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公路网的
    Rural highway is an important part of the highway network. As the import foundation establishment which be relied on agriculture and rural economics, it plays a great role in the development of agriculture and rural economy.
    农村公路是公路网的重要组成部分,作为农业和农村经济赖以发展的重要基础设施,农村公路在农业和农村经济发展中占有十分重要的地位。
    On the basis of above studies, the thesis forecasts rural highway total scale using land quotiety method, the synthesizing-quotiety method, the population density of economic method and connectedness method. Through the forecasted mileages open to traffic, it gains county and village network scale of Henan province, and then forecasts the total scale of county and village highway network and the grade frame of every town or city in Henan province.
    在上述研究的基础上,本论文采用国土系数法、综合系数法、人口经济密度法、连通度法对河南省公路网总规模进行了预测,并通过对河南省公路网通车里程的预测,得到河南省县乡道和村道的公路网规模,进而预测了河南省各市的县乡道和村道的规模,同时对河南省县乡道和村道公路网的等级结构进行了预测。
    Sustainable development of area highway network is a very important and complicated multiaim problem.
    区域公路网的可持续发展问题是一个非常重要而又非常复杂的多目标问题。
    The city regional highway network, which takes as significant component part of the highway network system,is distinguished different from national and provincial highway network by lauout, design and appraising.
    市域公路网是公路网的重要组成部分,其布局、设计与评价与国家或省域公路网在内容和方法上存在明显差别。
    In this paper, according to the basic theory of total volume controlling method, with considering the concrete status of GuiZhou province, though the evaluation index system of the highway network, quantify models and experts opinions, fuzzy assessment the skeleton highway network, it was posted that the highway network's principal contradictions and questions in current situation.
    本文根据总量控制法的基本原理,结合贵州省的具体情况,通过公路网评价指标体系、定量分析模型及专家意见,对贵州省现有骨架公路网进行分析评价,揭示了现状骨架公路网的主要矛盾和问题。
    The model,which is a Linear Programming with 9n variables and 9n + 2 constraints(n= the number of planning years),shows that the minimum total cost of maintaining and rehabilitat- ing the pavements of a asphalt highway network over planning years is a function of initial pavement condition, desired pavement condition in each year, unit costs of various treatment alternetives, transition probabilities for pavement condition, the number of planning years and the adopted optimal policies in each year.
    这模型是一个线性规划,含有9n个变量和9n+2个约束方程(n是计划年数). 它表明在计划年限内维修和改善沥青公路网的路面所需的最小总费用是初始路况、每年要求的路况、各种处理措施的单价、路况转移概率、计划年数和每年采取的最优策略的函数.
    How to get higher profit from the capital investment by improvinga highway network?
    对于一个公路网的发展如何使投资发挥大的效益?
    The reasonable development scale of the countytownship highway network and a simple, practical and easily operational method of the countytownship highway network layout optimizing is presented. Based on the function of the countytownship highway network and its characteristics, The construction projects division of the countytownship highway network and grade structure optimizing disposition are studied. 
    从县乡公路网功能特点出发,提出了县乡公路网的合理发展规模和一种简单、实用、操作性强的县乡公路网网络布局优化方法,并对县乡公路网建设项目划分和等级结构优化配置进行了研究
    According to road and traffic characteristic indexes of highway network, this paper illustrates a new mode with which the best among many planning schemes can be evaluated. That is two grade fuzzy comprehensive evaluation with many fuzzy operator. The method resort to AHP method to get the evaluating indexes' weights.
    根据公路网的道路与交通特征参数指标,阐述了评价公路网规划方案优劣的新模型,既多对模糊算子的二级综合评价模型,并结合运用AHP法(层次分析法)来确定评价指标权重。
    The characteristics of underground rail traffic and underground highway network as well as the role of both in urban development are analyzed.
    分析了地下轨道交通的特点、地下公路网的特点以及两者在城市发展中的作用。
    It is a very complex subject of highway network in develop and structure disposing,we should consider all kinds of factors during analysis and also we often adopt the fixed quality and deter-mine the nature,we use them to overall balance.
