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气候变化
    An inilfal Study on Climate variability in Zhanjiang in recent 50 Years
    近50年来湛江气候变化初探
    Impact of Human Activities on Climate II. Impact on Climate Variability over East Asia and China
    人类活动对气候影响的研究 Ⅱ.对东亚和中国气候变化的影响
    The Review of Impact Study of Climate Variability and Change on the Water Cycle
    气候变异与气候变化对水循环影响研究综述
    Advance in Study of Decadal Climate Variability
    年代际气候变化的研究进展
    Study on Climate Variability of the Subtropical Gyre in the North Pacific
    北太平洋副热带海洋环流气候变化研究
    A Study of Climate Variability in Western Hainan Island for Last 50 Years
    近50年来海南岛西部气候变化初步研究
    global warming potential of greenhouse gases; radiative forcing and climate effect of tropospheric and stratospheric aerosols; impact of human activities on fu ture climate variability over East Asia and China and the climate variability in East Asia and China dur ing the period of the 20th century and the 21st century.
    系统总结和介绍了20世纪90年代以来作者所开展的有关人类活动对东亚和中国气候影响的一系列研究活动、其中包括温室气体辐射强迫及其气候效应,大气微量气体的全球增温潜能,对流层和平流层气溶胶的辐射气候效应,气候系统外部因子对中国气候影响的总体评估,人类活动对中国和东亚地区未来气候变化的影响,以及20世纪和21世纪东亚及中国的气候变化
    It is needed to give the potential change of climate variability, adding to the future climate scenario for obtaining the related change of average, variance, and skewness of annual runoff.
    为了得到气候变化引起的年径流均值和Cv、Cs值的变化,除了应给出未来30年气候均值变化情景外,还应给出气候系列变异的可能变化,以修正原水文-气候基准系列的自然波动。
    Correlativity between Land Desertification and Climate Variability in West of Hainan Island During Past nearly 20 Years
    近20a来海南岛西部土地沙漠化与气候变化关联度研究
    The coupled ocean-atmosphere climate model is essentail for the research on climate and climate variability.
    海气耦合模式是研究气候以及气候变化的必不可少的工具。
    ENSO (El Nino/Southern Oscillation) was considered the strongest signal in the short-term climate variability and played an important role in the global climate change.
    ENSO是短期气候变化中最强的信号之一,对全球气候有非常重要的影响,因此,对ENSO现象的研究一直是气候研究的热点。
    The topic of the climate variability is one of the central subjects in the recentearth sciences, which has a great impact on the human's living and development.
    气候变化和异常是当今地球科学研究的重大课题之一,与人类的生存、发展密切相关。
    The present paper focuses on the detailed analysis of the climate variability onthe basis of the recent satellite data products including surface wind (SW), seasurface temperature (SST) and sea surface height anomalies (SSHA). We also testthe predictability of the SCS SST anomalies using canonical correlation analysis(CCA) with tropical Pacific Nino index and Indian Ocean Dipole mode index aspredictors. The nonlinear characteristics of the above parameters in SCS are alsodiscussed through nonlinear empirical orthogonal function (NLEOF) analysis.
    本文的研究内容就是利用近年来卫星资料产品,对南海主要海面要素,包括海面风场(SW)、表层温度场(SST)、海面高度场(SSH)的气候变化趋势以及南海表层温度变异的可预测性进行细致的探讨,并且利用较新的分析方法对南海上层海洋要素在近年来的非线性变异特点进行了分析。
    Then, climate change scenarios including change in climate variability (C+V scenario) were produced, based on 3 hypotheses and the Weather Generator (WGEN) in DSSAT.
    在上述第2部分,首先利用BASELINE和国际上通用的3种大气环流模型(GCMs)即GISS、GFDL和UKMO的有关网格点值,生成了研究区域3种不考虑气候变率变化的(2×CO_2)气候变化情景(以下简称C情景);
    The high-resolution palaeoclimate records of cave secondary carbonate have been broadly used to explore the detail structures of the paiaeoclimatic millennial oscillations and then to interpret the driving mechanism for the decadal or centennial climate variability.
    高分辨率的洞穴次生碳酸盐古气候记录在精确定年、解释古气候的千年振荡事件的内部结构以及十年至百年尺度的气候变化驱动机制等方面有着广阔的应用前景。
    This review first argues the characteristics of tropical air-sea interaction and its role in the interannual climate variability and then summarizes the four main periods of research development in this area and the main progress in recent 10 years.
    本文论述了热带海气相互作用的特点及其与年际气候变化的关系; 总结了这一领域研究发展的四个阶段和近十年来的主要进展;
    In addition,thre e challenging initiatives,including understanding natural climate variability an d the causes of rapid climate change,in_situ monitoring of geological processes, and exploring the deep structure of continental margins and oceanic crust,are al so introduced.
    同时,也介绍了ODP提出的3个挑战性项目,即自然气候变化和气候剧变原因、地质过程的现场监测和大陆边缘与洋壳深部结构探测。
    The global change studies in the United States are mainly supported by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). The four key global change issues of USGCRP are seasonal to interannual climate variability, climate change over decades to centuries, changes in ozone, UV radiation and atmospheric chemistry, changes in land cover and in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
    美国的全球变化研究主要由美国全球变化研究计划(USGCRP)支持,重点资助季节—年际尺度气候变率,十年—百年尺度的气候变化,臭氧、UV辐射以及大气化学的变化,土地利用以及陆地、海洋生态系统的变化等4个领域。
    Therefore, daily climatic change scenarios with different climatic variabilities can be generated with the combination of yearly and monthly output of GCMs at large spatial resolution, and adjustment of WGEN parameters. Thus, a promising approach is given to link climate models with various impacts models, and study the impacts of the change in climate variability.
    由此可以结合 GCMs大尺度网格上输出的月和年要素值 ,通过调控随机过程的参数 ,生成具有不同气候变率的 2× CO2 逐日气候变化情景 ,实现气候预测模式与气候影响模式的嵌套 ,进一步研究气候变率变化的可能影响。
    The loss of biological productivity mainly caused by climate variability and unsustainable human activity leads to the fast expansion of desert.
    人类的不当活动和气候变化引起的生物生产力的衰退及土地覆盖的破坏 ,造成了现代沙漠化的快速扩张。
 

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