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开腹
    In the Open Group,a follow-up for 28.9±16.6 months found 3 deaths form metastasis or recurrence.
    开腹组随访(28.9±16.6)月,3例因转移或复发死亡。
    The mean length of the resected specimens was 24.4 cm in the laparoscopic TEM group and 25.2 cm in the open TEM group.
    腹腔镜组和开腹手术组手术标本的长度分别是24.4cm和25.2cm;
    After operation,the REE level increased in both groups(P<0.05) but values in the laparoscopic group significantly were less than those in the open group at the 1st and 3rd day postoperatively(P<0.05).
    REE两组术后1、2、3 d较术前明显升高(P<0.05),术后1、3d腹腔镜组明显低于开腹组(P<0.05)。
    Results The operation time was longer in the laparoscopic group (174±14.84min) than that in the open group (132±32.81min, P<0.05);
    结果VALLS组174±14.84min,明显高于开腹组132±32.81min(P<0.05)。
    The intraoperative blood loss was less in the laparoscopic group (70±29.2ml) than that in the open group (117±15.7ml, P<0.05);
    VALLS组出血量为70±29.2ml,明显少于开腹组117±15.7ml(P<0.05)。
    The hospitalization time was shorter in the laparoscopic group (3.7±1.3d) than that in the open group (7.3±1.9d, P<0.05);
    VALLS组术后住院时间为3.7±1.3天,明显少于开腹组7.3±1.9天(P<0.05)。
    The operative time was significantly longer in the laparoscopic group (89.0±26.9 min) than that in the open group (63.3±20.1 min) ( t=3.400,P =0.002).
    手术时间腹腔镜组 ( 89 0± 2 6 9)min显著长于开腹组 ( 6 3 3± 2 0 1)min(t =3 4 0 0 ,P =0 0 0 2 ) ;
    The analgesic requirement was less in the laparoscopic group (2 out of 24 cases ) than that in the open group (9 out of 18 cases) ( χ 2 =7.208, P =0.007).
    镇痛剂使用例数腹腔镜组 ( 2 /2 4 )显著低于开腹组( 9/18) ( χ2 =7 2 0 8,P =0 0 0 7) ;
    The time to first flatus was shorter in the laparoscopic group (23.5±11.3 h) than that in the open group (32.0±13.6 h) ( t=-2.211, P =0.033).
    肛门恢复排气时间腹腔镜组 ( 2 3 5± 11 3)h显著低于开腹组 ( 32 0± 13 6 )h(t =- 2 2 11,P =0 0 33) ;
    The postoperative pyrexia rate was significantly lower in the laparoscopic group (2/24) than that in the open group (7/18) ( χ 2=4.033, P =0.045).
    术后病率腹腔镜组 ( 2 /2 4 )明显低于开腹组 ( 7/18) ( χ2 =4 0 33,P =0 0 4 5 )。
    Results The operation time was significantly shorter in the Laparoscopy Group (61 4±9 3) than in the Open Group (72 6±7 1) ( t =7 692, P =0 000).
    结果 腹腔镜组手术时间 (61 4±9 3)min比开腹组(72 6±7 1)min明显缩短(t=7 692,P=0 000 );
    The time to first flatus was significantly earlier in the Laparoscopy Group (25 3±4 1 h) than in the Open Group (49 8±6 9 h) ( t =22 935, P =0 000).
    腹腔镜组术后排气时间 ( 25 3±4 1 )h明显早于开腹组 ( 49 8±6 9)h(t=22 935,P=0 000);
    The postoperative pyrexia rate in the Laparoscopy Group (9/52) was significantly lower than that in the Open Group (31/75) ( χ 2 =8 216, P =0 004).
    腹腔镜组术后病率(9 /52)显著低于开腹组(31 /75) (χ2 =8 216,P=0 004);
    Results The operative time was longer in the Laparoscopic Group (median, 300 min) than in the Open Group (median, 145 min) ( u =107.05, P =0.023).
    结果腹腔镜组手术时间长于开腹组(中位数300minvs145min,u=107.05,P=0.023)。
    And the data of the 54 patients (Laparoscopic Group) were compared with those from other 48 patients (Open Group) who had undergone open pull-thro ugh surgery before August 1999. Results The operation time was longer in the Laparoscopic Group(169±59 min) than in the Open Group(138±43 mi n)(t=2.903,P=0.005).
    结果手术时间腹腔镜组为(168±59)min,明显长于开腹手术组(138±43)min,(t=2·903,P=0·005);
    In the Laparoscopic Group, the rate of anorectal reflex recover y was 55.6%, the anorectal angle was 83.4°±10.4°, and the incidence of abnorm al defecation, 11.1% (constipation and faecal contamination respectively account ed for 50%), all of which were similar to those in the Open Group.
    腹腔镜组直肠肛管反射恢复率55·6%,直肠肛管角为83·4°±10·4°,排便功能异常发生率为11·1%,便秘和污粪各占50%,与开腹组相近。
    The CVP,P_(ET)CO_2,PaCO_2 were significantly higher in the laparoscopic hepatectomy than in the open hepatectomy(P<0.05).
    术后住院天数为5.7±1.0 d和10.3±3.3 d; 腹腔镜组中心静脉压(CVP)、PETCO2、二氧化碳分压(PaCO2)均明显高于开腹组(P<0.05)。
    ②The influence on respiration,CVP and pH were greater in the laparoscopic hepatectomy than in the open hepatectomy.
    ②对患者的呼吸、CVP、pH值等方面的影响,腹腔镜组大于开腹肝切除组。
    The pregnancy rate was 41.5%(17/41) in the(Non-cystectomy) Group,33.3%(23/69) in the Laparoscopic Group,and 25.5%(14/55) in the Open Group,respectively,without significant differences(χ~2=2.754,P=0.252).
    非囊肿剔除组临床妊娠率41.5%(17/41),腹腔镜组33.3%(23/69),开腹组25.5%(14/55),差异无显著性(2χ=2.754,P=0.252)。
    The recurrent rate was 19.6%(18/92) in the Laparoscopic Group and 19.2%(10/52) in the Open Group,without significant difference between the two groups(χ~2=0.002,P=0.961).
    术后痛经改善率腹腔镜组66.0%(35/53),开腹组52.8%(19/36),两组比较差异无显著性(2χ=1.580,P=0.209)。
 

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