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cutaneous branches
    Clinical Anatomical Study on the Dorsal Metacarpal Flap with Cutaneous Branches of Dorsal Metacarpal Artery
    掌背动脉皮支皮瓣临床解剖学研究
    CA. predominate. (3) CA within the lower part of skin flap derive from 7-12th lateral cutaneous branches of intercostal artery.
    3.下部皮瓣内的皮动脉来自第7~12肋间动脉外侧皮支,其走向与肋间隙相一致,每个肋间隙均有相应的皮动脉出现。
    The average number of the branch of the ulnar artery was 12.4(7.6 muscular branches, 4.8 fascial and cutaneous branches).
    尺动脉平均分出12.4支,其中肌支7.6支,筋膜皮支4.8支.
    These branches anastomose extensively with cutaneous branches of the network of arteries over wrist.
    这些皮动脉与腕部动脉网的皮支间有广泛的交通与吻合。
    Results:The breast received its innervation from the lateral and anterior cutaneous branches of the second to the sixth intercostal nerves.
    结果 :第 2~ 6肋间神经的外侧皮支与前皮支都到达并支配乳房 ,未发现锁骨上神经分支到达乳房。
    Seventy nine mechanoreceptive units were recorded from the T12 nerve filaments after stimulation of the dorsal cutaneous branches of T9 spinal nerve. It was found that the discharge frequency of 59 3% (16/27) Aδ units and 71 2% (37/52) C units significantly increased during 90~120 s after the stimulation.
    刺激T9脊神经背侧皮支 ,在T12神经细束上记录到 5 9 3%(16 / 2 7)的Aδ和 71 2 % (37/ 5 2 )的C类单位在刺激后 90~ 12 0s放电显著增加。
    Sixty four mechanoreceptive units were recorded from the T12 nerve filaments after stimulation of the dorsal cutaneous branches of T8 spinal nerves. The discharge frequency of 47 8% (11/23) Aδ units and 36 6% (15/41) C units significantly increased during 120~150 s after the stimulation.
    刺激T8脊神经背侧皮支 ,在T12神经细束上记录到 4 7 8% (11/ 2 3)的Aδ单位和 36 6 % (15 / 4 1)的C类单位在刺激后 12 0~ 15 0s放电显著增加。
    the intermuscular spaces perforating branches of radial artery being superior of radius styloid process about 8.0~15.0 cm (1~3 branches) with diameter of (1.1±0.2)mm. Periosteal vessels net distributed to expose of distal-middle radius, the diameter of its cutaneous branches were about 0.8±0.2 mm.
    在桡骨茎突上8.0~15.0 cm之间,桡动脉肌间隙骨皮支1~3支,外径(1.1±0.2) mm,骨膜支分布桡骨体部中下段的裸露区,皮支外径(0.8±0.2)mm。
    Results: The origin of nutritional vessels of the posterior cutaneous nerve of forearm was as follows: the cutaneous branches of radial collateral vessels (2~6 branches) with external diameter of (0.6±0.3)mm;
    结果:前臂后皮神经营养血管来自:桡侧副动脉皮支2~6支,外径(0.6±0.3) mm;
    cutaneous branches of posterior interosseous artery (6~9 branches) with external diameter of (0.7±0.3)mm;
    骨间后动脉皮支6~9支,外径(0.7±0.3) mm;
    cutaneous branches of dorsal carpal branch of anterior interosseous artery (3~5 branches) with external diameter of (0.8±0.2)mm;
    骨间前动脉腕背支皮支3~5支,外径(0.8±0.2) mm;
    cutaneous branches of dorsal carpal branch of ulnar artery and radial artery (2~6 branches) with external diameter of (0.6±0.1)mm.
    尺、桡动脉腕背支皮支2~6支,外径(0.6±0.1) mm。
    Results The origins of nutrient vessel of the 1/3 inferior segment of the basilic vein-medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve was as follows: the cutaneous branches of ulnar artery(5~9 branches) and the cutaneous branches of ulnar artery of upper wrist (1~3 branches) with external diameter of 0.4~1.2 mm.
