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    It istheory-Laden indeed, but it cannot dispel the objectivity and rationality of scientificfacts , because they reflect the relation existence of R(Oi, Mi, Pi)in the nature , inwhich the identity of the object, that of the medium and that of the subject are alsocritical in sustaining the objectivity and rationality of scientific facts , which wouldnever exist without any of them .
    因为科学事实是嵌在自然界中的三元关系 R(Oi,Mi,Pi)存在的反映,其中的客体的同一性(Oi),传递客体作用的媒介物的同一性(Mi)及主体的同一体(Pi)对科学事实的理性化和客观性同样是决定性的。
    Following the article "Important Advances of Science in China in 2006",published in the first issue 2007 of Science and Technology Review,with the same principles of evaluating within each branch,putting quality before quantity,and giving facts in time order,14 important technological achievements and 10 important engineering achievements in China in 2006 were selected and introduced in this paper.
    在2007年第1期《科技导报》发表作者“2006年中国重大科学进展”的基础上,本着“分门别类、宁缺毋滥、叙述事实、以时为序”的原则,按“技术”和“工程”2个类别,遴选出2006年中国重大技术进展14项、重大工程进展10项。
    The Relation between Theory and Facts:From Hacking's Experimental Point of View
    理论与事实的关系:从哈金的实验观点看
    Testability between subjects·Reliability of criticism·According with facts——On the three meanings of the concept of objectivity in Popper′s scientific philosophy
    主体间可检验性·批判的可靠性·符合事实性——论波普尔科学哲学中“客观性”概念的三重涵义
    He analyzes the basic of reason of thestructure of scientific reason, in which facts ,theory ,truth and belief are connectedeach other.
    作者分析了科学理性的结构中相互联系的事实、理论、真理及其信念的理性基础。
    In the producing of scientific facts, observation cannot receives thestructure of the topological invariable of the identity of external objects.
    在科学事实的形成中,观察不可能得到外部客体保持同一性的拓扑不变结构,观察确实负载理论,但并不消解科学事实的客观性和理性化。
    The objectivityand rationality of scientific theories are based on the topological invariable of externalthings, meantime , the subject must let the representations of facts and of other partsin brains to construct a type of topological space by the synchronous connection so asto construct rational structure of scientific theory.
    外部事物存在的某种拓扑不变性是科学理论的理性化和客观性的本体基础,同时主体必须通过脑的自发性作用将科学事实表象作为部分与脑空间的其余部分按照同时相关联系的不同而拓扑结构化,从而建构出科学理论的理性结构。 科学事实与科学理论存在不可分割的整体联系,观察陈述与理论陈述的二分法是不存在的,二者不是一一对应的,而是存在叠加的不可分割的联系。
    The modern context of economical society is a whole of system of "having complicated inherent construction" that is made up of all sorts of economic facts and various economic phenomena in the modern economy society, and these economic facts and phenomena are mutually intertexture together.
    “现代经济社会与境”是现代经济社会中各种经济事实和经济现象相互交织在一起所构成的“具有复杂内在结构性的系统整体”。
    Above the four economic facts are interrelated on each other, together constitute the whole system of "modern context of economical society" that adapt to founding the value theory of science-technology labor.
    上述四个不同侧面的经济事实相互联系,相互交织,共同构成了创立科技劳动价值论的“现代经济社会与境”之系统整体。
    Feyerabend studied the anomalies as the opposite facts or contrary instances in the explanation of his principles of tenacity and proliferation.
    费耶阿本德则在他有关理论发展的韧性原则和增生原则阐述过程中将反常作为反面事实或反倒来考察。
    On the one hand, the settled anomalies make the anomalous empirical facts into the continuously improved.
    一方面,在理论修改过程中,反常的最终被解决,使引起反常的经验事实成为己有理论的确证证据,从而使得已有理论进一步完善;
    To our satisfaction, studies display, from the present, especially from the beginning of the last century, many scholars admit these facts that some thoughts or views in Christianity make modern science burgeon.
    可庆幸的是,从目前的研究显示,特别是上个世纪初以来,很多学者都认可了这样的事实,即基督教的一些思想观念促成了现代科学的萌芽。
    The enlightenment of analogy is to generalize the all facts of studying objects by looking the conclusion of the analogical inference as a clue.
    类比的启发作用就是把类比推理的结论作为线索去概括研究对象的所有事实
    The principle that scientific facts ostensibly falsify theory should play a roleof theoretic basis in the process of reconstruction.
    “科学事实表面证伪科学理论”的原则是整个重建的理论基础。
    In front of these experiment facts, we must have a new understanding towards Einstein's view of physical reality.
    在实验事实的面前,对爱因斯坦的物理实在观必须有新的理解。
    The scientific hypothesis is constructed on the basis of known scientific facts and principles, by scientific method of thinking, such as scientific abstraction, logic inference and so on. It is a presumed interpretation or illustration to some existent phenomena, and a prediction or conjecture to some phenomena that are not existed in the reality.
    科学假说是科学认识主体在已知的有限的科学事实和一定的科学原理的基础之上,通过科学抽象和逻辑推理等科学思维方法,对己存在的事物现象做出的假定性解释和说明,以及对未发现和尚未存在的事物现象做出的前瞻性预见和推测。
    The historical facts show that the development of human cognition and the change of thinking manners have undergone several vital revolutions. Francis Bacon's epistemology and scientific conception marks one of those important historical turning-points, which stresses the close relationship among human, nature and society.
    历史事实表明,人类认识的发展及其思维方式的变化曾经历过几次重大的革命,弗朗西斯·培根的认识论及其科学观就是其中一个重要的历史转折点。
    As the vital procedure in the process of thought experiment, the construct of thought experiment is the transcendence of experiment process that reveals and interprets the experimental facts that have not been fully comprehended.
    思维实验的建构是思维实验整个过程中最为关键的环节。 思维实验的建构,既是超越经验的过程,又是揭示和消化以前未被充分理解的经验事实的过程,也是批判继承前人认识成果的过程。
    The writer of the thesis investigates the theory of blood circulation, theory of cytology, and theory of evolution, theory of genetics, etc historical materials, and further search out biological facts, which prove that Kuhn's theory fails to reflect.
    笔者主要是考察了血液循环理论,细胞学理论,进化理论和遗传学理论等的历史事实,然后找出库恩理论不符合生物学史事实之处。
    3)the value of theory lies in foreseeing new facts.
    理论的价值在于预见新的事实
 

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