织体系、农业教育体系、农户组织化程度和农业科技成果转化的政策法规支持等方面对新的历史阶段湖北科教兴农的障碍因素作了分析。
    In accordance with the characteristics and new situation in agriculture development of the traditional agriculture province at new stage,main countermeasures for promoting modern agriculture development are proposed:it is necessary to blaze new trails in four aspects:agriculture development thinking; agriculture investment mechanism; agriculture science and technology and economic organization.
    针对传统农业大省新阶段农业发展的特点和新形势 ,提出了推动现代农业发展 ,必须从四个方面创新的主要对策 ,即农业发展思路创新 ,农业投入机制创新 ,农业科技体制创新 ,经济组织创新。
    In order to study the countermeasure of developing agriculture through science and education, the barriers factors from different angles, such as the reform of agricultural science and technology system, investment on agricultural scientific research, the disseminating organization system of agricultural science and technology, the agricultural education system , the organization situation of peasant family , the policy and regulations on the application of agricultural science and technology and so on ,were discussed.
    为能有针对性地研究湖北科教兴农的对策思路 ,从农业科技体制改革、农业科研投入、农业科技推广组织体系、农业教育体系、农户组织化程度和农业科技成果转化的政策法规支持等方面对新的历史阶段湖北科教兴农的障碍因素作了分析
    To promote the advancement of agricultural science and technology and the productive forces, it is necessary to strengthen the management and innovation of science and technology, deepen system reform in the system of agricultural science and technology, develop both the research and production entities, cultivate enterprises of agricultural scientific research, properly allocate essential factors of production, perfect the quality-oriented assessment system, and establish market-oriented management mechanism of agricultural science and technology.
    加强科技管理与创新 ,深化农业科技体制改革 ,施行研究主体和产业实体并存发展 ,大力培育农业科技企业 ,合理配置农业科技生产要素 ,完善以质效评价为核心的评价体系 ,建立面向社会、适应市场的农业科技管理新机制 ,对促进农业科技进步和生产力的发展具有决定性的作用
    Based on analysis of the subjects in the progress of agricultrural science and technology,and current status of its supply and demand,strategies and suggestions for accelerating the progress of agricultural science and technology of China are presented in this paper. These include deepening reform of agricultural science and technolpgy system,developing industrialization management of agriculture,increasing the work level of agricultural science and technology extension,emphasizing countryside education,establishing risk guarantee system,and strengthening international collaboration and exchange of agricultural science and technolgy.
    在对农业科技进步过程中的主体及农业科技供求现状进行分析的基础上 ,提出了加速我国农业科技进步的对策和建议 :深化农业科技体制改革 ,发展农业产业化经营 ,提高农业科技推广工作水平 ,重视农村教育 ,建立农业科技风险保障机制 ,加强农业科技国际合作与交流等
    The problems are concentrated: lower quality of the achievements, the achievements' utilizers being short of relevant knowledge and lack of a perfect system for the extension.
    当前我国存在着成果本身质量不高、成果采用者科技意识不够强和成果推广体系不健全、运行机制不灵活等问题。 必须通过改革农业科技体制 ,加强农业科研管理 ;
    The modernized mechanism of agriculture is the foundation with the agricultural science and technology innovation acceleration,By means of reaches such agricultural deciding essentially of science and technology problem to the agricurltural modernize in the west,Pursueing out one innovates the route that carryes forward the agricultural science and technology,driving force widen of the agricultural science and technology,improving the guarantee of system of the agricultural science and technology,breeding a talented person of agricultural science and technology to act as core agricultural science and technology。
    以农业科技创新促进农业现代化的机理为依据,通过对我国西部农业现代化及其农业科技问题的基本判断,探求出一条以树立农业科技理念为导向、以加大农业科技投入为动力、以完善农业科技体制为保障、以培育农业科技人才为核心的推进我国西部农业现代化建设的农业科技创新之路。
    Aimed at the insufficient invest in agricultural scientific research in China, gave some suggestions on structural reforms of agricultural science.
    针对我国在农业科研投入方面的不足,提出在加强农业科技体制改革的同时,应大幅度增加农业科研的投入,创造良好的科技创新环境,使农业科研更好的为“三农”服务。
    reforming agriculture science and technique system;
    关于农业科技体制的改革;
    So it is necessary to proceed from the system creativity of agricultural technology,give more scientific injection and government support,choose correctly the stress and direction of scientific research and give farmers more training in science and technology. Only in this w ay can agricultural technological development be the impetus of agricultural sus tainable development.
    因此农业科技发展要成为农业可持续发展的根本动力,就必须从农业科技体制创新入手,加大科技投入和政策扶持力度,选准农业技术研究的重点和方向,加大对农民的科技培训力度。
    This essay analyzes the newest changes of the agricultural research organization construction,agricultural research mechanism and input in the agricultural science and technology system of such countries as France,Holland,etc. It summarizes their system constitution of agricultural science and technology and experience of reform,proposes some suggestions according to current situation and existing problems of agricultural science and technology system reform in our country,and provides the reference for accelerating and perfecting the agricultural system construction of scientific and technical innovation of our country.
    本文分析了法国、荷兰等国家的农业科技体制中相关国家农业科研机构设置、农业科研机制与投入的最新变化,总结其农业科技体制建立及其改革的经验,针对当前我国农业科技体制改革的现状及存在的问题提出几点建议,为加快我国国家农业科技创新体系的建设,完善我国农业科技创新体系,提供参考依据。
    The vital force of agriculture science and technology garden is based on greatly promoting for advancement of agriculture technology,namely,system innovation of agriculture science and technology garden according to the masterstroke advancement of agriculture technology:system innovation of agricultural science and technology and system's innovation of agricultural production and management,which can be called agriculture industrialization.
    农业科技园区的生命力就在于对农业技术进步的巨大促进作用,即以农业技术进步为主线的农业科技园区的制度创新的带动作用:①农业科技体制创新; ②农业生产经营制度的创新即农业产业化。
    exploitation and pervasion of Soil-saving and labors-saving technology,rapid employment growth of non-agriculture departments,decrease of administration burden,innovation of agriculture science and technology and investment of great education resources,are all
    数十年来,中国实施的一系列国家经济发展战略、农业和非农业政策措施,在某些方面或总体上存在着对农业的负面影响。 土地节约型和劳动力使用型技术的开发与扩散、非农业部门就业的迅速增长、行政性负担的减少和农业科技体制的创新及大量教育资源的投入,是促进农业发展,实现经济一元化的关键。
    meanwhile agricultural scientific and technological system reform should be deepened to improve the efficiency and conversion of scientific and technological achievement output;
    其次是深化农业科技体制改革,提高科技成果产出的有效率和转化率;
 

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