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垂体
    Study on Survival and Apoptosis of Supraoptic AVP Neurons after Hypophysectomy or Hypophyseal Compression in Rats
    大鼠垂体切除或压迫后视上核加压素神经元存活和凋亡的观察及对比研究
    The microsurgical anatomy of the superior hypophyseal artery and its clinical significance
    垂体上动脉的显微外科解剖及其临床意义
    DETECTION OF SEX HORMONES AND HYPOPHYSEAL HORMONES IN PATIENTS WITH HEPATIC CIRRHOSIS AND ITS CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE
    肝硬化病人性激素与垂体激素的检测及临床意义
    Relationship between protection of the hypophyseal stalk in pituitary adenoma microsurgery and postoperative diabetes insipidus
    垂体腺瘤显微手术中垂体柄的保护与术后尿崩症的关系
    Microanatomy of anterior superior hypophyseal artery and its significance in visual disturbance caused by pituitary adenomas
    垂体前上动脉显微解剖特点及其在垂体瘤致视功能障碍中的意义
    Treatment with fractionated x-knife therapy to space-occupying lesion of the hypophyseal stalk: 4 case report and review of the literature
    原发性垂体柄占位性病变的分次X刀治疗4例报告及文献复习
    Establishment of rat hypophyseal compression model and changes in its postoperative biological characteristics
    大鼠垂体压迫模型的建立及其生物学特征
    The hypophyseal capsular arteries16%.
    垂体被膜动膜16%。
    The inferior hypophyseal artery presents in 96.67 卤 3.28%, the inferior cavernous sinus artery in 93.33 卤4.60%, the dorsal meningeal artery and the tentorial artery in 86.67 卤6.21% respectively.
    垂体下动脉的出现率为96.07±3.28%,海绵窦下动脉为93.33±4.60%,脑腊背动脉和小脑幕动脉均为86.67±6.21%。
    If T, FSH, LH level were all low, agenesis of the testis may be hypophyseal in origin.
    睾丸发育不良,如PRL增高,T、FSH、LH均低,可能垂体病变,而T值低,FSH、LH增高,系原发性的睾丸功能衰竭。
    Results:ESS appeared as hypophyseal stalk retroposition in 7 cases (7/20) and optic chiasm elevation in 3 cases (3/20),which were graded as the Ⅰ type;
    结果:Ⅰ型ESS显示垂体柄后移7例,占35%(7/20),视交叉上抬3例,占15%(3/20);
    hypophyseal stalk retroposition in 11 cases(11/14),optic chiasm elevation in 8 cases(8/14),they were graded as the Ⅱ type,both ESS were significantly different(P<001).
    Ⅱ型ESS显示垂体柄后移11例,占78%(11/14),视交叉上抬8例,占57%(8/14),二者有明显统计学差异(P<0.01)。
    The incidence of inferior cavernous sinus,hypophyseal capsular artery and ophthalmic artery was 95.8%,31.3% and 10.4% respectively.
    海绵窦下动脉出现率为 95 .8% ,垂体被囊动脉为 3 1.3 %。 另外眼动脉的出现率为 10 .4%。
    2D multiple slices, with the scanning plane paralleled to the hypophyseal stalk, were performed in 30 cases (control group).
    微腺瘤对照组冠状动态匙孔成像,采用二维多层扫描,扫描平面与垂体柄平行,其他成像参数与病例组相同。
    Methods:The microsurgical anatomy of the superior hypophyseal artery was performed in 48 internal carotid arteries on 24 cranial specimens.
    方法:研究了24例颅脑48侧颈内动脉发出的垂体上动脉的显微外科解剖。
    The length between lateral wall of the hypophyseal dural bag and the medial wall of carotid artery is3.8mm.
    颈内动脉内侧缘与垂体外侧缘间距为(3.8±1.25)mm(2.3~7.1mm)。
    88 3% of them had atherosclerosis,in which some eye arteries (3 eyes) and superior hypophyseal arteries (11 eyes) were blocked completely and 11 sides were blocked partly.
    病理切片观察动脉管壁有粥样硬化改变者占 88 3 %( 5 3侧 ) ,其中被硬化斑块阻塞眼动脉的占 5 7% ( 3侧 ) ,阻塞垂体上动脉的占 7 5 % ( 4侧 ) ,小动脉管腔狭窄者占 2 0 8% ( 11侧 )。
    Results The superior hypophyseal artery arose from the ophthalmic segment of the supraclinoid portion of ICA, with a number of (1.31±0.77) branches and an outer diameter of (0.38±0.11) mm.
    结果 每侧从ICA床突上段眼段下内侧壁发出(1.31±0.77)支、直径(0.38±0.11)mm的垂体上动脉;
    An inferior hypophyseal artery arose from the menigohypophyseal trunk of the intracavernuos portion of ICA, with a diameter of (0.66±0.19) mm and a mean length of (7.99±3.94) mm.
    从ICA海绵窦段后弯部发出1支、直径为(0.66±0.19)mm、主干长(7.99±3.94)mm的垂体下动脉;
    Methods Fifty cases of mammary cancer and hyperplasia of mammary glands respectively,taking blood samples from pre-menopausal and menopausal patients,six kinds of hypophyseal hormones(PRL,GH,TSH,ACTH,FSH,LH) and three kinds of sex hormones(E2,P,T) were detected by RIA method.
    方法随机选取绝经前和绝经后的乳腺癌患者各28例、乳腺增生病患者各22例,在治疗前采血样,对垂体激素6项(PRL、GH、TSH、ACTH、FSH、LH)和性类固醇激素3项(E2、P、T)进行检测,采用秩和检验,正态近似法(W ilcoxon法)对结果行统计学分析。
 

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