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    Anatomic basis of perforating branch flap of medial vastus muscle and the restoration of trauma around knees
    股内侧肌穿支皮瓣的解剖学基础与膝周创伤修复
    1. The line between the two lowest edges of the pubic tupercles is equal to the middle point of the base-apex span of the prostate, and the symphysial arc to the posterior part of the membranous urethra.
    14.根据血供来源,阴囊皮瓣有:阴囊前动脉中隔支皮瓣,阴囊后动脉中隔支皮瓣,阴囊前动脉外侧支皮瓣和阴囊后动脉外侧支皮瓣,以及随意皮瓣;
    (2) A imitative operation of the thoracodorsal artery musculocutaneous perforator flap(TAMPF) and latissimus dorsi flap on 1 formolized adult cadavers(2 sides) was conducted.
    ②对1具(2侧)防腐成人尸体标本,作背阔肌肌皮穿支皮瓣及肌瓣与穿支瓣分离的共蒂“扇形”瓣进行模拟手术。
    Six different flaps were applied in the reconstructive operation, 14 plantaris medialis flaps, 4 flexor digitorum brevis muscle flaps, 3 abductor hallucis flaps, 7 latissimus dorsi flaps, 16 distal medialis flaps of leg pedicled with the cutaneous branch of posterior fibial artery, 2 foot dorsum flaps.
    其中足底内侧皮瓣 14例 ,趾短屈肌皮瓣 4例 ,口止母 展肌皮瓣 3例 ,背阔肌皮瓣 7例 ,小腿内侧远端胫后动脉皮肤穿支皮瓣 16例 ,足背皮瓣 2例。
    The np - thin intercostal flap was formed with 4th - 9th intercostal cutaneous perforator (ICP) .
    以4~9肋间动脉皮穿支为蒂的肋间穿支皮瓣可设计成斜型或垂直型。
    Objective To improve the surgical method of suprawrist cutaneous branch flap of ulnar artery.
    目的 对尺动脉腕上支皮瓣的手术方法进行改进。
    With the improved harvest method, the flaps were used to repair skin defects in 18 cases, of which included palm, dorsum,thenar,hypothenar and the thumb.
    临床应用尺动脉腕上支皮瓣修复手掌、手背、小鱼际、大鱼际、拇指的皮肤缺损创面 18例 ,提出了避免皮瓣坏死的方法。
    Objective To supply anatomic foundation for TRAM and DIEP flaps breast reconstruction with both sensory innervation and rectus abdominis muscle function preserved.
    目的 为开展保留感觉神经和部分腹直肌功能的下腹壁横行腹直肌肌皮瓣 (TRAM皮瓣 )及腹壁下动脉穿支皮瓣 (DIEP皮瓣 )乳房再造手术方法提供解剖学依据。
    Results This flap has all the advantages inherent in TRAM flap breast reconstruction and the donor site morbidities were avoided.
    结果20例双侧腹壁下动脉的双蒂穿支皮瓣病例全部成活;
    Methods Forty-three cases were diagnosed as severe contractures of the first web space according to Yu-dong Gu’s standard,18 cases were reconstructed with posterior interossous island forearm flap,and 9 cases were reconstructed with snuff-box flap,and 8 cases were reconstructed with dorsal transposition flap of the index finger,and 8 cases were reconstructed with groin tubular skin flap. After operation curative effects were evaluated by measuring hand’s function and the first web space.
    方法 从1991年1 月至 2001 年 7 月,采用前臂骨间背动脉逆行岛状皮瓣修复 18例,桡动脉鼻烟窝筋膜穿支皮瓣修复9例,示指近节背侧局部转移皮瓣修复 8 例,旋髂浅动脉为蒂的髂腹股沟皮管修复8例,以物理测量评价临床疗效,对所有数据进行统计学分析。
    This flap can be transferd pediclely to treat sacral pressure sores or to be transfered freely for the breast reconstruction.
    臀上动脉穿支皮瓣预期可行带蒂移植用于修复骶尾部褥疮等创面,也可成为乳房再造又一供区。
    Objective: To introduce the anatomical study and clinical experience of lateral retromalleolar perforator flap.
    目的:介绍外踝后穿支皮瓣的血管解剖基础与初步临床应用经验。
    Objective To investigate the effect of dexamethasone on the perforator flap.
    目的研究局部应用地塞米松对大鼠腹部穿支皮瓣成活率的影响。
    Conclusion Dexamethasone can improve the survival of the perforator flap.
    结论局部应用地塞米松能提高穿支皮瓣的成活率。
    Objective To introduce the clinical outcome of free vascularized flaps based on descending ramus of the above wrist cutaneous branch of the ulnar artery for coverage of soft tissue defect in the hand.
    目的介绍游离尺动脉腕上皮支下行支皮瓣修复手部创面的手术效果。
    Conclusion Free vascularized flap based on descending ramus of the above wrist cutaneous branch of the ulnar artery is an ideal flap for coverage of the hand due to its constant vascular anatomy and technical ease.
    结论应用尺动脉腕上皮支下行支皮瓣修复手部创面,血管解剖较恒定,操作简便,值得临床推广应用。
    Results 46 cases were undertaken breast reconstruction by DIEP flap. All of the 41 cases with double pedicle perforators survive.
    结果本组用腹壁下动脉穿支(deep inferior epigastric perforator,DIEP)皮瓣游离移植乳房再造,共46例,41例双蒂穿支皮瓣的病例全部成活;
    Objective To study the methods of creating a model with perforator-based skin flap and research the morphdogy of the flap.
    目的研究穿支皮瓣动物模型的建立方法,初步探讨其微血管构筑的形式。
    Methods Set up the animal model of the abdominal perforator-based flap in rat. 7 days later, the necrosis rate was compared between the perforator-based flap group and the random flap group.
    方法建立大鼠腹壁上动脉穿支皮瓣动物模型,术后7天时比较其与随意皮瓣成活率的差异; 乳胶灌注皮瓣,制作血管透明标本。
    Conclusion Making the model with abdominal perforator flap in rat was feasible. .
    结论在大鼠腹部建立穿支皮瓣动物模型是可行的。
 

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