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bronchoscopy
    In compression type,TBNA was the only technique with a positive result in six patients,that increased the diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy from 52.4%(11/21) to 81.0%(17/21).
    外压型中TBNA单独阳性6例,使支气管镜检查阳性率从52.4%(11/21)提高到81.1%(17/21)。
    Materials and methods: Twenty-two patients with central bronchogeniccarcinoma were undergone radical resection after BAI therapy. Thediagnosis in all patients was histologically confirmed by the examination offiberoptic bronchoscopy(FOB) before therapy.
    材料和方法:22例中央型支气管肺癌,疗前均经支气管镜检查证实,经BAI治疗后行手术切除,用免疫组化方法分别对经支气管镜及BAI后手术切除获得的标本进行染色,观察肿瘤微血管密度(MVD)及血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)的表达,并运用SPSS for windows 8.0软件进行统计学分析。
    the CTVB images were generated from using Navigator Smooth software. All cases were confirmed by electronic bronchoscopy ,needle biopsy or operation. 23 imaging findings were compared with the results obtained with electronic bronchoscopy.
    方法:对37例经支气管镜、穿刺活检或手术病理证实为中心型肺癌患者进行螺旋CT扫描,将其数据传至Advanced windows 4.0版本工作站,用Navigator Smooth软件建成酷似支气管镜所见的CTVB图像,其中23例同时行电子支气管镜检查,并将两者结果进行比较。
    Conclusion: CTVB is a noninvasive technique and can partly replace electronic bronchoscopy.
    结论:CTVB是一种新的无创检查方法,可部分替代电子支气管镜检查
    Five of the seven patients were confirmed tumor with 1.5 to 20 cm in diameter in the bronchial tree by bronchoscopy,which the tumor cross-section was grey or white and hard.
    7例进行支气管镜检查中有5例在支气管腔内发现新生物. 肿瘤直径在1.5~20.0cm之间.
    Careful and exact preoperative examinations such as sputum cytology,bronchoscopy and transcutaneous lung biopsy is great helpful to the final correct diagnosis.
    手术标本表现假瘤瘤体极大,而癌灶极小可造成误诊或漏诊。 详尽的术前检查如痰细胞学检查,支气管镜检查及经皮肺针吸活检对确立最后正确诊断帮助较大。
    Objective Application of rigid bronchoscopy in airway management after lobectomy of lung was recommended, and its significance was discussed.
    介绍硬性支气管镜检查在胸科肺叶切除术后气道管理中的应用方法及其意义。
    Conclusion It was suggested that with the use of bronchoscopy the complications including postoperative atelectasis and bronchial-pleural fistulhation could be reduced.
    作者认为在肺叶切除术后行支气管镜检查可减少术后肺不张及支气管胸膜疼等并发症发生率。
    Methods:85 cases of central pulmonary carcinoma confirmed by pathology were reviewed and analyzed. All cases had frontal and lateral chest radiography,and bronchoscopy. Of them CT scans were performed in 40 cases.
    方法:回顾分析85例经病理证实的中央型肺癌,全部病例均有正侧位胸片和支气管镜检查,其中40例行CT检查,对各种检查结果进行对照分析。
    Method:reviewed and analyzed 1 416 results of bronchoscopy between 1983 and 1997.Result:In the patients underwent bronchoscopy and (or) biopsy,416 cases were lung cancer confirmed by pathology,the proportion is 29.4% ,in which 229 cases (55.0%) with direct sign (tubular mass) and 187 cases (45.0%) with indtrect sign.
    结果:经纤维支气管镜检查和(或)活检,病理证实的肺癌416例,占同期支气管镜检查的294%。 其中,可见直接征象(即管内肿物)229例(占550%),间接征象187例(占450%)。
    Autofluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB) is more sensitive than conventional white light bronchoscopy in localizing small premalignant and early malignant lesions involving the large airways, particularly when applied to high risk patients.
    对于支气管内早期肺癌和癌前病变的定位诊断,自发性荧光支气管镜检查(autofluorescencebronchoscopy,AFB)要比传统的普通光源支气管镜更加敏感,尤其适用于高危人群。
    Bronchoscopy performed immediately after operation in 16 patients and in the period of following up 6-36 months in 12 patients, the mucosa of bronchoplastic sites was smooth, no bronchial stenosis and no tumoral relapse.
    16例术毕和 12例在术后 6~36个月随访中做了支气管镜检查 ,成形的支气管部位黏膜光滑 ,未发现支气管狭窄及肿瘤复发。
    Results Microscopic residual disease at the bronchial resection margin were found in 16.7% of the patients(10/60). 19 cases were diagnosed as central type and 41 case as periphery type by preoperative bronchoscopy examination. The incidence of microscopic residual carcinoma was higher in central type than in peripheral type(36.8% vs.7.3%,P<0.05).
    结果 在 60例中手术后出现残端癌残留 10例 ,残端癌发生率 16.7% ,术前纤维支气管镜检查 ,能够在支气管腔内观察到肿瘤的 19例为中心型肺癌 ,其中残端癌残留 7例 ,阳性率高达 3 6.8% ,术前支气管镜检查阴性 41例为周围型 ,其中出现残端残留 3例 ,支气管残端癌发生率在中心型肺癌比周围型高 (P <0 .0 5 ) ;
    Methods Sixty-six patients, which were doubt as peripheral lung cancer and could not be viewed by normal bronchoscopy, were transbronchoscopic lung biopsy after determined the focus position by chest X-ray photo and computerized tomography (CT).
    方法通过胸部正侧位片及胸部CT片确定病灶部位后,对常规经支气管镜检查无法观察到病变的疑似周围型肺癌患者66例行经支气管镜肺活检。
 

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