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    The essential reason of the degeneration of the ecological environment in northwest region lies in the human's activities.
    西北地区生态环境恶化的根本原因在于人类活动。
    The concerned domestic theories commonly focus on two respects: the one is aimed at the microcosmic mechanism analysis, i.e. the study of the ecological environment governance institution;
    国内学者关于西北地区生态环境治理制度的论述一般集中于两方面,一是针对治理制度的微观机理分析,如生态环境治理制度研究;
    Taking the existent problem in the current situation and governance of northwest region as background, using the Property Right Theory and the Game Theory, this article reveals the reason of the low-effect in the governance of the ecological environment, roundly analyzes the blemish of the currently governance institution whose core is the Rural Land Property Right System, and tries to establish the basic structure of the innovation of the ecological environment governance institution in northwest region by using The Theory of The New Institution Economics.
    本文以西北地区生态环境现状和治理工作中存在的问题为背景,运用产权理论和博弈论,揭示了西北地区生态治理活动低效的根源,较为全面地分析了以现行农村土地产权制度为核心的治理制度的缺陷,尝试运用新制度经济学的理论构建西北地区生态环境治理制度创新的基本框架。
    The third part clarifies the current situation of the ecological environment in northwest region as well as its harm.
    第三部分阐述西北地区生态环境现状及其危害。
    The sixth part is the core of the whole article, combines the flux of the Rural Land Property Right System to sketch the basic structure of the innovation of the ecological environment governance institution in northwest region.
    第六部分是全文的核心,结合农村土地产权制度变迁勾画出西北地区生态环境治理制度创新的基本框架。
    On this basis, combined characteristics of current ecological environment and material industry of the Northwest, has emphatically probed into the necessity and advantages to develop Eco-material in the Northwest.
    基此,结合西北地区生态环境及材料产业现状,着重探讨了西北地区发展环境材料的必要性及优势所在。
    Based on the research of urban planning, ecology, geography and the idea of constructive environmental protection, according to the cities' characters in the region of sensitive ecosystem, and through the analysis of Xuejiawan's planning layout structure, the thesis put forward out the planning layout structure mode of Xuejiawan and the planning layout structure mode of sensitive ecosystem region in northwest China, in order to guide human settlements construct and city's healthy development.
    论文针对西北生态环境脆弱地区煤炭资源型城市特点,基于城市规划学、生态学、地理学和“建设性环境保护思想”等,通过对薛家湾城市发展中规划布局结构的分析和预测,建立适合薛家湾城市发展的布局结构,并根据西北地区生态环境特征,提出适宜西北生态环境脆弱地区煤炭资源型城市发展的规划布局结构模式,达到指导人居环境建设、城市健康发展的目的。
    Finally, Based on the research conclusion of zoology environment of northwest area, combining cities planning layout structure mode of Xuejiawan the thesis comes to a conclusion that coal mining cities planning layout structure mode in sensitive ecosystem area of northwest and urban planning principle.
    论文最后通过借用西北地区生态环境研究的结论,结合薛家湾城市布局结构发展模式,演绎出西北生态环境脆弱地区煤炭资源型布局结构模式和规划原则的论文结论。
    In qualitative prospect, the fragile and polluted ecology environment restrict the fast development of economy. The conclusion is that the state between environment and economy of NWAC is imbalanced.
    从定性的角度:西北地区的生态环境脆弱,污染较为严重,在很多方面制约或阻碍了经济的高速发展,因此得出结论:西北地区环境与经济发展的状态是失衡的。
    This research technique that has utilized really certificate analysis partially stands , is northwest and actual , combine information data, part for Ningxia realistic urgent needs of ecological immigrant ecological morals found , northwest area ecological environment worsen to review ecological morals found as well as northwest area economic sustainable development urge ecological morals found 3 problems analyse and explain.