    公路网的发展规模和结构配置是一个极其复杂的课题,在分析过程中必须考虑多种可能影响到分析结果的因素,同时在分析过程中要经常采用定量分析和定性分析相结合的处理方法进行综合平衡。
    From the point of view of trend toll control, study on transfer of highway network crowding degree, analyse the effect of trend toll on highway network crowding degree, and a function considering the toll influences is presented,thus a new method to solve the problem of highway network crowding is put forward.
    从动态收费控制的角度 ,对公路网拥挤度的转移进行研究 ,分析动态收费对公路网拥挤度的影响 ,提出道路收费影响的函数模型 ,从而为解决公路网的拥挤问题提供新的方法。
    The highway network connectivity evaluation index reflects connectivity of each node in network,and embodies the structure characteristic of network.
    公路网的连通度评价指标反映了网络中各节点的连通状况,体现了网络的结构特征。
    This paper mainly talks about the adaptability evaluating methods of (highway) network from both quality and quantity points of view. It lists 6 adaptability-evaluating indexes related to highway network in term of (quantity), and then gives the evaluation results from the 6 indexes combined with practice in Shandong Province.
    从定量和定性角度系统地阐述了公路网的适应性评价的方法,在定量评价中列举了6个对公路网进行评价的指标,并结合山东省公路网的具体情况,用这6个指标进行了相应的评价,得出结论。
    After analyzing the representative layout shape of regional road network,the existing indexes for evaluation of highway network connectivity are reviewed,and the deficiency of its application in the connectivity of layout structure for regional freeway network is identified.
    分析了区域公路网的典型布局形式,回顾了现有的公路网连通度评价指标,指出其存在的局限性。
    A good highway network can effectively guide and promote the development of urbanization,therefore dynamic and overall considerations shall be given to the urbanization development law during the planning of highway network.
    公路交通可以有效地引导和促进城镇化的发展,在规划公路网的时候,一定要动态的、全局的考虑城镇化的发展规律。
    The completing of highway network mainly get social benefit and has great significance to politics,economics and environment.
    义乌市市域公路网的建成,其主要体现在社会效益上,在政治、经济、环境三方面都有重要意义。
    Taking the highway network planning of Yiwu city as an example,the paper evaluated the content and achievement of the highway network planning from the aspects such as the cover degree,the grade level,the running appraisal,direct and indirect economic benefits,investment of road construction,national economic evaluation,social benefits and environmental effect. The results could afford the decision of the highway network planning.
    以义乌市公路网规划为例,从规划公路网的覆盖程度、等级水平、路网运行、间接和直接经济效益、公路建设投资费用、国民经济评价、社会效益及环境影响等方面,对该市公路网规划内容和成果进行了综合评价,为规划方案的决策提供综合依据。
    To resolve the disadvantages of the present programming and construction targets of the highway network to the sustainable development, the new value-oriented target system is proposed. Based on the framework of balance scored card, the index system and the model of the VBM system of highway network are set up. Therefore the value of the highway network can be measured and its value driving factors can be identified.
    针对现有规划建设目标不利于我国公路网可持续发展的问题,提出了以价值为导向的目标体系,并基于平衡记分卡理论构建了公路网价值管理指标体系及模型,实现了对公路网的价值测度和价值前驱因素识别,以河南省公路网为例进行了初验,证明了该指标体系的有效性和实用性,为公路网实施价值管理、实现价值最大化奠定了理论基础.
    Not only the countryside road is the highway network important constituent, the countryside highway construction may enhance the road the understanding depth, traveling capability and highway network basic level, simultaneously, also improves the countryside foundation condition, does well “three agriculture” the work, serves in the socialism new rural reconstruction, manifests humanist manifests specifically.
    农村公路是公路网的重要组成部分,农村公路建设不仅可以提高公路的通达深度,通行能力及公路网的基础水平,同时,也是改善农村基础条件,搞好“三农”工作,服务于社会主义新农村建设,体现以人为本的具体体现。
 

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