    结果贵要静脉前臂内侧皮神经下1/3段的营养血管来自:尺动脉穿皮支5~9支,尺动脉腕上穿皮支1~3支,外径0.4~1.3mm。
    the cutaneous branches of medial inferior genicular artery, diameter of 0.7±0.2 mm;
    膝下内动脉皮支,外径0.7±0.2mm;
    Methods By means of single fiber electrophysiological recordings on the nerve filaments isolated from the dorsal cutaneous branches of the T9-T13 spinal nerves, the effects of αβme-ATP (100 μmol/L, 10 μl) injection into the cutaneous receptive field on the mechanical threshold and spontaneous discharge of rat primary sensory afferent units were observed.
    方法在大鼠T9~T13脊神经背侧皮支分离细束,进行单纤维电生理学记录,观察相应皮肤感受野注射αβme-ATP(100μmol/L,10μl)或生理盐水对皮肤感受单位机械阈值和自发放电的影响及时程变化。
    ③ The origins of nutrient vesselof posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve was as follows: radial collateralartery cutaneous branches 2- 6 branches, osteal cutaneous branches of ul-naris of posterior interosseous artery 1 - 3 branches, osteal cutaneousbranches of radialis 1- 2 branches, dorsal carpal cutaneous branches of in-terior interosseous artery 3- 5 branches.
    ③前臂后皮神经营养血管来自桡侧副动脉穿皮支2~6支,骨间后动脉尺侧骨穿皮支1~3支,桡侧骨穿皮支一两支,骨间前动脉腕背支穿皮支3~5支。
    Above men-tioned cutaneous branches’external diameter were 0.5- 0.8 mm, which o-riginated from cutaneous branches, fascia branches, periosteum branches,nerve- superficial vein nutrition vessel and form cutaneous nerve - cephalicvein vessel chain and deep and superficial fascia and periosteum rete vas-culosum.
    上述穿皮支平均外径在0.5~0.8mm,发皮支、筋膜支、皮神经-浅静脉营养血管,形成皮神经-浅静脉血管链以及深、浅筋膜血管网。
    Results:The origins of nutrient vessel of the 1/3 inferior segment of the cephalic vein and lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve was as follows:the cutaneous branches of radial artery,cutaneous branches of superficial palmar branch,cutaneous branches of malleolus radialis recurrent branch.
    结果:头静脉-前臂外侧皮神经下1/3段的营养血管来自:桡动脉皮支,掌浅支皮支,桡骨茎突返支皮支和桡动脉肌间隙骨皮支
    RESULTS: ①The origins of nutrient vessel of the saphenous nerve-great saphenous vein forearm was as follows: The cutaneous branches of saphena artery 3-5 branches, cutaneous branches of artery genu inferior medialis and spatium intermusculare branches of posterior tibial artery 2-7 branches, bone cutaneous perforating branches 1-2 branches, cutaneous perforating branch of anterior medialis of ankle, cutaneous perforating branch of upper of ankle and fascia perforating branch of ankle tube 4-5 branches.
    结果:①隐神经-大隐静脉营养血管来源:隐动脉(3~5支)穿皮支、膝下内动脉穿皮支、胫后动脉肌间隙支(2~7)、骨皮穿支(1~2)支、踝前内侧穿皮支、踝上穿皮支和踝管筋膜穿皮支(4~5支)。
    Above-mentioned perforating branches with average outside diameter of 0.3-1.6 mm, which originated from cutaneous branches, anadesma branches, periosteum branches, nerve-superficial vein nutrition vessel and form cutaneous nerve-cephalic vein vessel chain with deep and superficial fascia and periosteum rete.
    上述穿皮支平均外径在0.3~1.6mm,发出皮支、筋膜支、皮神经-浅静脉营养血管,形成皮神经-浅静脉血管链以及深、浅筋膜血管网。
 

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