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    The Comparison of Two Types of Legal System of Civil Law and Case Law
    论两大法系的会计法律制度体系
    The writer thinks that the system appeared in the case-law countries first because of their history background, law background and certain problems.
    我国上市公司涉及的历史背景、法律背景以及需要解决的具体问题与西方国家当时情形不同,因此对于独立董事制度的引进应当慎重。
    Thus, the English Law Commission, in its report on shareholder remedies (The Law Commission Report No.246,“shareholder Remedies”), recommended a “New Derivative Action” which will completely substitute the derivative action in case law.
    但是,英国普通法项下的派生诉讼制度的使用极不令人满意,因而英国法律委员会在其关于“股东救济方式”的报告(The Law Commission Report No.246,“shareholder Remedies”)中推荐了一种新的派生诉讼程序。
    By now, as far as the corporate opportunity is concerned, a mature system of rules named as the Corporate Opportunity Doctrine has been formulated under the case-law regime. These rules cover the issues such as recognition, prohibition and use of the corporate opportunity.
    英美公司判例法在董事利用公司机会问题上形成了比较成熟的公司机会规则(Corporate opportunity doctrine),这些规则包括公司机会的认定、禁止及利用等问题。
    American and English Case Law on Incorporation Clause in B/L and Its Revelation to Our Country
    关于提单并入条款的英美法比较及对我国司法实践的启示
    Voting trust, as a lawful means of requiring and sustaining the dominative right of enterprises, has experienced more than one century since it appeared in the Case Law of the Untied States.
    股东表决权信托,作为获取或维持企业支配权的一种法律手段,自从在美国判例法上出现以来,已经历一个多世纪。
    Many countries in the Case Law System think of the legal relation between the company and directors as trust relation or agency relation, whereas some countries in the Civil Law System consider it as the commission relation.
    董事与公司间的法律关系,英美法系国家大多认为是信托关系,也有的认为是代理关系,大陆法系国家则大多认为是委任关系。
    The Business Judgment Rule is a corporate legal system set up in the American case law.
    经营判断原则是美国判例法确立的一项公司法制度。
    The classification is not only in accordance with the different area these two kinds of incorporation clauses respectively covers but also of great significance in introducing English case law and American case law.
    其次,本文将并入条款分为一般并入条款和特别并入条款,这种分类不仅是由于条款本身所涵盖的内容不同,更重要的是因为英国法与美国法对此有明显不同的规定。
    Then expounds the regulations of American case law on general incorporation clause in B/L;
    从对以上内容的分析可以看出美国法对提单并入条款的规定更加灵活,同时也更不稳定。
    After comparing the legislative form and content between Anglo-America law system and continent law system, the author first analyzes the difference in the legislative form which the former is based on case law and the later is based on written law and the difference in liability of sponsors whenthe company is found in success or in failure, then generalizes the similarity and particularity of the two law systems.
    在对英美法系和大陆法系发起人民事责任立法形式和内容比较的基础上,分析了它们在立法形式上分别以判例法为主和以成文法为主的差异,以及在公司成立和公司不能成立两种情形下发起人责任内容上的区别,概括了他们立法上的先进之处和特色部分。
    To put forward and demonstrate in the first part of this paper that it is the most important to rebuild the law system of our country's supervisory committee in the reformation of the supervisory system of company in present period, after comparing the social background and characteristics of the civil law system with these of the case law system.
    本文第一部分对两大法系公司监控机制形成的社会背景、特点进行比较分析,提出并论证我国现阶段公司监控机制建设的重中之重是重构公司监事会制度,而不是外部监控方式或独立董事制度。
    Fiduciary Theory is rooted in the case law of Anglo-American law system, arguing that the director is the fiduciary of the company.
    另外,英美法系国家还有学者和法院主张信托和代理兼有说,试图融合二者的特点,更确切地解释董事与公司之间的关系。
    And the trust law in the Anglo-American legal system exists in the form of case law.
    英美法系各国的信托法均以判例法形式存在,其中英国信托法已有了六百多年的历史并早已趋于完善和定型;
    This part analyses the related basic theories and introduces the American practice from the view of its securities law, corporation law, case law and the disclosure system of the opinions of the target's board of directors.
    第二部分,反收购行为的决策权归属,该部分涉及到目标公司管理层的利益和地位,且在学术上存在着理论争议,即有股东大会享有决定权和董事会享有决定权两种观点,相应地在立法上表现为英国和美国两种模式,笔者根据我国的实际情况,认为我国宜采取股东大会决定模式,虽然这是一两难抉择.
    Deeply rooted in the equality of shareholders,the appraisal rights originated from the case law of 19th century America, with the purpose to balance the conflicting interests of majority shareholders and minority shareholders, and hereby to realize the equilibrium of both justice and efficiency.
    根植于股东平等的异议股东股份收买请求权源于十九世纪美国判例法,旨在平衡多数股东和少数股东的利益,并最终实现公平与效率价值的平衡。
    Then, some testsin American case law to determine a corporate opportunity are discussed.
    然后以美国法为例介绍了公司机会的数种认定标准,包括利益与预期利益标准、经营范围标准、公正性标准、结合标准、权力滥用标准、双重标准和区分公司标准,并分别做出分析评价;
    Meanwhile, the stock certificate civil case law system develops continuously with perfect, which acts in cooperation this kind of craves for the needs of those investors.
    而证券民事法律体系的不断发展与完善,也呼应了这种探索与希冀。
    Disregard of corporate personality is a case law principle initiated in judging corporate dispute cases by American court, also called by lifting the veil of the corporation.
    公司法人格否认是美国法院在审理公司纠纷案件中首创的一个判例法原则,也称揭开公司法人面纱。
 

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