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salt iodine
    Children's urinary iodine median correlated with water iodine median (Spearman R=0.539,P=0.038<0.05), but not with salt iodine median.
    儿童的尿碘中位数与水碘中位数相关(SpearmanR=0.539,P=0.038<0.05),而与盐碘中位数不相关。
    Conclusion There was mild iodine deficiency in coastal areas of Huidong County and the suitable salt iodine concentration should be 25±5 mg/kg in order to prevent iodine deficiency disorders by utilizing iodine salt.
    结论 惠东县沿海地区为轻度缺碘地区 ,要实行全民食盐加碘防治碘缺乏病 ,其适宜盐碘浓度为 2 5± 5mg/kg。
    Methods Taking urinary iodine as response variable, salt iodine and altitude as independent variable, linear regression and spatial autoregressive models were made.
    方法 资料来源于四川省 95、97、99年碘缺乏病监测资料 ,以尿碘水平为应变量 ,盐碘水平与海拔为自变量分别对三年的资料拟合直线回归与空间自回归模型。
    Results 69.8%,32.8%,43.9% variations of children urinary iodine were caused by salt iodine, altitude and spatial autocorrelation in 1995,1997 and 1999, took altitude away, 57.6%,21.4%,18.8% of variations of urinary iodine were caused by other spatial factors.
    结果 三年儿童尿碘总变异中 ,由盐碘、海拔及空间自相关三者所解释的变异占总变异的 6 9 8%、32 8%、4 3 9% ; 扣除海拔后 ,由其它空间变异所解释的变异分别为 5 7 6 %、2 1 4 %、18 8%。
    -Result- Thyroid gland swell rate of children is 3.34%,the median of urine iodine is 124.3μg/L, there is no specimen which median of urine iodine is lower 50μg/L, salt iodine is 25.79±10.23mg/Kg, the percentage of household consuming effective iodine salt is 94.0%.
    [结果]儿童甲肿率3.3%,尿碘中位数124.3μg/L,无<50μg/L者,盐碘25.79±10.23 mg/kg,合格碘盐食用率84.0%。
    [Methods]To surveillance goiter,urinary iodine,and salt iodine among children aged 8 to 10 every two years in Sha county from 1995 to 2005.[Results]Goiter prevalence of children decreased remarkably(P<0.01) especially for 10-year group and girls(P<0.01).
    [方法]沙县1995~2005年每2年抽取部分8~10岁儿童进行甲状腺肿大、尿碘和家庭用盐碘水平检测。 [结果]儿童甲状腺肿大率明显下降(P<0.01),10岁和女童下降较为明显(P<0.01)。
    A study on the variation of goiter rates,urinary iodine and household salt iodine intake among children in West China
    中国西部地区儿童甲状腺肿大率、尿碘、盐碘变异程度的分析
    Objective To study the factors leading to the variation of children's total goiter rates, urine iodine and salt iodine in West China.
    目的 研究影响或导致儿童甲状腺肿大率 (甲肿率 )、尿碘、盐碘三项指标变异程度的因素。
    Results We analyzed 346 lactating women and their families'salt. The coverage of iodized salt was 24.8%,the median salt iodine was 28.8 mg/kg and the median urinary iodine was 73.0 μg/L.
    结果 全县 6个乡镇共调查了 3 46份哺乳妇女家庭食用盐 ,碘盐覆盖率为 2 4.8%,碘盐中位数为 2 8.8mg/kg。 尿碘中位数为 70 .3 μg/L。
    Positive correlation was showed between the level of urinary iodine and salt iodine, negative correlation was showed between urinary iodine and altitude.
    尿碘水平与盐碘水平呈现正相关 ,与海拔呈现负相关。
    Methods One hundred and fifty preschool children from five kindergartens were selected by randomly sampling according to the location of kindergartens. Development quotient(DQ),volume of thyroid,physical growth and development of children and urinary iodine,water and salt iodine were detected and their correlation was analyzed.
    方法按照东、西、南、北、中抽取兰州市城区5所幼儿园,每所幼儿园随机抽取150名儿童,对其进行神经心理发育商(DQ)、甲状腺体积、体格发育状况、尿碘及儿童食堂食用盐碘、饮用水碘的测查,并进行相关分析。
 

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