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气候变率
    A Preliminary Study of the Northern Winter SLP Climate Base State and Its Climate Variability and Effects
    北半球冬季海平面气压场的气候基本态与气候变率特征及其影响的初步研究
    THREE MODES OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY OF TROPICAL PACIFIC AND ITS RELATION TO ENSO STRENGTH VARIATION
    热带太平洋气候变率的三类模态及与ENSO强度变化的关系
    To rainfed rice, climate variability has a positive effect on its yield in Guangzhou and Changsha.
    对雨养水稻来说,气候变率对广州、长沙两地的产量有正面影响,且这种影响与变率呈正相关;
    The Arctic Oscillation(AO) or the Northern Hemisphere Annular Mode(NAM),which is one of the important modes of climate variability,is usually represented by the leading EOF of Northern Hemisphere variability.
    作为一个全球气候变率的重要模态,北极涛动或北半球环状模态(AO/NAM)一般由北半球海平面气压变率的EOF1来表示。
    A Simulation on Sea Ice Climate Variability in Arctic Ocean
    北极海冰气候变率的模拟研究
    Simulation of the effect of climate variability on China's rice yield under regional climate change
    区域气候变化情景下气候变率对我国水稻产量影响的模拟研究
    CLIMATE VARIABILITY AT MILLENNIAL TIME SCALES
    千年尺度气候变率的研究
    NONLINEAR INSTABILITY BEHAVIOR OF COUPLED AIR-SEA SYSTEM AND ITS RELATION TO THE INTERANNUAL CLIMATE VARIABILITY
    海-气耦合系统的非线性不稳定行为与年际气候变率
    Impacts of Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Sea Surface Temperature on the Climate Variability over East Asia
    海温季节和年际变化对东亚区域气候变率模拟的影响
    The Coupled model was used to simulate the Arctic Ocean sea ice climate variability.
    在资料分析和数值模拟的基础上,对北极海冰的气候变率进行了深入的研究,结果如下:
    Then, climate change scenarios including change in climate variability (C+V scenario) were produced, based on 3 hypotheses and the Weather Generator (WGEN) in DSSAT.
    在上述第2部分,首先利用BASELINE和国际上通用的3种大气环流模型(GCMs)即GISS、GFDL和UKMO的有关网格点值,生成了研究区域3种不考虑气候变率变化的(2×CO_2)气候变化情景(以下简称C情景);
    The global change studies in the United States are mainly supported by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). The four key global change issues of USGCRP are seasonal to interannual climate variability, climate change over decades to centuries, changes in ozone, UV radiation and atmospheric chemistry, changes in land cover and in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
    美国的全球变化研究主要由美国全球变化研究计划(USGCRP)支持,重点资助季节—年际尺度气候变率,十年—百年尺度的气候变化,臭氧、UV辐射以及大气化学的变化,土地利用以及陆地、海洋生态系统的变化等4个领域。
    The simulation results show:(1) The influence of climate variability on rice yield is dissimilar due to differential management modes.
    模拟结果表明:(1)气候变率对水稻产量的影响因经营方式和研究地区的不同而有差异。
    To irrigated rice, climate variability has a negative effect on its yield. The greater climate variability is, the worse this kind of effect would be.
    对灌溉水稻来说,气候变率对其产量有负面影响,且这种影响随气候变率的加大而增大。
    Therefore, daily climatic change scenarios with different climatic variabilities can be generated with the combination of yearly and monthly output of GCMs at large spatial resolution, and adjustment of WGEN parameters. Thus, a promising approach is given to link climate models with various impacts models, and study the impacts of the change in climate variability.
    由此可以结合 GCMs大尺度网格上输出的月和年要素值 ,通过调控随机过程的参数 ,生成具有不同气候变率的 2× CO2 逐日气候变化情景 ,实现气候预测模式与气候影响模式的嵌套 ,进一步研究气候变率变化的可能影响。
    the summer rainfall there is in a phase of high base state and high climate variability after the 1980s so that we must be aware of frequent occurrence of summer flood/drought events;
    还指出,80年代后 我国的长江中下游夏季降水处于高基本态与高气候变率时段,应注意频繁发生的 夏季洪涝灾害。
    Significant progress has been made in studies on climate variability at millennial time scales during the last quarter of the 20th century. The following issues of the progress are outlined: (1) δ 18 O variations of Greenland ice core, and sediment data in lakes and in the North Atlantic Ocean show predominance of 1.5ka cycles during the last glacial period;
    2 0世纪后期 ,千年 (ka)尺度气候变率的研究取得了重要的进展 ,这表现在以下几个方面 :(1)格陵兰冰芯及深海沉积证明 ,在末次冰期中普遍存在平均周期为 1 5ka的循环 ,有人认为全新世也存在这种循环 ,小冰期就是最近一个循环的冷期。
    Some fundamental atmospheric variables including surface air temperature (SAT), sea level pressure (SLP) and precipitation are examined to evaluate the ability of the GOALS model to simulate the contemporary climate and climate variability.
    一些重要的大气变量包括表面空气温度,海平面气压和降水率用来评估GOALS模式模拟当代气候和气候变率的能力。
    With the implementation of Climate Variability and Predictability Program (CLIVAR), the research of interdecadal climate variability has become a hot point.
    随着“气候变率与可预报性研究”(CLIVAR计划)的实施,年代际气候变率研究已经成为国际气候研究的一个新热点。
    Since the ocean, especially its subsurface, has large thermal inertia, the effect caused by the ocean on the interdecadal climate variability has been attached more and more importance.
    由于海洋特别是海洋次表层具有巨大的热惯性,海洋环流在年代际气候变率中所起的作用已得到越来越多的重视。
 

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