    这一部分运用了实证分析的研究方法,立足西北实际,结合资料数据,分别对宁夏生态移民的现实迫切需要生态道德、西北地区生态环境恶化反思生态道德的构建以及西北地区经济可持续发展催生生态道德的构建三个问题进行了分析和说明。
    Irrigation had not only positive but also negative effects on eco-environment.
    灌溉对西北地区的生态环境既有正效益,也有负效益。
    Methods analyze and assess the eco environmental status of the northwest region of Yunnan Province by integrating qualitative analysis method and quantitative assessment method.
    采用定性分析与定量评价相结合的方法 ,对滇西北地区的生态环境状况进行了分析评价。
    The protection of eco environment and bio diversity and culture diversity of the northwest region of Yunnan Province may greatly affect the social and economical development and eco environmental protection of its lower reaches areas.
    滇西北地区生态环境的保护以及生物、文化多样性保护等对下游地区的社会经济和生态环境保护有巨大影响。
    This paper deals with the current situation and developmental trend of ecological environment in the northwest area. It analyzes the main ecological problems which restrict the development of the northwestern area, such as soil erosion, desertification, drought, water resources and ecological resources security, natural geologic disasters (landslide and mud rock flow), the degradation of ecological systems, environmental pollution of point or area sources, and the harmony of regional development.
    本文从西北地区生态环境现状及发展趋势角度,分析了制约西北地区发展诸如水土流失、荒漠化、水资源和干旱、生态资源安全、滑坡及泥石流等自然地质灾害、生态系统退化、点面源环境污染、区域发展的协调性等的主要环境问题。
    Its purpose is to present the theoretical references and technological methods for the ecological rebuildment of ecological environment in the northwestern area.
    其目的是为西北地区生态环境综合整治和生态重建提供理论依据和技术途径。
    But the west of China locates in a very special zone, the ecological environment is very fragile. It becomes an urgent problem to pursue sustainable development for ecological environment and how to ensure economic development meanwhile in the west.
    但是 ,由于西北地区极其特殊的地理位置 ,生态环境非常脆弱 ,如何在保证西部经济建设的同时 ,实现西北地区生态环境的可持续发展就成为一个亟待解决的问题。
    Based on the analysis of ecological environment in the west, we extend the thought of “three circle pattern” for sustainable devclopment of ecological environment in semi-arid area, which proposed by professor Zhang Xinshi and has been demonstrated in Ordos plateau to whole the west of China in order to instruct the environment development in the west of China.
    本文在分析西北地区生态环境特殊性的基础上 ,将张新时先生在鄂尔多斯高原提出并得到验证的半干旱区生态环境可持续发展的“三圈”模式思想推广至整个西北地区 ,指导西北地区的宏观生态环境建设。
    Through introducing the development and the changes of the organisms' habits environment, the article submits the sustainable development methods which is the center on the organisms' habits construction to develop the Northwest.
    为了顺利发展西北地区经济 ,探讨了西北地区生态环境的演变 ,客观分析了西北生态逐步恶化的原因 ,进而提出了开发西北必须以生态建设为重点的可持续发展战略
    Through analysis of the present northwestern eco environment situation, and the discussion of eco environment evolnging mechanism, the authors think that eco reconstruction is a process which has a close relation with natural conditions, social conditions and engineering & technical system. Then measures of eco reconstruction are raised.
    通过西北地区生态环境的现状分析 ,探讨生态环境演变的机制 ,认为生态重建是一个与自然条件、社会条件和工程技术系统紧密相关的过程 ,提出生态重建的对策
    The Paper point out the policy of bartering land for ecological environment, what investor can gain freely right of using land after afforestring, base on the analysis of the background ecological environmental construction and the system of investment management in northwest area of China. The authors point out the measures of implementing the policy of bartering land for ecological euvironment and the issues needed to be paid atlention to environment.
    在分析我国西北地区生态环境建设背景和投资管理的基础上 ,提出了投资主体在完成一定植树面积后 ,即可无偿获得一部分土地使用权的以土地换生态的林业政策构想 ,阐述了实施以土地换生态的林业政策措施及应注意的几个问题
 

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