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gas prices
    Natural Gas Prices and Pricing Mechanisms at Home and Abroad
    国外天然气价格与定价机制
    Gas prices should approach equilibrium in supply and demand when the government mandates it.
    天然气价格由政府直接制定时,只能以供需均衡为基础,将价格水平确定在均衡点附近。
    Foreign natural gas prices are divided into a wellhead price, an urban gate station price, and a terminal user price.
    国外天然气价格分井口价、城市门站价和终端用户价。
    THE ELECTRICITY PRICES MODEL WITH CONSIDERATION OF LOAD AND GAS PRICES EFFECTS
    考虑了负荷和天然气价格影响的电价模型
    RESEARCH ON THE GAS PRICES OF USA AND ITS ENLIGHTENMENT
    美国天然气价格研究及启示
    Mechanisms for regulating natural gas prices in China should be chosen in accordance with the current national situation, as well as in consideration of long-term development of the natural gas industry and establishment of a socialist market economy.
    选择我国天然气价格管理模式,既要考虑到我国现阶段的特殊性,又要从长远考虑,使管理模式有利于我国天然气工业的发展和社会主义市场经济体制的建立。
    As conditions are not yet appropriate for the marketization of gas prices, China should adopt a governmental pricing system.
    我国现阶段尚不具备天然气价格市场化的条件,宜实行政府统一定价的模式。
    secondly, to adapt gas prices to the market as gas prices are being marketed;
    其次应以天然气价格市场化作为突破口,让天然气价格适应供求关系的变化;
    As a competitive commodity, gas has to compete against other energy commodities, resulting in gas prices being determined by the law of supply and demand, and of price equilibrium.
    作为一种竞争性商品,天然气必然与其它能源商品竞争,天然气价格的形成同样遵循供求规律与均衡价格的规律。
    Using coal to produce car fuel methanol and other chemicals is a competitive and practical way under the condition of current global rising oil prices and Chinas high natural gas prices.
    在当今世界石油涨价、中国天然气价格较高的情况下 ,用煤生产甲醇车用燃料及其他化工产品等在经济上是有竞争力的 ,也是现实可行的。
    Becaus e electricity price are strongly load-and gas price-dependent,we construct the model for electricity price based on the effects of these two factors. We use th e Geometric Mean Reversion Brownian Motion (GMRBM) model to describe the electri city load process,and the Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM) model gas prices. Then we deduce the price stochastic process model based on the load model and gas pri ce model in details.
    由于电价主要依赖于负荷和天然气价格 ,本文建立了基于这两个因素的电价模型 ,采用几何平均回归布朗运动模型来描述负荷过程 ,而用几何布朗运动模型来描述天然气价格 ,然后详细推理了基于负荷模型和天然气价格模型的价格随机过程模型 ,同时解决了参数估计的方法。
    The robust global economic boost in 2004 has caused anincrease in the global energy demand for the second year in a row. Global crude oil and natural gas prices, oil refining gross margins and the price of petroleum and petrochemical products all set record highs.
    2004年世界经济的强劲增长,带动全球能源需求迎来了连续第二年的增长高峰,全年国际原油和天然气价格、炼油毛利以及石油和石化产品价格均创下近年来的历史新高。
    The recent economic study on foreign gas will focus on the supply of natural gas resources, its potential market demand and prospects, the gas industry data statistics and analysis, the analysis and forecast of natural gas prices, the LNG economic issues, market reform and reorganization, the gas supply security and so on.
    国外近期天然气经济研究的重点主要集中在天然气资源及其供应潜力、市场需求预测与展望、天然气工业数据统计与分析、天然气价格分析与预测、LNG的经济问题、市场改革与重组、天然气供应安全等方面。
    Apart from the continued attention to domestic economic research of natural gas and market development issues, We should also strengthen the research on the potential of the domestic natural gas resources and supply & demand prospects, control and operation of the market mechanism reform, the economic problems of import natural gas (including LNG), the safety and stability of natural gas supply, the impact that the formation mechanism of gas price changes on natural gas prices and market demand. ;
    我国天然气经济研究除了继续关注国内天然气工业动态,研究天然气工业和天然气市场发展中的热点问题外,还应加强国内外天然气资源潜力和供需远景、市场管制和运行机制改革、进口天然气资源(包括LNG)的经济问题、天然气供应的安全性与稳定性、国外天然气价格变化与形成机制对我国天然气价格和市场需求的影响等方面的研究。
    Because Guangdong Province had canceled fees of natural gas pipelines installation, natural gas will be charged by two parts, and natural gas prices may be improved.
    广东省取消管道燃气初装费,改为计量收费和容量收费的两部定价法,允许适当提高天然气价格
    This paper analyzes the main factors that affect gas prices,and presents the design of gas pricing formula to be followed by three basic principles:the principle of equivalent heating value have same price,principle of final economy boundary and principle of ensuring enterprise's reasonable profit.
    对影响天然气价格变动的主要因素进行了分析,提出了天然气定价公式设计应遵循的3个基本原则,即油气等热值等价原则、最终经济界限原则和保证企业合理利润的原则。
 

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