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urinary tract
    Complications included a) vesicoureteric reflux in 12 patients (75%), b) chronic urinary tract infection in 9 (52.6%), c) urinary calculi in 7 and d) contracted bladder in 2. Conclusions: The urinary continence after bladder exstrophy repair is satisfactory.
    并发症:膀胱输尿管返流12例(占75%),长期泌尿系感染9例(占52.6%),泌尿系结石7例,膀胱挛缩2例。
    As for the gynecological diseases,the morbidity rate of cervicitis (40 3%),vaginitis(7 1%),pelvic inflammation(2 4%) and chronic urinary tract infection(9.3%) were also found to be significantly higher than that of control group.
    妇科疾患中,宫颈炎、阴道炎、盆腔炎的患病率各为403%、71%、24%,慢性泌尿系感染率93%,显著高于对照组。
    Methods:Clinical data of 5 cases of aspergillosis of the urinary tract were analysed.
    方法:对1993年以来诊治的5例泌尿系曲菌病患者临床资料进行分析。
    Objective To evaluate the changes of Interleukin 8 (IL 8) in serum and urine of patients with acute urinary tract infection and its clinical significance.
    目的 探讨急性泌尿系感染病人血清和尿 IL - 8水平的变化及临床意义。
    Results Levels of IL 8 in urine of patients with acute urinary tract infection were obviously higher than that of control group ( P < 0.001).
    结果 急性泌尿系感染病人尿 IL - 8水平明显高于正常对照组 (P<0 .0 0 1) ;
    Methods: The urine samples of 20 cases before the resection of bladder cancer,12 cases after the resection of bladder cancer,20 cases with benign urinary tract conditions and 20 cases normal healthy volunteers were examined using ELISA.
    方法 :应用酶联免疫法检测20例膀胱癌术前、12例膀胱癌术后、20例良性泌尿系疾病及20例正常健康志愿者尿液中的NMP22的含量。
    The median urinary NMP22 levels in the patients with benign urinary tract conditions was 5.77u/ml,and the positive rate was 30%.
    良性泌尿系疾病尿NMP22中位数为5.77u/ml,阳性率30 % ;
    The median levels of urinary NMP22 in the patients with bladder cancer was significantly greater than that in the patients with benign urinary tract conditions(P<0.01,1-tailed Mann-Whitney test).
    膀胱癌患者尿NMP22中位数显著高于良性泌尿系疾病患者尿NMP22中位数 (P<0.01 ,单尾秩和检验 )。
    To evaluate the cost effectiveness of ceftriaxone vs ciprofloxacin for acute urinary tract infection,data from the 40 patients based on literature were analysed with the theory of pharmacoeconomics.
    运用药物经济学的原理 ,以文献为依据 ,对 40例患者分别用头孢曲松钠和环丙沙星治疗急性泌尿系感染的效果进行成本效果分析 ,得出在两药中以头孢曲松钠为治疗急性泌尿系感染的较佳方案的结论。
    Results47 of 57 patients were identified with urinary tract infection(82.5%).
    结果本组女性脊髓损伤患者的泌尿系感染发生率为 82 .5 %。
    Results The incidence of urinary tract infection of ADPKD in this group was 26.4%.
    结果 本组ADPKD泌尿系感染的发生率为2 6 .4%。
    METHODS: A total 113 patients (M 61, F 52; age 39 a± s 16 a) consisted of respiratory tract (66 patients), urinary tract (31 patients) and gastrointestinal tract (16 patients) infection were treated with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid injection 1.2 g, iv, bid or tid for 5 d±3 d, then amoxicillin/clavulanic acid tablet 375 750 mg, po , tid for 7-14 d.
    方法 :用阿莫西林 克拉维酸治疗呼吸道感染 6 6例 ,泌尿系感染 31例和消化道感染 16例共 113例 (男性 6 1例 ,女性 5 2例 ,年龄 39a±s 16a)。 静脉注射 1.2 g ,每日 2~ 3次 ,5d± 3d后改为 0 .375~ 0 .75 g口服 ,每日 3次 ,总疗程 7~ 14d。
    Of 15 patients with nosocomial infection, 10 had pulmonary infection, 3 urinary tract infection and 2 int-racranial infection.
    15例院内感染中,肺部感染10例,泌尿系感染3例,颅内感染2例。
    The related factors of gross hematuria were hypertension(52.1%), urinary tract infection(45.0%), upper urinary tract stones(24.6%), sports or strenuous activity(20.2%)and trauma(2.6%).
    与血尿相关的因素有高血压 (5 2 .1% )、泌尿系感染 (45 .0 % )、上尿路结石 (2 4 .6 % )、运动或用力过度(2 0 .2 % )和外伤 (2 .6 % )。
    Methods The reasons which caused the increased urinary tract infection after the postoperative urethral catheterization were analysed by prospective and retrospective methods.
    方法 采用前瞻性调查与回顾性调查相结合的方法,对妇产科手术后患者留置尿管而引发泌尿系感染率增高的原因进行调查和分析。
    Objective To evaluate the effect and safety of the frequency-doubled double-pulse U-100 neodymium of YAG (Nd:YAG) laser lithotripsy of calculi in the urinary tract.
    目的 探讨双频双脉冲U 10 0掺钕钇铝石榴石 (Nd :YAG )激光粉碎泌尿系结石的疗效及安全性。
    Methods CK20 mRNA in exfoliated urinary cells of 38 patients with TCC of the urinary tract, 6 non-TCC cancer patients, 14 non-cancerous patients and 7 healthy volunteers was detected.
    方法 采用逆转录聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)检测38例TCC患者、6例泌尿系非移行细胞癌肿瘤患者、14例泌尿科非肿瘤患者以及7例健康志愿者尿脱落细胞CK20表达。
    MethodsRetrospective surveys of nosocomial infection including risk factors, pathogen analysis and drug sensitivity tests were carried out for 88 cases with spinal cord injury in our hospital from 1996 to 2002.ResultsIt showed that the rate of nosocomial infection was 90.91% with 46.59% of urinary tract infection and 32.95% of respiratory tract infection.
    方法对 1996年 1月— 2 0 0 2年 12月 ,我院收治的 88例脊髓损伤患者的医院感染情况即危险因素、病原体分析及药敏实验进行回顾性调查。 结果医院感染率为 90 .91% ,其中主要为泌尿系感染(4 6.5 9% ) ,其次为呼吸道感染 (3 2 .95 % ) ;
    Objective:To explore the methods of perioperative period treatment on hyperglycemic large bowel cancer Methods:From 1997 to 2002, 70 patients of large bowel cancer with hyperglycemia undergone operations in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively Results:70 cases all underwent elective operations The morbidity of postoperative complications: anastomotic leak 8 8%(3/34),wound infection 20 6%, pneumonia 2 9%, urinary tract infection 2 9% There were no postoperative diabetic ketoacidosis and operative death.
    方法 :对 1 997~ 2 0 0 2年外科治疗的 70例高血糖大肠癌 (空腹血糖大于 6 .1 m mol/ L )病人作回顾性分析。 结果 :70例病人均作择期手术 ,术后并发症发生率 :吻合口瘘占 8.8% (3/ 34) ,切口感染2 0 .6 % ,肺部感染、泌尿系感染均为 2 .9%。
    Postoperative complications included 1 case of bleeding,1 case of respiratory tract infection,1 case of urinary tract infection,1 case of slight hepatic encephalopathy and 4 cases of ascite increase.
    术中无损伤 ,术后出血 1例 ,肺部感染 1例 ,泌尿系感染 1例 ,轻度肝性脑病 1例 ,腹水增多 4例。
 

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