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northwest frontier
    Brief Accounts on National Legislation at Northwest Frontier Regions in the Qing Dynasty
    试论清王朝在西北边疆地区的民族立法
    The Policy Of The Administration Under The Custom In Northwest Frontier At The Early Days Of The Ching Dynasty
    略论清代前期西北边疆的“因俗而治”政策
    On the Feature of Historical Geography in Northwest Frontier During Jiaqin and Daoguang of Qing Dynasty
    论嘉道年间西北边疆史地学的特点
    Here are the main idea: Ming dynasty government adopts special frontier policy to set up seven garrisons in the west of Jiayu Pass is just because of its special situation of northwest frontier.
    认为:正是明代特殊的西北边疆形势,才使明政府采取了特殊的边疆政策——设置关西七卫。
    The Northwest frontier of China situated in the hinterland of Eurasia, and it is an important part of so called the strong point of "World Island" in the traditional theory of Geopolitics.
    中国西北边疆地处欧亚大陆腹地,是传统地缘政治理论中所谓的“世界岛”战略支点的重要组成部分。
    As a vital strategic security barrier of China, the stability of northwest frontier would not only influence the security and stability of China but also closely related to the stability of Central Asia and even the whole Asia.
    作为我国重要的安全战略屏障,西北边疆的稳定不仅关系到我国的安全与稳定,而且关系到中亚乃至整个亚洲格局的稳定。
    Therefore, based on the international factors, positive defense against external negative influence must be taken to guarantee the stability of the northwest frontier of China.
    因此,从国际影响因素来看,要实现我国西北边疆稳定,就要积极抵御来自外部的消极影响。
    To be specific, firstly, the good relations between Central Asian countries and China's northwest frontier area must be further developed, and the great influence of SCO(ShangHai Cooperation Organization) must be strengthened;
    具体而言,一是要进一步发展与我国西北边疆地区周边国家特别是中亚国家的友好关系,加强上海合作组织在这一地区的作用;
    thirdly, the culture of Chinese characteristics must be fulfilled gradually, and the distinct culture identity between Chinese culture and neighboring countries should be realized by the minority in the northwest frontier area, what's more, the negative effect of external culture should be guard against, thereby maintain the lasting stability and durable peace of the northwest frontier of China,
    三是要努力建设中国特色社会主义新文化,加强我国西北边疆少数民族对中华文化及周边国家文化与中华文化之间的认同,积极抵御外来极端文化的消极影响,从而实现我国西北边疆地区的长治久安。
    The aims of the policy of the administration under the custom,which was carried ont in the northwest frontier at the early days of Ching dynasty,is to strengthen the efficient management of the minority nationality regions in the northwest frontier and to keep the society stable according to the historic tradition,social condition and custom of the minority nationality.
    清代前期在西北边疆地区所实行的“因俗而治”政策 ,实际上是根据少数民族的历史传统、社会情况、风俗习惯等所制定的、目的在于加强对西北边疆民族地区的有效管理 ,实现西北边疆地区社会稳定的治边政策。
    The research had great effort both to the defense of Chinas northwest frontier then and to later research.
    这次研究对当时西北边疆的保卫及对后来的研究都有很大的影响。
    In the 1930s, when China was confronted with serious economic, political and national crises, newspapers and periodicals published large numbers of papers, appealing to exploit and develop the Northwest frontier.
    在 2 0世纪 30年代 ,中国面临着严重的经济危机、政治危机和民族危机 ,各报刊杂志纷纷刊登开发西北边疆的文章 ,喊出了开发西北的呼声。
    The author holds that the studies on Northwest China's ethnic groups in the first half of the 20th century, which were started hand in hand with the second wave of Northwest frontier studies, encompass mainly the following five aspects: northwest frontier studies, studies of the ethnic groups in the bordering areas of Gansu, Shaanxi and Ningxia provinces, historical and cultural studies of the Islamic people, Tibetan studies and studies of the Xinjiang ethnic groups.
    20世纪上半叶的西北少数民族研究是伴随着近代西北边疆研究的第二次高潮展开的。 从近代西北边疆研究的第二次高潮、陕甘宁边区的民族研究、西北回族伊斯兰教的历史文化研究、西北藏族研究、新疆少数民族研究五个层面,对20世纪上半叶的西北少数民族研究状况、成果和特点,进行了介绍和分析。
    After reuniting the Northwest frontier,the Qing Dynasty formulated a series of elementary law and separate custom suitable for this region based on the principles of the unification of country's law and regulations popularly and appropriatly in the name of government.
    清朝重新统一西北边疆民族地区以后,本着国家法制统一和从俗从宜的原则,制定了一系列适用于西北边疆各少数民族的基本法和单行法,以朝廷名义颁布下达。
    The function of psychological mediation,one of the Islamic social functions,has proved to be of great significance to maintain the stability in the northwest frontier region of China.
    心理调适功能是伊斯兰教的诸多社会功能之一,对维护我国西北边疆地区的稳定具有重要意义。
    After suppressing the Revolt of the Three Feudatories,the Qing court devoted more energy to Junggar tribe to resolve the problem of northwest frontier of China.
    清朝平定“三藩”后,开始把精力转向准噶尔部,着手解决西北边疆问题。
 

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