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合宪性
    Between the History, Model and Notion——Constitutionality Control by Supreme Courts and Courts of Constitution
    在历史、模式与理念之间——通过最高法院与宪法法院的合宪性控制
    Analysis of Constitutionality on Judicial Interpretation of the Constitution in China
    我国宪法司法解释的合宪性分析
    On the Principle of Constitutionality Presumption in the Procedure of Interpreting Constitution
    论宪法解释程序中的合宪性推定原则
    On the Principle of Constitutionality Presumption
    论合宪性推定原则
    On the Constitutionality of Legalizing the "Ratio of Female Representatives"
    “妇女代表比例”法定化的合宪性探讨
    The third part is about the judicial review of constitutionality.
    第三部分全面论述了司法机关的合宪性审查。
    And the paper holds that only transformed its reasonableness into its legitimacy (constitutionality) and based its growth on constitution norms and system can the judicial interpretation of the Constitution fully realize its due theory and practical meaning, overcome its unstandard defects and drawbacks while operated.
    本文认为,只有将宪法司法解释存在的合理性上升为合法性(合宪性),将其生长置于宪法规范和制度的基础之上,才能充分实现其应有的理论和实践意义,并克服其不规范运行中的缺陷和弊端。
    Some basic principles have been formed step by step during the course of it's production and in the process of it's development. The major ones are as follows: The principle of suspension on non-lawsuit, principle of inference on constitutionality, principle of combination of procedure review and entity review and non-review principle on political issues.
    它在其产生和发展过程中,逐步形成了一些基本原则,主要有无讼案则无审查原则、合宪性推定原则、程序性审查与实体性审查相结合的原则以及政治问题不审查原则。
    Since coming out from the constitution as the fundamental law of the country, a lot of countries around the world ,in different forms successively , have set up and checked whether the general legislation or administrative statuted accords with the system of the constitution, usually called The examination of violation of the constitution or The review of constitutionality, so as to ensure supreme legal effect and position of the constitution.
    自从宪法作为国家的根本大法问世以来,世界上许多国家都陆续以不同的形式,建立了审查一般立法或行政法规是否符合宪法的制度,通常称为违宪审查或合宪性审查,以保证宪法的最高法律效力和地位。
    Key to guaranteeing the efficacy of the Constitution, it is argued, is to install a system of judicial review of constitutionality.
    本文认为 ,切实保障宪法效力的关键是建立司法性质的合宪性审查制度。
    It is the core of a legal system to supervise the constitutionality of a law, and in order to ensure the enforcement of a constitution, it is essential to establilsh a system of constitutional review.
    对法律的合宪性进行审查是法治的题中之义,为了保证宪法实施,必须建立相应的违宪审查制度。
    In light of the principle that constitution being supreme, the separation of powers and the invariability of constitution order, all the states adopt the principle of constitutionality presumption widely to settle the problem.
    根据宪法的最高性、权力分立与宪法秩序安定性原则 ,各国普遍采用合宪性推定原则解决这一问题。
    Constitutionality presumption, as an important principle to execute the constitutional review power reasonably, provides constitution's interpreter with rational basics of judgement.
    合宪性推定作为合理地行使违宪审查权的重要原则,为宪法解释者提供了理性判断的依据。
    This paper analyzes the concept, theory basics and interrelated cases of the principle of constitutionality presumption, and explores its function and limitation.
    文章分析了合宪性推定原则的概念、理论基础与相关判例,并探讨了其功能与局限性。
    As an important mode of constitutional enforcement, constitutional review should abide by the following principles: the principle of limited retroaction, the principle supposal of law constitutionality, the principle of unity of procedure and substance, the principle of exception of political issues.
    违宪审查作为一项最程式化、法制化的宪法实施方式,应遵守:(1)无讼案则无审查原则; (2)法律合宪性推定原则;
    The author deems that it is vitally necessary to apply constitutional statues in litigation in order to bring practical enforcement to the constitution as a national fundamental law, which will inevitably involve two prerequisites: 1. the direct effectiveness of the constitutional statues which means that courts may adjudicate directly according to such statues and 2.the authority of judicial agencies to supervise the constitutionality of laws, legal specifications, and other regulatory documents.
    我国宪法要想真正得以实施 ,起到国家根本大法的作用 ,那么就必须要让宪法进入诉讼 ,而宪法进入诉讼必然包括两个问题 ,一是宪法规范的直接法律效力 ,即宪法能成为人民法院裁决案件的直接依据 ,二是司法机关应当有权对法律、法规等规范性文件进行合宪性审查。
    With the development of the mechanism of constitutionality control and the judicatory function of social control, in many countries, the term“constitutional review by supreme courts”takes an important place in the conceptual category of legal system, and the mechanism of“constitutional review by court of constitution”as a special constitutional system has been carried out adequately.
    伴随司法之社会控制功能的增长以及合宪性控制机制的深度发展,在很多国家,“最高法院违宪审查”作为一术语在法律制度的概念范畴中逐渐占据一席之地,“宪法法院违宪审查”也作为一项专门宪政制度在诸多国家得到了良好践行。
    Through the clue of Constitutionality Control by Supreme Courts and Courts of Constitution, this article discusses comparatively the issue from the historical,institutional and ideal view, and discusses China's problem about mechanism of constitutionality control.
    本文以最高法院与宪法法院的违宪审查为主线,从历史、制度与理念层面比较探讨这一问题,并分析我国的违宪审查问题,以求为建构我国合宪性控制机制提供更为广阔的视野与思维空间。
    Only after its reasonableness is transformed into its legitimacy (constitutionality) can the judicial interpretation of the Constitution fully realize its due theoretical and practical meaning. Judging from the value orientation, the judicial interpretation of the Constitution undoubtedly truly conforms to the logical access of constitutionalism: the process from a model to a convention.
    只有将其存在的合理性上升为合法性(合宪性),才能充分实现其应有的理论和实践意义,并且,就其价值取向而言,宪法司法解释无疑真正符合宪政的逻辑进路:从范例到惯例的过程。
    Even a democratic criminal law may still fail to meet the requirement of constitutionality.
    对于刑事法律来说,其合宪性的基本要求是:什么是刑事法律不能进行立法的。
 

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