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讨价还价
    In order to remedy deficiencies in present studies on cooperation between supply chain enterprises, a bargaining game model is proposed with important traits of random offer pattern and breakdown possibility during the negotiation.
    针对现有的供应链企业合作问题相关研究的局限性,构造了供应链企业合作的讨价还价博弈模型。
    The model comprehensively describes factors that influence the total acquisition cost of the component. These factors include market environment, component characteristics, price stability, profit margin, relative bargaining power between the buyer and its suppliers, the degree of coopetition and coordination costs, etc.
    该模型描述了影响零部件总采购成本的各种因素,包括市场环境、产品特征、价格稳定程度、边际利润率、买主与供应商的相对讨价还价能力、合作竞争程度与合作成本等.
    On the basis of a brief introduction of game theory, this paper incorporates classical game models such as Prisoners Dilemma, Boxed Pigs, Chicken Game and Bargaining Game to simulate the existing games in domain of hydraulic and hydropower construction in China.
    在简单介绍博弈论的基础上,采用经典的囚徒困境、智猪博弈、斗鸡博弈和讨价还价等博弈模型,对我国水利水电建设中存在的博弈进行了模拟。
    Based on review on negotiation and bargaining theory, this paper sets up a bargaining model in corporate mergers and acquisitions, and solve the model with the aid of game theory instrument.
    借鉴协商和讨价还价理论,建立了企业并购谈判模型,利用博弈论工具对模型进行了求解.
    The process of accession negotiations between Poland and the EU is not only a process that the EU institutionalizes Poland according to its ideas and principals,but also a process of Poland bargaining for its own interests.
    波兰与欧盟的入盟谈判过程 ,不仅是欧盟以自身共同体的制度和方式塑造和规制波兰的过程 ,同时也是波兰为自身利益讨价还价的过程。
    In the third model,we discuss a Pareto efficient cooperative promotion program. Finally we use Nash bargaining approach and utility theory in the Pareto efficient scheme to determine the best cooperative program.
    最后以前两种情形为参照,建立了厂商和销售商之间Pareto改进的合作促销模型,并利用Nash讨价还价和效用理论得出了Pareto改进情形下的最优结果。
    The distribution and redistribution of authority among related interest groups through bargaining mark the micro logic of SOE reforms in China.
    权威度在各相关利益集团“讨价还价”博弈中的分配与再分配过程正是中国企业改革的微观逻辑线。
    the other is on micro-level,where the borrower sets the rate on his own after consultation or bargaining subject to the project to be financed.
    二是在微观层面上,表现为具体融资项目的当事人根据项目的特点,通过协商或讨价还价,自主决定融资项目的利率。
    Utilizing the Rubinstein bargaining model, we discuss how to distribute the system profit remained and obtain the best feasible Pareto efficient co_op new product R&D project.
    最后,采用Rubinstein讨价还价模型来分析系统剩余利润的分配问题,并获得了最优的可行帕累托有效合作新产品研发方案.
    On the assumption that all bargaining power was possessed by manufacture, two incentive conditions(the transfer prices) were concluded: the incentive condition of the first-best production quantity and the incentive condition of the first-best investment under the first-best production quantity.
    在假定制造商拥有所有讨价还价的权力的条件下,从对最优产量的激励和对在最优产量下最优投资的激励2个方面得出了激励条件。
    This paper firstly talk about the general condition for Pareto optimality in the VMI system where non-cooperation game occurs considering pricing, production capacity and raw material procurement. Secondly the feasible set for Pareto optimality based on the Stackelberg equilibrium is developed. Thirdly we proposed a Nash bargaining model that can realize the Pareto optimality for the manufacturer and all retailers.
    首先讨论在考虑定价、生产能力和原料采购的VMI系统非合作博弈的基础上实现VMI系统Pareto最优的一般条件,其次给出了在Stackelberg博弈下的可行Pareto最优集问题,然后提出了实现生产商和定货商Pareto最优的Nash讨价还价模型,最后给出了算例加以说明合作给企业带来了较大的利润增加.
    In the special areas local authorities,housing development and householders are the active“action parties”,the demolition rule is always the knowledge for the three parties to use in bargaining for their own interests but their action choice can not be limited completely by rules.
    在拆迁所形成的特定“场域”中,地方政府、开发商与被拆迁人等主要的三类利益主体是能动的“行动者”,已有的拆迁制度往往是他们为实现利益目标进行讨价还价的知识或策略,但制度并不完全限制他们的行动选择,拆迁制度的不断完善并没有从根本上改变拆迁中的矛盾和冲突。
    Due to the incompleteness of information and bargaining between the economic entities,Equilibrium Area exists universally,and could be used as a useful analytical method to better describe and reveal the various possibilities of the game among the economic entities in actual society.
    由于信息不完备和经济主体之间的讨价还价,均衡域的存在具有普遍性和广泛性,因而均衡域作为一种分析工具,可以更好地描述和揭示现实经济生活中经济主体之间博弈结果的多种可能性。
    Second is the conflict between rural culture emphasized on the bonds of friendship and rational culture of market- oriented economy on the basis of bargaining.
    二是重视情谊的乡村文化,与讨价还价的市场经济理性文化的冲突;
    During the delivery and payment,the participation of broker can improve the mutual trust between both parties with direct bargaining available,thus improving the efficiency.
    由中介参与的付款与交货流程,提高了双方的互相信任程度; 交易双方的直接讨价还价,提高了效率;
    This paper constructs the bargain game model with incomplete information and alternating offers between power generation company and power consumer,by using the thought of Rubinstein alternating offers. Then solving the model and analyzing the conclusions,it believes that,whether the two bargainers can reach the bargain lies on "the cost of bargaining" and their estimations on others expectatiions of spot price.
    运用鲁宾斯坦的轮流出价讨价还价模型的思想,构造发电公司与大用户之间关于直购电力价格的不完全信息轮流出价的讨价还价博弈模型,求解模型并对所得的结果进行分析,得出双方达成协议主要取决于双方的“谈判成本”以及它们关于对方实时电力价格预期的估计。
    This paper gives the Bayesian collective-choice problem and Bayesian bargaining problem of the virtual organization through analyzing the context from which virtual organization arise.
    提出了虚拟组织的贝叶斯集体选择问题和贝叶斯讨价还价问题,指出了合作伙伴在虚拟组织中的相关策略;
    This paper analyzes the differences between resource-based and skill-based strategic alliances. Then the authors explore factors that influence enterprise bargaining power and mechanisms which change within skill-based strategic alliances. The authors construct conceptual models of bargaining power and illustrate its basic theory using empirical study.
    阐明了技能型战略联盟与资源型战略联盟的区别,从“技能”的角度探讨了企业讨价还价能力的影响因素及其变动机制,建立了企业讨价还价能力的概念模型,并用实证的方法验证了讨价还价能力的基本原理,提出了提升企业讨价还价能力的措施。
    A cooperative equilibrium is obtained in communication and bargaining of players,and a Nash equilibrium in silence of players.
    合作性均衡是博弈参与人通过讨价还价这样的“言语行为”在“交流”中得以实现的,而由逆向归纳法得到的完美纳什均衡是在“沉默”中实现的。
    Introducing the focal point equilibrium, two backbones determine interconnection quality through bargaining,which decreases exchange cost and regulatory cost.
    文中引入焦点均衡,2个骨干网通过讨价还价的方式确定互联互通质量,不仅减少交易成本,同时也减少规制成本.
 

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