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posterior border
    ANTERIOR ROUTE RESECTION OF VERTEBRAL POSTERIOR BORDER BONE MASS WITH COLUMN FENDER BONE GRAFTING FOR FLEXION FRACTURE OF THORACOLUMBAR SECTION WITH PARAPLEGIA
    前路切除椎体后缘骨块立柱挡板植骨术治疗胸腰段爆裂型骨折截瘫
    The entry location of former pedicle was at the interception of 1/5 to proximal end and 2/3 to posterior border,and the entry location of the latter pedicle was at the interception of 1/2 to proximal end and 1/2 to posterior border.
    它们分别在距肌肉近端1/5与距肌肉后缘2/3相交的位置、和距肌肉近端1/2与距肌肉后缘1/2相交的位置进入肌肉,95%的神经和血管伴行。
    With six to ten months follow-up,the height of anterior border of injury centrum was(95.21±2.53)%,and that of posterior border was(96.32±1.52)%.
    经过6-10个月随访,术后伤椎椎体前缘高度为(95.21±2.53)%; 椎体后缘高度为(96.32±1.52)%。
    Pathogenic factors analysis of lumbar vertebra posterior border bone mass
    腰椎体后缘骨块的病因分析
    Analysis of 14 cases of fracture at posterior border of lumbar vertebrae
    腰椎后缘断裂症14例分析
    The length that the vein surrounded the posterior border of ramus of mandible was (42.7±8.0)mm.
    围绕下颌支后缘静脉长度为(42.7±8.0)mm,围绕下颌角下缘静脉长度为(20.2±4.2)mm。
    and 5.49cm and 6.66cm respectively from the sternal end of the clavicle to the posterior border of the anterior scalenus and anterior border of the middle scalenus;
    从锁骨的胸骨端至前斜角肌后缘的距离为x=5.49cm,至中斜角肌前缘的距离是x=6.66cm;
    Results:The distance between buccal border of buccal grooves of mandibular the first molar and the posterior border of lingula of the opposite mandible was 8.29±0.41 cm .
    结果:①由下颌第一磨牙颊沟的颊缘水平伸至对侧下颌小舌后缘间距离为8.29±0.41cm;
    From 1962 to 1992,100 cases of Thoracolumbar sectional spine fracture with complete paraplegia or imcomplete paraplegia were treated by standing column bone grafting between the anterior vertebrae and removal of posterior border bone mass of the vertebral body and the anterospinal decompression.
    1962~1992年共采用前路椎体间立柱撑开植骨,椎体后缘骨块切除,脊髓前减压术治疗胸腰段脊柱骨折合并截瘫或不全截瘫100例。
    ④The surface location of the branches running out of the parotid gland is near the intersection between 1cm above mandibular angle and the anterior of the posterior border of the mandible.
    面神经下颌缘支穿出腮腺处的体表位置分别在下颌角上方和下颌支后缘前方1cm交点附近,神经与面动脉交处距于颌支后缘约4cm,距下颌骨下缘约1cm。
    Results:68.18% accessory nerve receive the communication of branches from cervical plexus anterior to the posterior border of sternomastoid muscle,most of these branches come from C 3,C 4.Among these branches,about 88.37% branches run superior to prevertebral fascia,every cervical plexus have the branches to levator scapulae and all of these were beneath the prevertebral fascia.
    结果 :68.18%的副神经在胸锁乳突肌后缘前接受颈丛分支的交通 ,所有斜方肌均接受颈丛分支的支配 ,多来源于 C3、C4,其中 ,88.37%的分支在颈后三角位于椎前筋膜的浅面 ,颈丛均有肩胛提肌分支且位于椎前筋膜的深面 .
    Results:72 of cases(14.4%) are lumbar vertebra posterior border bone mass in our cases.
    结果 :5 0 0例中 ,共出现腰椎体后缘骨块 72例 (14 4% )。
    The maximum height and width of intervertebral foramina were measured. The results showed:The height of the space for intervertebral disc was 3.48~5.38mm at anterior border,4.84~7.14mm in the middle,3.05~3.84mm at posterior border;
    结果 :椎体间间隙的高度 :前缘为 3.48~ 5.38mm,中点为 4.84~ 7.1 4 mm,后缘为 3.0 5~ 3.84mm;
    The optic recess was superior to the posterior half of the optic chiasma in the median line. The mean length of the recess was (5.8 ± 1.3) mm. The height of the anterior or posterior border was 0 - 0.4 mm and 0.6 -2.4 mm respectively.
    视上隐窝位于视交叉后半中线区的上面,平均长度为(5.8×1.3)mm,前缘高度0~0.4mm,后缘高度0.6~2.4mm。
    The average temperature at the center, anterior border and posterior border of the vertebral body was 51.12℃, 37.31℃ and 37.61℃, respectively.
    注射骨水泥后椎体内中心温度为 5 1.12℃ ,椎体前缘 37.31℃ ,后缘 37.6 1℃。
    The detoid muscle received innervation from axillary nerve which projected its main trunk under the acromial plane about 5.3±1.7 cm, the head of posterior border of the detoid muscle about 4.2± 1.2 cm, and the back of the connecting line between the anterior angle of acromion and the tuberosity of the detoid muscle about 1.3± 1.1 cm. Conclusions: The blood supply of the detoid muscle is abundant and multioriginal.
    三角肌由腋神经支配 ,其主干的体表投影位于肩峰平面下方 ( 5 .3± 1.7)cm ; 三角肌后缘前方 ( 4 .2± 1.2 )cm和肩峰前角与三角肌粗隆连线后方 ( 1.3± 1.1)cm处。
    Results : The distance between knee of transverse sigmoid sinus and posterior border of internal acoustic porus was (35.1 ± 0.2) mm.
    结果:横窦乙状窦膝至内耳门后缘的距离约为(35.1±0.2)mm。
    The distance between posterior border of internal acoustic meatus and endolym-phytic sac hiatus was (10.5±0.2) mm, the distance between internal acoustic porus and superior petrosal sinus was usually shorter than 5 mm.
    内耳门后缘至内淋巴囊裂孔的距离为(10.5±0.2)mm,内耳门至岩上窦的距离通常小于5 mm。
    The distance between the posterior border of tuberculum sellae and the anterior border of optic chiasma was 5.6±1.1 mm, the maximum distance between the medial borders of the bilateral optic nerves was 10.5±1.4 mm.
    鞍结节后缘至视交叉前缘相距 5 .6± 1.1mm ,两侧视神经内侧缘间最大距离 10 .5± 1.4mm。
    The mean vertebral body height restoration was 54.2%±34.1% on the anterior border, 60.5%±35.4% in the middle portion, and 40.7%±32.3% on the posterior border respectively.
    平均椎体前缘高度恢复54.2%±34.1%,中部恢复60.5%±35.4%,后缘恢复40.7%±32.3%。 矢状面排列改善明显。
 

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